Abstract

We demonstrate a broadband optical emission from Bi/Er co-doped fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump. The ultra-broadband mechanism is studied and discussed in details based on a combination of experimental measurements, including luminescence, differential luminescence and ESA, on fiber samples of different Bi and Er concentrations. The Er co-doping in Bi doped fiber is found to be effective for broadband emission, by enhancing not only luminescence at C and L bands but also that at O and shorter wavelength bands. The luminescence intensity between 1100 and 1570nm is over −45dBm/5nm in single mode fiber using a few meters of Bi/Er co-doped fiber and offers a modest ~40dB dynamic range and a broad bandwidth of ~470nm for an OSA based spectral measurement.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
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2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, “Spectral characteristics of the erbium-bismuth co-doped silica fibers and its application in single frequency fiber laser,” Laser Phys.20(6), 1418–1424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Ultra-wideband light emission from Bismuth and Erbium doped silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(4A), 1531–1532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boyland, A. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. I.

Canning, J.

Chang, T. Y.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chen, J. C.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W. H.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, X. Y.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, “Spectral characteristics of the erbium-bismuth co-doped silica fibers and its application in single frequency fiber laser,” Laser Phys.20(6), 1418–1424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Firstov, S. V.

Firstova, E. G.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Ultra-wideband light emission from Bismuth and Erbium doped silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(4A), 1531–1532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Huang, K. Y.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. L.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kalita, M. P.

Kao, F. J.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kustov, E. F.

Kuwada, Y.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Ultra-wideband light emission from Bismuth and Erbium doped silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(4A), 1531–1532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C. C.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. S.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Ultra-wideband light emission from Bismuth and Erbium doped silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(4A), 1531–1532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Payne, D. N.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Qiu, J.

Qiu, J. R.

Qiu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, “Spectral characteristics of the erbium-bismuth co-doped silica fibers and its application in single frequency fiber laser,” Laser Phys.20(6), 1418–1424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shr, R. C.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Standish, R. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, W. Z.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. N.

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

Wai, P. K. A.

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

Wondraczek, L.

Yang, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

Yoo, S.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, N.

Zhang, Q.

Zhao, C. L.

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, “Spectral characteristics of the erbium-bismuth co-doped silica fibers and its application in single frequency fiber laser,” Laser Phys.20(6), 1418–1424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. Chen, Y. S. Lin, C. N. Tsai, K. Y. Huang, C. C. Lai, W. Z. Su, R. C. Shr, F. J. Kao, T. Y. Chang, and S. L. Huang, “400-nm-bandwidth emission from a Cr-doped glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(8), 595–597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwada, Y. Fujimoto, and M. Nakatsuka, “Ultra-wideband light emission from Bismuth and Erbium doped silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(4A), 1531–1532 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Q. Qiu, X. Y. Dong, and C. L. Zhao, “Spectral characteristics of the erbium-bismuth co-doped silica fibers and its application in single frequency fiber laser,” Laser Phys.20(6), 1418–1424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, B. O. Guan, H. L. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Development of Bi2O3 – based erbium-doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE5644, 259–269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for luminescence measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The broadband emission of Bi/Er co-doped fiber (X~0.02, Y~0.01), (b) the relationship between the total emission power and the pump power, (c) the stability of the whole emission spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The excitation-emission characteristics of a Bi/Er doped fiber sample. (a) the excitation-emission spectrogram; (b) the emission spectra of 830nm pump with different pump power; (c) the incremental emission versus the increase of the 830nm pump power; (d) the emission progressing at different wavelengths versus the 830nm pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The relative luminescence intensity Bi/Er codoped fibers with varying compositions. Here the highest Bi-doping: X~0.05, Y<0.005 mol%; the lowest Bi-doping: X~0.01, Y~0 mol%; the highest Er doping: X~0.02, Y~0.01 mol%; Please note that, for comparison purpose, the intensity is normalized to the luminescence from 1cm fiber sample. (b) The typical absorption spectrum of Bi doped fiber without codoping Er; (c) The 830nm pump absorption of the fiber samples.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Observation of on-off gain of the Bi/Er codoped fiber samples with different Bi concentrations.

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