Abstract

A tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) based on plasmonic lens (PL) excitation is proposed in this work. A PL expected to realize a strong longitudinal electric field focus is designed. The focusing performance of the PL is calculated via finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation and experimentally detected by a scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope. The PL is introduced to a TERS system as a focusing device. Experimental results with carbon nanotube samples indicate that the Raman scatting signal is significantly enhanced. It proves experimentally that the combination of a PL focused excitation field with a metallic tip in a TERS system is a promising method.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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  6. K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  29. D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Alexander, Z. D. Schultz, “Tip-enhanced Raman detection of antibody conjugated nanoparticles on cellular membranes,” Anal. Chem. 84(17), 7408–7414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, “Developments in and practical guidelines for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1856–1870 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sinjab, B. Lekprasert, R. A. J. Woolley, C. J. Roberts, S. J. B. Tendler, I. Notingher, “Near-field Raman spectroscopy of biological nanomaterials by in situ laser-induced synthesis of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy tips,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2256–2258 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

S. Y. Lee, I. M. Lee, J. Park, C. Y. Hwang, B. Lee, “Dynamic switching of the chiral beam on the spiral plasmonic bull’s eye structure [Invited],” Appl. Opt. 50(31), G104–G112 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

K. F. Domke, B. Pettinger, “Studying surface chemistry beyond the diffraction limit: 10 years of TERS,” ChemPhysChem 11(7), 1365–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Cançado, A. Hartschuh, L. Novotny, “Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman 40(10), 1420–1426 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Plasmonic focusing with a coaxial structure illuminated by radially polarized light,” Opt. Express 17(2), 924–932 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu, X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: A Review,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161–163 (2003).

2000

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Anderson, “Locally enhanced Raman spectroscopy with an atomic force microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(21), 3130–3132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, X. S. Xie, “Theory of Nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Van Labeke, D. Barchiesi, “Probes for scanning tunneling optical microscopy: a theoretical comparison,” Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(10), 2193–2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abeysinghe, D. C.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, S. H.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, K. D.

K. D. Alexander, Z. D. Schultz, “Tip-enhanced Raman detection of antibody conjugated nanoparticles on cellular membranes,” Anal. Chem. 84(17), 7408–7414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. S.

M. S. Anderson, “Locally enhanced Raman spectroscopy with an atomic force microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(21), 3130–3132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barchiesi, D.

D. Van Labeke, D. Barchiesi, “Probes for scanning tunneling optical microscopy: a theoretical comparison,” Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(10), 2193–2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bian, R. X.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, X. S. Xie, “Theory of Nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blum, C.

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Braun, K.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, D. E.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cançado, L. G.

L. G. Cançado, A. Hartschuh, L. Novotny, “Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman 40(10), 1420–1426 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deckert, V.

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Deckert-Gaudig, T.

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Domke, K. F.

K. F. Domke, B. Pettinger, “Studying surface chemistry beyond the diffraction limit: 10 years of TERS,” ChemPhysChem 11(7), 1365–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eklund, P. C.

P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ertl, G.

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Festy, F.

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: A Review,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161–163 (2003).

Han, S. W.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartschuh, A.

L. G. Cançado, A. Hartschuh, L. Novotny, “Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman 40(10), 1420–1426 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hayazawa, N.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heinemeyer, U.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennemann, L. E.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heo, J.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiller, J. M.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holden, J. M.

P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hua, J.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, F.

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, C. Y.

Ichimura, T.

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jishi, R. A.

P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kim, Z. H.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimball, C. W.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurouski, D.

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lazzeri, M.

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lednev, I. K.

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

Lee, I. M.

Lee, S. Y.

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lekprasert, B.

Lerman, G. M.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levy, U.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Plasmonic focusing with a coaxial structure illuminated by radially polarized light,” Opt. Express 17(2), 924–932 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mauri, F.

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meixner, A. J.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metanis, N.

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Milner, R. G.

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R. L.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notingher, I.

Novotny, L.

L. G. Cançado, A. Hartschuh, L. Novotny, “Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman 40(10), 1420–1426 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, X. S. Xie, “Theory of Nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opilik, L.

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

Pearson, J.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, Q.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pettinger, B.

K. F. Domke, B. Pettinger, “Studying surface chemistry beyond the diffraction limit: 10 years of TERS,” ChemPhysChem 11(7), 1365–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

Picardi, G.

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piscanec, S.

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richards, D.

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, C. J.

Robertson, J.

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sackrow, M.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, Y.

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, T.

J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, “Developments in and practical guidelines for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1856–1870 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scholz, R.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schreiber, F.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, Z. D.

K. D. Alexander, Z. D. Schultz, “Tip-enhanced Raman detection of antibody conjugated nanoparticles on cellular membranes,” Anal. Chem. 84(17), 7408–7414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuster, R.

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

Sekkat, Z.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sinjab, F.

Song, W.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srituravanich, W.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stadler, J.

J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, “Developments in and practical guidelines for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1856–1870 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stanciu, C.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steele, J. M.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stöckle, R. M.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suh, Y. D.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tendler, S. J. B.

Van Labeke, D.

D. Van Labeke, D. Barchiesi, “Probes for scanning tunneling optical microscopy: a theoretical comparison,” Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(10), 2193–2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Verma, P.

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weidmann, S.

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woolley, R. A. J.

Xie, X. S.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, X. S. Xie, “Theory of Nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yanai, A.

A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Plasmonic focusing with a coaxial structure illuminated by radially polarized light,” Opt. Express 17(2), 924–932 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yano, T.

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yeo, B. S.

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L. L.

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, W. S.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zenobi, R.

J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, “Developments in and practical guidelines for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1856–1870 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, Q.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

Y. Fu, X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: A Review,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161–163 (2003).

Zhu, X.

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem.

K. D. Alexander, Z. D. Schultz, “Tip-enhanced Raman detection of antibody conjugated nanoparticles on cellular membranes,” Anal. Chem. 84(17), 7408–7414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Drezet, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Surface plasmon propagation in an elliptical corral,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 074104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu, X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: A Review,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161–163 (2003).

M. S. Anderson, “Locally enhanced Raman spectroscopy with an atomic force microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(21), 3130–3132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carbon

P. C. Eklund, J. M. Holden, R. A. Jishi, “Vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes; spectroscopy and theory,” Carbon 33(7), 959–972 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1-3), 131–136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Yeo, J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, W. Zhang, “Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy – Its status, challenges and future directions,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 472(1-3), 1–13 (2009).
[CrossRef]

ChemPhysChem

K. F. Domke, B. Pettinger, “Studying surface chemistry beyond the diffraction limit: 10 years of TERS,” ChemPhysChem 11(7), 1365–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electrochemistry

B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, G. Ertl, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Towards single molecular spectroscopy,” Electrochemistry 68, 942–949 (2000).

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

K. F. Domke, D. Zhang, B. Pettinger, “Toward Raman fingerprints of single dye molecules at atomically smooth Au(111),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(45), 14721–14727 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kurouski, T. Deckert-Gaudig, V. Deckert, I. K. Lednev, “Structure and composition of insulin fibril surfaces probed by TERS,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13323–13329 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C

C. Blum, T. Schmid, L. Opilik, N. Metanis, S. Weidmann, R. Zenobi, “Missing amide i mode in gap-mode tip-enhanced Raman spectra of proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(43), 23061–23066 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman

L. G. Cançado, A. Hartschuh, L. Novotny, “Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman 40(10), 1420–1426 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

D. Richards, R. G. Milner, F. Huang, F. Festy, “Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy: practicalities and limitations,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 34(9), 663–667 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

D. S. Kim, J. Heo, S. H. Ahn, S. W. Han, W. S. Yun, Z. H. Kim, “Real-space mapping of the strongly coupled plasmons of nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Q. Peng, W. Song, F. Hao, J. Wang, P. Nordlander, X. Zhu, “Plasmonic focusing in symmetry broken nanocorrals,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 893–897 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic lens made of multiple concentric metallic rings under radially polarized illumination,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4320–4325 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2139–2143 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Focusing Surface Plasmons with a Plasmonic Lens,” Nano Lett. 5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanoscale

J. Stadler, T. Schmid, R. Zenobi, “Developments in and practical guidelines for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1856–1870 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

T. Yano, P. Verma, Y. Saito, T. Ichimura, S. Kawata, “Pressure-assisted tip-enhanced Raman imaging at the resolution of a few nanometers,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 473–477 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Inouye, Z. Sekkat, S. Kawata, “Metallized tip amplification of near-field Raman scattering,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 333–336 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Soc. Am. A

D. Van Labeke, D. Barchiesi, “Probes for scanning tunneling optical microscopy: a theoretical comparison,” Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(10), 2193–2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

S. Piscanec, M. Lazzeri, J. Robertson, A. C. Ferrari, F. Mauri, “Optical phonons in carbon nanotubes: Kohn anomalies, Peierls distortions, and dynamic effects,” Phys. Rev. B 75(3), 035427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, X. S. Xie, “Theory of Nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, U. Heinemeyer, C. Stanciu, M. Sackrow, K. Braun, L. E. Hennemann, X. Wang, R. Scholz, F. Schreiber, A. J. Meixner, “Nanoscale spectroscopic imaging of organic semiconductor films by plasmon-polariton coupling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(5), 056601–056605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, S. Kalinin, and A. Gruverman, eds., Scanning Probe Microscopy: Electrical and Electromechanical Phenomena at the Nanoscale (Springer, 2007), p. 254.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of PL structure consisting of a semi-annular slit and three annular slits.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated longitudinal electric field intensity distribution of the PL in xz plane (y = 0) under linearly polarized (x-axis) beam illumination (a), and longitudinal electric field intensity (b) and phase (c) distributions in xy plane (z = 0).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tip-PL interaction with linearly polarized illumination (a), PL structure detected by AFM (b) and SEM (c), experimental setup of the PL optical field detection and TRES with PL excitation (d).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated longitudinal field distribution (|Ez|2) from the PL (a), experimental measured optical field distribution (b), and the cross-section line (c) of the detected longitudinal field intensity according to the dashed line in (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Topography of the sample surface detected by AFM with SWCNTs placed on PL surface (a), the semi-annulus denoted by the dashed line indicates the first nano-slit of the PL on the right side and the black cross shows the TERS detection position; tip-enhanced and far-field Raman spectra (b) detected with the tip approached and retracted, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated optical field intensity distribution and field enhancement of tip-PL interaction with linearly polarized illumination.

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