S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Grupen and K. Hess, “Severe gain suppression due to dynamic carrier heating in quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(7), 808–810 (1997).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. Huang and L. W. Casperson, “Gain and saturation in semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(6), 369–390 (1993).

R. Frankenberger and R. Schimpe, “Origin of nonlinear gain saturation in index-guided InGaAsP laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(22), 2720–2722 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

M. Asada, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Suematsu, “Gain and the threshold of three-dimensional quantum-box lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1915–1921 (1986).

[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa and A. Yariv, “Quantum well lasers–Gain, spectra, dynamics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1887–1899 (1986).

[CrossRef]

N. K. Dutta, “Temperature dependence of threshold current of GaAs quantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett.18(11), 451–453 (1982).

[CrossRef]

J. Auyeung, “Picosecond optical pulse generation at gigahertz rates by direct modulation of a semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.38(5), 308–310 (1981).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Channin, “Effect of gain saturation on injection laser switching,” J. Appl. Phys.50(6), 3858–3860 (1979).

[CrossRef]

M. Ross, S. I. Green, and J. Brand, “Short-pulse optical communications experiments,” Proc. IEEE58(10), 1719–1726 (1970).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa and A. Yariv, “Quantum well lasers–Gain, spectra, dynamics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1887–1899 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Asada, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Suematsu, “Gain and the threshold of three-dimensional quantum-box lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1915–1921 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Auyeung, “Picosecond optical pulse generation at gigahertz rates by direct modulation of a semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.38(5), 308–310 (1981).

[CrossRef]

M. Ross, S. I. Green, and J. Brand, “Short-pulse optical communications experiments,” Proc. IEEE58(10), 1719–1726 (1970).

[CrossRef]

J. Huang and L. W. Casperson, “Gain and saturation in semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(6), 369–390 (1993).

D. J. Channin, “Effect of gain saturation on injection laser switching,” J. Appl. Phys.50(6), 3858–3860 (1979).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

N. K. Dutta, “Temperature dependence of threshold current of GaAs quantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett.18(11), 451–453 (1982).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

R. Frankenberger and R. Schimpe, “Origin of nonlinear gain saturation in index-guided InGaAsP laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(22), 2720–2722 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Ross, S. I. Green, and J. Brand, “Short-pulse optical communications experiments,” Proc. IEEE58(10), 1719–1726 (1970).

[CrossRef]

M. Grupen and K. Hess, “Severe gain suppression due to dynamic carrier heating in quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(7), 808–810 (1997).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

M. Grupen and K. Hess, “Severe gain suppression due to dynamic carrier heating in quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(7), 808–810 (1997).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. Huang and L. W. Casperson, “Gain and saturation in semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(6), 369–390 (1993).

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Asada, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Suematsu, “Gain and the threshold of three-dimensional quantum-box lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1915–1921 (1986).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. Ross, S. I. Green, and J. Brand, “Short-pulse optical communications experiments,” Proc. IEEE58(10), 1719–1726 (1970).

[CrossRef]

A. Sato, S. Kono, K. Saito, K. Sato, and H. Yokoyama, “A high-peak-power UV picosecond-pulse light source based on a gain-switched 1.55 microm laser diode and its application to time-resolved spectroscopy of blue-violet materials,” Opt. Express18(3), 2522–2527 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Yokoyama, H. Guo, T. Yoda, K. Takashima, K. Sato, H. Taniguchi, and H. Ito, “Two-photon bioimaging with picosecond optical pulses from a semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express14(8), 3467–3471 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Frankenberger and R. Schimpe, “Origin of nonlinear gain saturation in index-guided InGaAsP laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(22), 2720–2722 (1992).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Asada, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Suematsu, “Gain and the threshold of three-dimensional quantum-box lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1915–1921 (1986).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa and A. Yariv, “Quantum well lasers–Gain, spectra, dynamics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1887–1899 (1986).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

A. Sato, S. Kono, K. Saito, K. Sato, and H. Yokoyama, “A high-peak-power UV picosecond-pulse light source based on a gain-switched 1.55 microm laser diode and its application to time-resolved spectroscopy of blue-violet materials,” Opt. Express18(3), 2522–2527 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Yokoyama, H. Guo, T. Yoda, K. Takashima, K. Sato, H. Taniguchi, and H. Ito, “Two-photon bioimaging with picosecond optical pulses from a semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express14(8), 3467–3471 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

R. Frankenberger and R. Schimpe, “Origin of nonlinear gain saturation in index-guided InGaAsP laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(22), 2720–2722 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P Ippen, and G Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1740–1742 (1990).

M. Grupen and K. Hess, “Severe gain suppression due to dynamic carrier heating in quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(7), 808–810 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. Auyeung, “Picosecond optical pulse generation at gigahertz rates by direct modulation of a semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.38(5), 308–310 (1981).

[CrossRef]

N. K. Dutta, “Temperature dependence of threshold current of GaAs quantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett.18(11), 451–453 (1982).

[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa and A. Yariv, “Quantum well lasers–Gain, spectra, dynamics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1887–1899 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Asada, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Suematsu, “Gain and the threshold of three-dimensional quantum-box lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(9), 1915–1921 (1986).

[CrossRef]

N. Stelmakh, J. M. Lourtioz, G. Marquebielle, G. Volluet, and J. P. Hirtz, “Generation of high-energy (0.3 μJ) short pulses (<400 ps) from a gain-switched laser diode stack with subnanosecond electrical pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 245–249 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Channin, “Effect of gain saturation on injection laser switching,” J. Appl. Phys.50(6), 3858–3860 (1979).

[CrossRef]

M. Okano, P. Huai, M. Yoshita, S. Inada, H. Akiyama, K. Kamide, K. Asano, and T. Ogawa, “Robust carrier-induced suppression of peak gain inherent to quantum-wire lasers,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.80(11), 114716 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Huai, H. Akiyama, Y. Tomio, and T. Ogawa, “Coulomb enhancement and suppression of peak gain in quantum wire lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.46(44), L1071–L1073 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).

[CrossRef]

H. Yokoyama, H. Guo, T. Yoda, K. Takashima, K. Sato, H. Taniguchi, and H. Ito, “Two-photon bioimaging with picosecond optical pulses from a semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express14(8), 3467–3471 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Sato, S. Kono, K. Saito, K. Sato, and H. Yokoyama, “A high-peak-power UV picosecond-pulse light source based on a gain-switched 1.55 microm laser diode and its application to time-resolved spectroscopy of blue-violet materials,” Opt. Express18(3), 2522–2527 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Huang and L. W. Casperson, “Gain and saturation in semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.25(6), 369–390 (1993).

M. Ross, S. I. Green, and J. Brand, “Short-pulse optical communications experiments,” Proc. IEEE58(10), 1719–1726 (1970).

[CrossRef]

H. Haug and S. W. Koch, Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors, 5th edition (World Scientific Pub Co Inc., 2009).

W. W. Chow and S. W. Koch, Semiconductor-Laser Fundamentals: Physics of the Gain Materials (Springer, 1999).

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley-Interscience, 1995).