Abstract

In this paper, a Germanium-on-Silicon balanced photodetector (BPD) with integrated biasing capacitors is demonstrated for highly compact monolithic 100 Gb/s coherent receivers or 25 Gbaud front-end receivers for differential or quadrature phase shift keying. The balanced photodetector has a bandwidth of approximately 16.2 GHz at a reverse bias of −4.5 V. The balanced photodetector exhibits a common mode rejection ratio (CMRR) of 30 dB. For balanced detection of return-to-zero (RZ) differential phase shift keying (DPSK) signal, the photodetector has a sensitivity of −6.95 dBm at the BER of 10−12. For non-return-to-zero (NRZ) on off keying (OOK) signal, the measured BER is 1.0´10−12 for a received power of −1.65 dBm at 25 Gb/s and 9.9´10−5 for −0.34 dBm at 30 Gb/s. The total footprint area of the monolithic front-end receiver is less than 1 mm2. The BPD is packaged onto a ceramic substrate with two DC and one RF connectors exhibits a bandwidth of 15.9 GHz.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).
  2. u2t photonics, http://www.u2t.com/products/all-products/item/cprv1220a?category_id=6 , coherent receiver module CPRV1220A.
  3. Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, M. Poulin, F. Pelletier, C. Latrasse, G. Robidoux, S. Savard, J. Gagné, V. Trudel, M. Picard, P. Poulin, P. Sirois, F. D'Amours, D. Asselin, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, M. Cyr, and M. Guy, “Ultra-Compact Coherent Receiver Based on Hybrid Integration on Silicon,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), OMJ.2,1–3 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. u2t photonics, http://www.u2t.com/products/photodetectors/item/bpdv2xx0r?category_id=2 , balanced photodetector module BPD2XX0R.
  7. T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Optoelectronic Systems Integration in Silicon (OpSIS), http://opsisfoundry.org/
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    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Yin, R. Cohen, M. M. Morse, G. Sarid, Y. Chetrit, D. Rubin, and M. J. Paniccia, “31 GHz Ge n-i-p waveguide photodetectors on Silicon-on-Insulator substrate,” Opt. Express15(21), 13965–13971 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Gould, T. Baehr-Jones, R. Ding, and M. Hochberg, “Bandwidth enhancement of waveguide-coupled photodetectors with inductive gain peaking,” Opt. Express20(7), 7101–7111 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Baehr-Jones, R. Ding, A. Ayazi, T. Pinguet, M. Streshinsky, N. Harris, J. Li, L. He, M. Gould, Y. Zhang, A. Lim, T. Liow, S. Teo, G. Lo, and M. Hochberg, “A 25 Gb/s Silicon Photonics Platform,” Preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.0767 (2012).
  13. K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Pan, S. Assefa, W. M. J. Green, D. M. Kuchta, C. L. Schow, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. W. Baks, S. M. Shank, and Y. A. Vlasov, “High-speed receiver based on waveguide germanium photodetector wire-bonded to 90nm SOI CMOS amplifier,” Opt. Express20(16), 18145–18155 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ang, K.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aroca, R.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Assefa, S.

Bach, H.-G.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baeyens, Y.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baks, C. W.

Beling, A.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Buhl, L.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chetrit, Y.

Chu, J. O.

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, R.

Dehlinger, G.

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ding, R.

Doerr, C.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, J.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Gould, M.

Green, W. M. J.

Hochberg, M.

Inoue, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kametani, S.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koester, S. J.

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, Y.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuchta, D. M.

Kunkel, R.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Kwong, D.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. G.

Leonhardt, C.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Liow, T.

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lo, G.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, P. Winzer, Y. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, L. Chen, T. Liow, K. Ang, and G. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Matiss, A.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Miyata, Y.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Molle, L.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Morse, M. M.

Noelle, M.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Onohara, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

Paniccia, M. J.

Rasras, M.

Rubin, D.

Rylyakov, A. V.

Sarid, G.

Schaub, J. D.

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schow, C. L.

Schubert, C.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Shank, S. M.

Song, J.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Umbach, A.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

Vlasov, Y. A.

Winzer, P.

Xiong, Y.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yin, T.

Yoshida, H.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

T. Liow, K. Ang, Q. Fang, J. Song, Y. Xiong, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, “Silicon Modulators and Germanium Photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic Integration, Compatibility, and Performance Optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Koester, J. D. Schaub, G. Dehlinger, and J. O. Chu, “Germanium-on-SOI Infrared Detectors for Integrated Photonic Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1489–1502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft secision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Doerr, L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (6)

u2t photonics, http://www.u2t.com/products/photodetectors/item/bpdv2xx0r?category_id=2 , balanced photodetector module BPD2XX0R.

J. Fischer, R. Ludwig, L. Molle, M. Noelle, A. Beling, C. Leonhardt, A. Matiss, A. Umbach, R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, and C. Schubert, “Integrated Coherent Receiver Modules for 100G Ethernet and Beyond,” Proceedings ITG Symposium of Photonic Networks, 12, 1–5 (2011).

u2t photonics, http://www.u2t.com/products/all-products/item/cprv1220a?category_id=6 , coherent receiver module CPRV1220A.

Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, M. Poulin, F. Pelletier, C. Latrasse, G. Robidoux, S. Savard, J. Gagné, V. Trudel, M. Picard, P. Poulin, P. Sirois, F. D'Amours, D. Asselin, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, M. Cyr, and M. Guy, “Ultra-Compact Coherent Receiver Based on Hybrid Integration on Silicon,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), OMJ.2,1–3 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Baehr-Jones, R. Ding, A. Ayazi, T. Pinguet, M. Streshinsky, N. Harris, J. Li, L. He, M. Gould, Y. Zhang, A. Lim, T. Liow, S. Teo, G. Lo, and M. Hochberg, “A 25 Gb/s Silicon Photonics Platform,” Preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.0767 (2012).

Optoelectronic Systems Integration in Silicon (OpSIS), http://opsisfoundry.org/

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photodetector with on-chip capacitor for biasing (G: ground, M1: metal 1, M2: metal 2, MIM: metal-insulator-metal, S: signal. The drawing is not according to the scale). The bottom left inset shows the cross-section of the on-chip capacitor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated capacitance as a function of frequency of the MIM capacitor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Equivalent circuit of the BPD with on chip capacitors.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Junction capacitance per unit photodetector length as a function of reverse bias voltage (positive voltage on n type Ge).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized frequency response of the BPD.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Responsivity as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Normalized amplitude response as a function of frequency.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for the performance evaluation of the RZ-DPSK signal.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

BER as a function of received optical power at the chip (coupling loss of 8 dB deducted).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Packaged balanced photodetector and (b) Normalized frequency response of the packaged balanced photodetector.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Eye diagram of the packaged balanced photodetector for single ended input NRZ OOK signal (a) at 25 Gb/s and (b) 30 Gb/s.

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