Abstract

The spatial-temporal distribution of dust aerosol is important in climate model and ecological environment. An observation experiment of the aerosol vertical distribution in the low troposphere was made using the micro-pulse lidar system from Sept. 2008 to Aug. 2009 at the oasis city Kashgar, China, which is near the major dust source area of the Taklimakan desert. The monthly averaged temporal variation of aerosol extinction profiles are given in the paper. The profile of aerosol extinction coefficient suggested that the dust aerosol could be vertically transported from the ground level to the higher altitude of above 5 km around the source region, and the temporal distribution showed that the dust aerosol layer of a few hundred meters thick appeared in the seasons of early spring and summer near the ground surface.

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2010 (2)

Z. Tao, Q. Zhang, K. Yuan, D. Wu, K. Cao, S. Hu, and H. Hu, “Retrieving aerosol backscattering coefficient for short range lidar using parameter selection at reference point,” Chin. Opt. Lett.8(8), 732–734 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

2008 (1)

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

2006 (1)

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

2005 (2)

X. Zong, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over 16 radiation stations in the last 10 years,” Climatic Environ. Res.10(2), 201–208 (2005) (in Chinese).

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. H. Lee, J. H. Kim, and C. B. Park, “Continuous measurements of Asian dust and aerosol profiles from lidar at Suwon (127°E, 37°N), Korea,” Proc. SPIE4893, 33–36 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed with high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt.41(15), 2760–2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

G. Li and G. Ji, “Analyses on aerosol scattering optical depth in the arid region of north-west China,” Plateau Meteor.20(3), 283–290 (2001) (in Chinese).

2000 (1)

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

1998 (1)

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (2)

1984 (1)

Abo, M.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andreae, M. O.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Aoki, K.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arao, K.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Asai, K.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bi, B.

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

Bi, J. R.

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Browell, E. V.

Campbell, J. R.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cao, K.

Durkee, P. A.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Fan, A.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fernald, F. G.

Flynn, C. J.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Formenti, P.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Gong, Z.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Hagiwara, N.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hlavka, D. L.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Hu, H.

Z. Tao, Q. Zhang, K. Yuan, D. Wu, K. Cao, S. Hu, and H. Hu, “Retrieving aerosol backscattering coefficient for short range lidar using parameter selection at reference point,” Chin. Opt. Lett.8(8), 732–734 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

Huang, J.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Huang, J. P.

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Huang, K.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Huang, Z. W.

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Hwang, I. H.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imasu, R.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Iokibe, K.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

Ji, G.

G. Li and G. Ji, “Analyses on aerosol scattering optical depth in the arid region of north-west China,” Plateau Meteor.20(3), 283–290 (2001) (in Chinese).

Jiao, M.

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

Kaestner, M.

Kaneyasu, N.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

C. H. Lee, J. H. Kim, and C. B. Park, “Continuous measurements of Asian dust and aerosol profiles from lidar at Suwon (127°E, 37°N), Korea,” Proc. SPIE4893, 33–36 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klett, J. D.

Koga, R.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuze, H.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

C. H. Lee, J. H. Kim, and C. B. Park, “Continuous measurements of Asian dust and aerosol profiles from lidar at Suwon (127°E, 37°N), Korea,” Proc. SPIE4893, 33–36 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li and G. Ji, “Analyses on aerosol scattering optical depth in the arid region of north-west China,” Plateau Meteor.20(3), 283–290 (2001) (in Chinese).

Li, J.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Lin, Y.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Liu, D.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Livingston, J. M.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Maring, H.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Matsui, I.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, T.

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed with high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt.41(15), 2760–2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. B.

C. H. Lee, J. H. Kim, and C. B. Park, “Continuous measurements of Asian dust and aerosol profiles from lidar at Suwon (127°E, 37°N), Korea,” Proc. SPIE4893, 33–36 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qi, F.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

X. Zong, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over 16 radiation stations in the last 10 years,” Climatic Environ. Res.10(2), 201–208 (2005) (in Chinese).

Russell, P. B.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Saito, Y.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, T.

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sasano, Y.

Schmid, B.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Scott, V. S.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shi, G.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Spinhime, J. D.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed with high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt.41(15), 2760–2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takamura, T.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Z.

Turner, D. D.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Voss, K. J.

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Wang, P.

X. Zong, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over 16 radiation stations in the last 10 years,” Climatic Environ. Res.10(2), 201–208 (2005) (in Chinese).

Wang, Q.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Welton, E. J.

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Wu, D.

Xue, F.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Yan, H.

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

Yu, G.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, K.

Zhang, C.

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

Zhang, L.

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, W.

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, G.

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Zong, X.

X. Zong, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over 16 radiation stations in the last 10 years,” Climatic Environ. Res.10(2), 201–208 (2005) (in Chinese).

Appl. Opt. (5)

Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett. (1)

J. P. Huang, Z. W. Huang, J. R. Bi, W. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements of Aerosol Vertical Structure over the Loess Plateau,” Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett.1(1), 8–11 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Climatic Environ. Res. (1)

X. Zong, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Characteristics of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over 16 radiation stations in the last 10 years,” Climatic Environ. Res.10(2), 201–208 (2005) (in Chinese).

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

J. R. Campbell, D. L. Hlavka, E. J. Welton, C. J. Flynn, D. D. Turner, J. D. Spinhime, V. S. Scott, and I. H. Hwang, “Full-time, eye-safe cloud and aerosol lidar observation at atmospheric radiation measurement program sites: instruments and data processing,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.19(4), 431–442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Desert Res. (1)

H. Yan, M. Jiao, B. Bi, and C. Zhang, “Observation on sand-dust aerosol in center of Taklimakan desert,” J. Desert Res.26(3), 389–393 (2006) (in Chinese).

Plateau Meteor. (1)

G. Li and G. Ji, “Analyses on aerosol scattering optical depth in the arid region of north-west China,” Plateau Meteor.20(3), 283–290 (2001) (in Chinese).

Proc. SPIE (3)

J. Zhou, D. Liu, G. Yu, F. Qi, A. Fan, H. Hu, Z. Gong, G. Shi, T. Nakajima, and T. Takamura, “Seven years of Asian dust lidar observations over southeastern China,” Proc. SPIE5832, 122–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lee, J. H. Kim, and C. B. Park, “Continuous measurements of Asian dust and aerosol profiles from lidar at Suwon (127°E, 37°N), Korea,” Proc. SPIE4893, 33–36 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Murayama, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, K. Iokibe, R. Koga, T. Sakai, Y. Kubota, Y. Saito, M. Abo, N. Hagiwara, H. Kuze, N. Kaneyasu, R. Imasu, K. Asai, and K. Aoki, “Lidar network observation of Asian dust (Kosa) in Japan,” Proc. SPIE3504, 8–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scientia Sinica Chimica (1)

F. Xue, J. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Huang, and G. Zhuang, “Characteristics and source of black carbon over Taklimakan desert,” Scientia Sinica Chimica40(5), 556–566 (2010) (in Chinese).

Tellus (1)

E. J. Welton, K. J. Voss, H. R. Gordon, H. Maring, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, B. Schmid, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, P. A. Durkee, P. Formenti, and M. O. Andreae, “Ground-based lidar measurements of aerosols during ACE-2: instrument description, results, and comparisons with other ground-based and airborne measurements,” Tellus52B(2), 636–651 (2000).

Other (1)

M. Chin, R. A. Kahn, L. A. Remer, H. Yu, D. Rind, G. Feingold, P. K. Quinn, S. E. Schwartz, D. G. Streets, P. DeCola, and R. Halthore, “Atmospheric aerosol properties and climate impacts”, Synthesis and Assessment Product 2.3 Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Jan (2009).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The monthly averaged vertical profile of aerosol extinction coefficient. Error bars are the standard deviations computed from vertical bins of each profile. (a) March; (b) April; (c) May; (d) June; (e) July; (f) August; (g) September; (h) October; (i) November.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The spatial-temporal distribution of aerosol extinction coefficient at Kashgar.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The month-averaged AOD and the comparison with SP

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specification of the MPL System at Kashgar

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the Measurement Days and Surface Visibilities

Tables Icon

Table 3 Comparison of the AODs Measured by the Sun Photometer and the MPL

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Z(r)=P(r) r 2 =C[ β 1 (r)+ β 2 (r) ]×exp{ 2 0 r [ α 1 (r')+ α 2 (r') ]dr' }
α 1 (r)= S 1 S 2 α 2 (r)+ Z(r)exp[ 2( S 1 S 2 1 ) r r c α 2 (r')dr' ] Z( r c ) α 1 ( r c )+ S 1 S 2 α 2 ( r c ) +2 r r c Z(r')exp[ 2( S 1 S 2 1 ) r r c α 2 (r'')dr'' ]dr'
σ=| AO D mpl AO D sp AO D sp |×100%

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