Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel and cost-effective optical transmitter based on incoherent-light-injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) which can be upgraded to higher data rate without discarding the existing low-data-rate transmitter. The transmitter is based on optical time-division multiplexing (OTDM) of return-to-zero modulated RSOAs and thus capable of upgrading the system capacity on an as-needed basis simply by adding RSOAs. By using the proposed transmitter, we experimentally demonstrate a capacity upgrade from 2.5 to 5 Gb/s/channel by using two RSOAs, each operating at 2.5 Gb/s. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest reported data rate demonstrated using incoherent-light-injected RSOAs. We also demonstrate the performance of the proposed transmitter after 10-km transmission over standard single-mode fiber, and investigate the sensitivity penalty to the power level injected into the RSOAs as well as the optical delay for the OTDM.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Lannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access”, in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 119–120, (1998).
  6. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).
  14. H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(8), 2399–2409 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kim, “Return-to-zero transmitter for WDM-PONs using incoherent-light-injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 936–942 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Meng, J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Temperature-dependent saturation characteristics of injection seeded Fabry–Pérot laser diodes/reflective optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(3), 240–245 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(2), 775–785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(2), 775–785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bang, Y. C.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bodeep, G. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Borghesani, A.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

Buldawoo, N.

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H.-S.

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.-M.

Choi, Y. H.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Darcie, T. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Desai, B. N.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Downs, M. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, H.

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Lannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access”, in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 119–120, (1998).

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hermes, T.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hilbk, U.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Hwang, S.

Hwang, S. T.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Jang, Y. S.

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H. C.

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, “Return-to-zero transmitter for WDM-PONs using incoherent-light-injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 936–942 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(2), 775–785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

Koch, T. L.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lannone, P. P.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Lannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access”, in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 119–120, (1998).

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I. F.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

H. Meng, J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Temperature-dependent saturation characteristics of injection seeded Fabry–Pérot laser diodes/reflective optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(3), 240–245 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-K.

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. K.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Magill, P. D.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McCoy, A. D.

Meichenin, D.

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meng, H.

Moon, J.-H.

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mottet, S.

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Munroe, M.

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Oh, Y. J.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

Presby, H. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M.

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reichmann, K. C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Lannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access”, in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 119–120, (1998).

Richardson, D. J.

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saniter, J.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. J.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H. S.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sigogne, D.

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Westphal, F.-J.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

Yoo, S.-H.

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, “High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,” Electron. Lett.32(23), 2162–2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, “155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 C temperature range,” Electron. Lett.39(18), 1331–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett.37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(3), 548–551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.

H. Kim, “Return-to-zero transmitter for WDM-PONs using incoherent-light-injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 936–942 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of intraband crosstalk on incoherent light using SOA-based noise suppression technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Kim, K. Lee, and S. B. Lee, “Effects of in-band crosstalk in wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode-based WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 596–598 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Technol. Lett.

M. Zirngibl, C. R. Doerr, and L. W. Stulz, “Study of spectral slicing for local access applications,” IEEE Technol. Lett.8(5), 721–723 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 273–274, (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Lannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access”, in Proceedings of ECOC’98, 119–120, (1998).

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, “High Temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of ECOC’07, 1–2, (2007).

H.-K. Lee, H.-S. Cho, J.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Yoo, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked polarisation independent Fabry-Perot laser diode,” in Proceedings of ECOC’10, 1–3, (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic diagram of the proposed transmitter for downstream WDM PON. AWG: arrayed waveguide grating, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, and RSOA: reflective semiconductor optical amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. EAM: electro-absorption modulator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, OBPF: optical band-pass filter, RSOA: reflective semiconductor optical amplifier, RZ: return-to-zero, SSMF: standard single-mode fiber, VOA: variable optical attenuator, and VODL: variable optical delay line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra before and after the RSOAs in red and black, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured BER curves of the 5-Gb/s optical signals after OTDM (black squares). Also shown are the BER curves of the 2.5-Gb/s RZ signals using RSOA1 (blue triangles) and RSOA2 (red circles) before data-rate upgrade. The solid and empty shapes represent the BER curves at the back-to-back case and after 10-km transmission, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electrical eye diagrams. At the back-to-back case: (a) 2.5-Gb/s RZ signal using RSOA1, (b) 2.5-Gb/s RZ signal using RSOA2, and (c) 5-Gb/s signal after OTDM. After 10-km transmission over SSMF: (d) 2.5-Gb/s RZ signal using RSOA1, (e) 2.5-Gb/s RZ signal using RSOA2, and (f) 5-Gb/s signal after OTDM.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured sensitivity penalty of 5-Gb/s signal as a function of (a) the optical power injected into the RSOA and (b) the relative optical delay with respect to the other RSOA.

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