Abstract

We report a 160 Gbit/s single-channel OTDM transmission in the 1.1 μm band using a high-Δ single-mode step-index fiber (SIF) and ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers (YDFAs). The 160 Gbit/s OTDM signal was generated from a 10 GHz mode-locked Yb fiber laser. The dispersion and dispersion slope of the SIF were precisely compensated with a chirped fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and a pre-chirping technique, respectively. A nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) was employed to demultiplex the 160 Gbit/s OTDM signal to 10 Gbit/s. As a result, we achieved a 100 km transmission with a BER of < 10−9 and a 300 km transmission with a BER of < 10−3, which is below the standard FEC limit at a net bit rate of 149.5 Gbit/s taking the 7% FEC overhead into account.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).
  4. K. Kurokawa, K. Nakajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, T. Matsui, and I. Sankawa, “Penalty-free 40 Gb/s transmission in 1000 nm band over low loss PCF,” OFC2006, OThH2, March 2006.
  5. K. Kurokawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tajima, A. Aratake, K. Suzuki, and T. Kurashima, “High capacity WDM transmission in 1.0 μm band over low loss PCF using supercontinuum source,” OFC2008, OMH5, Feb. 2008.
  6. N. Yamamoto, H. Sotobayashi, K. Akahane, M. Tsuchiya, K. Takashima, and H. Yokoyama, “1-μm waveband 10-Gbit/s transmission over a 7-km single-mode hole assisted fiber using a harmonically mode-locked semiconductor laser,” CLEO2008, CTuLL4, May 2008.
  7. N. Yamamoto, R. Katouf, K. Akahane, T. Kawanishi, and H. Sotobayashi, “1-μm waveband, 12.5-Gbps transmission with a wavelength tunable single-mode selected quantum-dot optical frequency comb laser,” CLEO2009, CMC5, June 2009.
  8. K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 1.1 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” Opt. Express19, 25426–25432 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. J. Doran and D. Wood, “Nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett.13(1), 56–58 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Yamamoto and M. Nakazawa, “Third- and fourth-order active dispersion compensation with a phase modulator in a terabit-per-second optical time-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Lett.26(9), 647–649 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2009

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

2006

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988

Aiso, K.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Doran, N. J.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 1.1 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” Opt. Express19, 25426–25432 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, K.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Koizumi, K.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 1.1 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” Opt. Express19, 25426–25432 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, T.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, Y.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miyabe, R.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Mukasa, K.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Nakajima, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 1.1 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” Opt. Express19, 25426–25432 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto and M. Nakazawa, “Third- and fourth-order active dispersion compensation with a phase modulator in a terabit-per-second optical time-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Lett.26(9), 647–649 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sankawa, I.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugizaki, R.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Suzuki, A.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsujikawa, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Yagi, T.

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto and M. Nakazawa, “Third- and fourth-order active dispersion compensation with a phase modulator in a terabit-per-second optical time-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Lett.26(9), 647–649 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 1.1 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” Opt. Express19, 25426–25432 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical loop mirror for demultiplexing 640 Gbit/s TDM signals,” Electron. Lett.34(10), 1013–1014 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, “Phase modulation of stretched optical pulses for suppression of third-order dispersion effects in fiber transmission,” Electron. Lett.34(17), 1675–1677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

K. Mukasa, R. Miyabe, K. Imamura, K. Aiso, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Hole assisted fibers (HAFs) and holey fibers (HFs) for short-wavelength applications,” Proc. SPIE6769, 67690J (2007).

Other

K. Kurokawa, K. Nakajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, T. Matsui, and I. Sankawa, “Penalty-free 40 Gb/s transmission in 1000 nm band over low loss PCF,” OFC2006, OThH2, March 2006.

K. Kurokawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tajima, A. Aratake, K. Suzuki, and T. Kurashima, “High capacity WDM transmission in 1.0 μm band over low loss PCF using supercontinuum source,” OFC2008, OMH5, Feb. 2008.

N. Yamamoto, H. Sotobayashi, K. Akahane, M. Tsuchiya, K. Takashima, and H. Yokoyama, “1-μm waveband 10-Gbit/s transmission over a 7-km single-mode hole assisted fiber using a harmonically mode-locked semiconductor laser,” CLEO2008, CTuLL4, May 2008.

N. Yamamoto, R. Katouf, K. Akahane, T. Kawanishi, and H. Sotobayashi, “1-μm waveband, 12.5-Gbps transmission with a wavelength tunable single-mode selected quantum-dot optical frequency comb laser,” CLEO2009, CMC5, June 2009.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for 1.1 μm, 160 Gbit/s OTDM OOK transmission over 300 km.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

160 Gbit/s OTDM signal. (a) Autocorrelation waveform and (b) optical spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectivity and group delay characteristics of the FBG at + 600 and + 1200 ps/nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) 10 GHz electrical clock signal and (b) SSB phase noise spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Characteristics of NOLM switch. (a) Group delay characteristics of a 12.5-m long HNLF, (b) transmittance characteristics of the NOLM against the control pulse power, (c) autocorrelation waveform of switching gate, and (d) autocorrelation waveform of a demultiplexed 10 Gbit/s signal.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cross-correlation waveform of a 2.3 ps pulse after 200 km propagation over a 1.1 μm SIF. (a) without dispersion slope compensation, (b) with dispersion slope compensation with pre-chirp.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Cross-correlation waveform of a 160 Gbit/s signal pulse modulated with a fixed pattern. (a) before transmission, (b) after 200 km transmission.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical spectra of a 160 Gbit/s signal after 100, 200, and 300 km transmissions.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) BER characteristics for 160 Gbit/s-100, 200, and 300 km transmissions (solid curves are the experimental results, and dashed curves are the numerical results including only the OSNR degradation), (b) the BERs for all 16 channels at 100 km with a received optical power of −20 dBm, and (c) the received power to achieve BER = 10−9 against the launched power.

Equations (2)

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Δ ϕ XPM =2γ P ctrl L
ϕ sin ( ω )= ϕ s sin{ A( ω ω 0 ) } ϕ s A( ω ω 0 )+ ϕ s 6 A 3 ( ω ω 0 ) 3

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