Abstract

We present two experiments confirming that hypocycloid Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fibers (HC-PCFs) are excellent candidates for beam delivery of MW peak powers and pulse compression down to the sub-50 fs regime. We demonstrate temporal pulse compression of a 1030-nm Yb:YAG thin disk laser providing 860 fs, 1.9 µJ pulses at 3.9 MHz. Using a single-pass grating pulse compressor, we obtained a pulse duration of 48 fs (FWHM), a spectral bandwidth of 58 nm, and an average output power of 4.2 W with an overall power efficiency into the final polarized compressed pulse of 56%. The pulse energy was 1.1 µJ. This corresponds to a peak power of more than 10 MW and a compression factor of 18 taking into account the exact temporal pulse profile measured with a SHG FROG. The compressed pulses were close to the transform limit of 44 fs. Moreover, we present transmission of up to 97 µJ pulses at 10.5 ps through 10-cm long fiber, corresponding to more than twice the critical peak power for self-focusing in silica.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (7)

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bauer, I. Zawischa, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator with 41 µJ pulse energy at 145 W average infrared power and high power frequency conversion,” Opt. Express20(9), 9698–9704 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jocher, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Sub 25 fs pulses from solid-core nonlinear compression stage at 250 W of average power,” Opt. Lett.37(21), 4407–4409 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Beaudou, F. Gerôme, Y. Y. Wang, M. Alharbi, T. D. Bradley, G. Humbert, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, and F. Benabid, “Millijoule laser pulse delivery for spark ignition through kagome hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1430–1432 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, X. Peng, M. Alharbi, C. F. Dutin, T. D. Bradley, F. Gérôme, M. Mielke, T. Booth, and F. Benabid, “Design and fabrication of hollow-core photonic crystal fibers for high-power ultrashort pulse transportation and pulse compression,” Opt. Lett.37(15), 3111–3113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (8)

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, A11–A26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, C. Jocher, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-repetition-rate sub-5-fs pulses with 12 GW peak power from fiber-amplifier-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36(3), 313–315 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Identification of Bloch-modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber cladding,” Opt. Express15(2), 325–338 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Ouzounov, C. Hensley, A. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. Gallagher, and K. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express13(16), 6153–6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. West, C. Smith, N. Borrelli, D. Allan, and K. Koch, “Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express12(8), 1485–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, “Optical pulse compression based on enhanced frequency chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.41(1), 1–3 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aguergaray, C.

Alharbi, M.

Allan, D.

Andersen, T. V.

Auguste, J. L.

Baer, C. R. E.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baggett, J. C.

Balant, A. C.

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, “Optical pulse compression based on enhanced frequency chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.41(1), 1–3 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, J. V.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauer, D.

Beaudou, B.

Beil, K.

Benabid, F.

B. Beaudou, F. Gerôme, Y. Y. Wang, M. Alharbi, T. D. Bradley, G. Humbert, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, and F. Benabid, “Millijoule laser pulse delivery for spark ignition through kagome hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1430–1432 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, X. Peng, M. Alharbi, C. F. Dutin, T. D. Bradley, F. Gérôme, M. Mielke, T. Booth, and F. Benabid, “Design and fabrication of hollow-core photonic crystal fibers for high-power ultrashort pulse transportation and pulse compression,” Opt. Lett.37(15), 3111–3113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Light, F. Couny, Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Double photonic bandgap hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express17(18), 16238–16243 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Identification of Bloch-modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber cladding,” Opt. Express15(2), 325–338 (2007).
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P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
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E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
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E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
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P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
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J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, A11–A26 (2011).
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Chichkov, B. N.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
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Couny, F.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 669–671 (2011).
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P. S. Light, F. Couny, Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Double photonic bandgap hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express17(18), 16238–16243 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Identification of Bloch-modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber cladding,” Opt. Express15(2), 325–338 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
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Demmler, S.

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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
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Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
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E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
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E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
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G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
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Georges, P.

Gerôme, F.

Gérôme, F.

Gleyze, J.-F.

Golling, M.

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
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A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heckl, O. H.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
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C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
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O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henningsen, J.

Hensley, C.

Hensley, C. J.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hoffmann, M.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holler, M.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hölzer, P.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

Huber, G.

Hugonnot, E.

Humbert, G.

Innerhofer, E.

Ishaaya, A. A.

Jocher, C.

Joly, N. Y.

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, A11–A26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Killi, A.

Kleineberg, U.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, K.

Koch, K. W.

Kränkel, C.

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Lago, L.

Light, P.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Light, P. S.

P. S. Light, F. Couny, Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Double photonic bandgap hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express17(18), 16238–16243 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

Magerl, E.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

Mangold, M.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mans, T.

Marchese, S. V.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menzel, D.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mielke, M.

Milosevic, N.

Momma, C.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Mottay, E.

Mussot, A.

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nagasaka, K.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nazarkin, A.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neppl, S.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nold, J.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, A11–A26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Paschotta, R.

Pekarek, S.

Peng, X.

Poprawe, R.

Prade, B. S.

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

Robinson, J. S.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Saleh, M. F.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saraceno, C. J.

Schapper, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schrauth, S.

Schreiber, T.

Schriber, C.

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seise, E.

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shim, B.

Smith, A. V.

Smith, C.

Stanislawski, M.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Suda, A.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

D. Bauer, I. Zawischa, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator with 41 µJ pulse energy at 145 W average infrared power and high power frequency conversion,” Opt. Express20(9), 9698–9704 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Tisch, J. W. G.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, A11–A26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uphues, T.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkateraman, N.

von Alvensleben, F.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Y.

Weitenberg, J.

West, J.

Westerwalbesloh, T.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wheeler, N. V.

Wirth, C.

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yen, R.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zaouter, Y.

Zawischa, I.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Grischkowsky and A. C. Balant, “Optical pulse compression based on enhanced frequency chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.41(1), 1–3 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Compression of femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.40(9), 761–763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(11), 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5(9), 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nature (1)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (10)

C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression of a high-power thin disk laser using rod-type fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express19(2), 1395–1407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bauer, I. Zawischa, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator with 41 µJ pulse energy at 145 W average infrared power and high power frequency conversion,” Opt. Express20(9), 9698–9704 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Saraceno, S. Pekarek, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Schriber, M. Golling, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Self-referenceable frequency comb from an ultrafast thin disk laser,” Opt. Express20(9), 9650–9656 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. West, C. Smith, N. Borrelli, D. Allan, and K. Koch, “Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express12(8), 1485–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, M. T. Burnett, and S. A. Maier, “Identification of Bloch-modes in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber cladding,” Opt. Express15(2), 325–338 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Light, F. Couny, Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Double photonic bandgap hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express17(18), 16238–16243 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, C. J. Hensley, B. Shim, S. Schrauth, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Highly-efficient coupling of linearly- and radially-polarized femtosecond pulses in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express17(21), 18630–18637 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ouzounov, C. Hensley, A. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. Gallagher, and K. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express13(16), 6153–6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express19(20), 19142–19149 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (12)

B. Beaudou, F. Gerôme, Y. Y. Wang, M. Alharbi, T. D. Bradley, G. Humbert, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, and F. Benabid, “Millijoule laser pulse delivery for spark ignition through kagome hollow-core fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1430–1432 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, X. Peng, M. Alharbi, C. F. Dutin, T. D. Bradley, F. Gérôme, M. Mielke, T. Booth, and F. Benabid, “Design and fabrication of hollow-core photonic crystal fibers for high-power ultrashort pulse transportation and pulse compression,” Opt. Lett.37(15), 3111–3113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, J.-F. Gleyze, and E. Hugonnot, “High-gain fiber, optical-parametric, chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3480–3482 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 669–671 (2011).
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N. Milosevic, G. Tempea, and T. Brabec, “Optical pulse compression: bulk media versus hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett.25(9), 672–674 (2000).
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G. Tempea and T. Brabec, “Theory of self-focusing in a hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett.23(10), 762–764 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, C. Jocher, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-repetition-rate sub-5-fs pulses with 12 GW peak power from fiber-amplifier-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.36(3), 313–315 (2011).
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P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett.35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, J. Boullet, L. Huang, C. Aguergaray, F. Druon, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and E. Cormier, “Stretcher-free high energy nonlinear amplification of femtosecond pulses in rod-type fibers,” Opt. Lett.33(2), 107–109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jocher, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Sub 25 fs pulses from solid-core nonlinear compression stage at 250 W of average power,” Opt. Lett.37(21), 4407–4409 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and U. Keller, “Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large-mode-area holey fiber,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1951–1953 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(6), 063104 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

7-cell 3-ring hypocycloid-core Kagome-cladding HC-PCF used in our experiments: (a) image of the whole fiber (b) zoom on the hypocycloid-shaped core with an inner diameter of 41 μm and outer of 48 μm and a pitch of 13 μm, and (c) spectral losses using a cutback measurement from 15 m to 5 m with a white light source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Thin-Disk Laser (TDL) set-up: (a) laser cavity: 38-m long cavity (b) spectrum of the laser measured with an OSA corresponding to a 1.36 nm sech2 spectrum (c) autocorrelation trace of the laser based on second-harmonic generation (SHG) measurement with 860 fs sech2 pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Set-up of the experiment: The input laser beam is coupled into the 2.8-m fiber, which is coiled with a radius of 50 cm. A gas chamber is placed on its end, while the input facet is exposed to ambient air. The output beam was sent through a half-wave plate and a polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission properties of Kagome Type HC-PCF in air: (a) Transmission and corresponding PER for different input average powers (b) Output spectrum of the system through a Polarizing Beam Splitter (PBS) for different input average powers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

M2 measurement of the polarized output using the 2.8-m long fiber in air: (a) At low input power: 0.1 W (b) At high input power: 6.9 W.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectrum: (a) Measured spectrum for input and output spectrum using the 2.8-m long Xe-filled Kagome fiber which shows a spectral broadening from the 1.36 nm FWHM sech2 input spectrum (red) of the 860-fs input pulses to 58 nm FWHM (blue) (b) The measurement agrees well with numerical simulations (purple dotted).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SHG FROG characterization of the compressed pulses at the maximum compressed power of 4.2 W: (a) measured trace (b) retrieved trace. The FROG grid used was 256x256.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pulse characterization of the compressed output: (a) intensity of the retrieved pulse with its phase and transformed limited pulse in the time domain. The compressed pulse exceeds 10 MW of peak power with sub-50 fs. (b) Retrieved spectrum of the compressed output with its phase and measured spectrum.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmission and polarization extinction ratio (PER) after a 2.8-m long fiber. The Kagome fiber was filled with helium and the input pulse energy was launched at a 50 kHz pulse repetition rate and with an input pulse duration of 10.5 ps from a commercial MOPA laser system (Duetto from Time-Bandwidth Products).

Equations (1)

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p(x)= p 0 2 +( p L 2 p 0 2 )× x L

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