Abstract

We present a linear nano-polarizer composed of asymmetric nanoaperture and bowtie nanoantenna, which provides a new way to freely control the polarization azimuth of the translated optical field in the near-field. It can not only generate large localized field enhancement and outstanding spatial confinement, but also maintain the polarization azimuth of linearly polarized optical field excited by arbitrary linearly, circularly or elliptically polarized lights. The response wavelength of the linear nano-polarizer can be easily tuned in a wide range by adjusting the geometrical parameters of asymmetric nanoaperture. This offers a further step in developing integrated optical devices for polarization manipulation.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  25. Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
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  27. E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).
  29. T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Roberts and L. Lin, “Plasmonic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett.37(11), 1820–1822 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (10)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photon.5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Dani, Z. Ku, P. C. Upadhya, R. P. Prasankumar, A. J. Taylor, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a dual-band negative index metamaterial all-optical switching device,” Opt. Express19(5), 3973–3983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Memarzadeh and H. Mosallaei, “Array of planar plasmonic scatterers functioning as light concentrator,” Opt. Lett.36(13), 2569–2571 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

E. Öğüt and K. Şendur, “Circularly and elliptically polarized near-field radiation from nanoscale subwavelength apertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

D. J. Cho, W. Wu, E. Ponizovskaya, P. Chaturvedi, A. M. Bratkovsky, S.-Y. Wang, X. Zhang, F. Wang, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast modulation of optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(20), 17652–17657 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: Optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biagioni, P.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bratkovsky, A. M.

Brueck, S. R. J.

Cabrini, S.

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Canfield, B. K.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chakrabarty, A.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. E.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaturvedi, P.

Chen, S.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chi, Y.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cho, D. J.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cramer, S. P.

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dani, K. M.

Deb, A.

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dhuey, S.

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorfmuller, J.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dregely, D.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Duo, L.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: Optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eres, G.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Falkner, M.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, M.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, A. T.

T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).

Funk, T.

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaddis, A. L.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, S. J.

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, B.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J.

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hatab, N. A.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Helgert, B.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsueh, C.-H.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. S.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Husu, H.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kauranen, M.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kern, K.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ku, Z.

Kuittinen, M.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laukkanen, J.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, F.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.-H.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

Lippitz, M.

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Memarzadeh, B.

Menzel, C.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minkowski, F.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mosallaei, H.

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photon.5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ögüt, E.

E. Öğüt and K. Şendur, “Circularly and elliptically polarized near-field radiation from nanoscale subwavelength apertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponizovskaya, E.

Prasankumar, R. P.

Pshenay-Severin, E.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Retterer, S. T.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Rockstuhl, C.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savoini, M.

P. Biagioni, M. Savoini, J. S. Huang, L. Duo, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Near-field polarization shaping by a near-resonant plasmonic cross antenna,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P. J.

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segerink, F. B.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sendur, K.

E. Öğüt and K. Şendur, “Circularly and elliptically polarized near-field radiation from nanoscale subwavelength apertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Setälä, T.

T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

Shevchenko, A.

T. Setälä, A. Shevchenko, M. Kaivola, and A. T. Friberg, “Degree of polarization for optical near fields,” Phys. Rev.66(1), 016615 (2002).

Smith, D. R.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sørensen, A. S.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stefani, F. D.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taminiau, T. H.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taubert, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tnnermann, A.

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turunen, J.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueno, K.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Upadhya, P. C.

Utikal, T.

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photon.5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, F. B. Segerink, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photon.2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vogelgesang, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Cho, W. Wu, E. Ponizovskaya, P. Chaturvedi, A. M. Bratkovsky, S.-Y. Wang, X. Zhang, F. Wang, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast modulation of optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(20), 17652–17657 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.-Y.

Wang, Z.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weber-Bargioni, A.

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Q.-H.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, E.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. W.

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, W.

Xia, K.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, Y.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, X.

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z.

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. Chen, H. Cheng, H. Yang, J. Li, X. Duan, C. Gu, and J. Tian, “Polarization insensitive and omnidirectional broadband near perfect planar metamaterial absorber in the near infrared regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, H. Li, Y. Fan, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, F. Li, and Z. Wang, “An ultrathin twist-structure polarization transformer based on fish-scale metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151908 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fan, J. Han, Z. Wei, C. Wu, Y. Cao, X. Yu, and H. Li, “Subwavelength electromagnetic diode: One-way response of cascading nonlinear meta-atoms,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151903 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(2), 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Öğüt and K. Şendur, “Circularly and elliptically polarized near-field radiation from nanoscale subwavelength apertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coordin. Chem. Rev. (1)

T. Funk, A. Deb, S. J. George, H. Wang, and S. P. Cramer, “X-ray magnetic circular dichroism-a high energy probe of magnetic properties,” Coordin. Chem. Rev.249(1), 3–30 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

E. Wu, Y. Chi, B. Wu, K. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructures,” J. Lumin.131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (6)

N. A. Hatab, C.-H. Hsueh, A. L. Gaddis, S. T. Retterer, J.-H. Li, G. Eres, Z. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Free-standing optical gold bowtie nanoantenna with variable gap size for enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.10(12), 4952–4955 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, A. Weber-Bargioni, S. W. Wu, S. Dhuey, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Manipulating nanoscale light fields with the asymmetric bowtie nano-colorsorter,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4505–4509 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, M. Falkner, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, E.-B. Kley, A. Tnnermann, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, “Chiral metamaterial composed of three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures,” Nano Lett.11(10), 4400–4404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett.7(5), 1251–1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, and M. Lippitz, “Quantitative modeling of the third harmonic emission spectrum of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3778–3782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmuller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun.2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The designed linear nano-polarizer can be excited by arbitrary linearly, circularly or elliptically polarized lights. It may generate a large localized field enhancement and maintain the polarization azimuth of linearly polarized optical field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Comparison of normalized intensity spectra between the bowtie nanoantenna and linear nano-polarizer. The polarization azimuth θ of incident light is 90°. (b) Normalized intensity of bowtie nanoantenna and linear nano-polarizer under different incident excitation light polarizations at the resonant wavelengths of 640 nm and 760 nm, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized near-field spatial distribution for (a) bowtie nanoantenna and (b) linear nano-polarizer with the polarization azimuth of incident light along x direction at the resonant wavelengths of 640 nm and 760 nm, respectively. Distribution of (c) parameter C and (d) modified figure of merit f for linear nano-polarizer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial distribution of parameters C ((a)–(d)) and f ((e)–(h)) for linear nano-polarizer illuminated under different polarizations of linearly incident light. The schematic configurations show four incident polarization angles of linearly polarized light are calculated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of (a) polarization contrast P and (b) minimum normalized intensity Imin as a function of L1, where L2 is fixed at 170 nm. Spectra of (c) polarization contrast P and (d) minimum normalized intensity Imin as a function of L2, where the ratio of the L1 and L2 is fixed at 1.35.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spatial distribution of C ((a)–(d)) and f ((e)–(h)) for linear nano-polarizer illuminated by circularly and elliptically polarized lights. The schematic configurations show circularly polarized light and elliptically polarized light with different azimuth angles are calculated.

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