Abstract

We propose a depth-fused display (DFD) with enhanced viewing characteristics by hybridizing the depth-fusing technology with another three-dimensional display method such as multi-view or integral imaging method. With hybridization, the viewing angle and expressible depth range can be extended without changing the size of the volume of the system compared to the conventional DFD method. The proposed method is demonstrated with experimental system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Suyama, H. Sonobe, T. Soumiya, A. Tsunakawa, H. Yamamoto, and H. Kuribayashi, “Edge-based depth-fused 3D display,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper DM2A.3.
  5. S. Liu and H. Hua, “A systematic method for designing depth-fused multi-focal plane three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express18(11), 11562–11573 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Ravikumar, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Creating effective focus cues in multi-plane 3D displays,” Opt. Express19(21), 20940–20952 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).
  8. J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Walton, A. Evans, G. Gay, A. Jacobs, T. Wynne-Powell, G. Bourhill, P. Gass, and H. Walton, “Seeing depth from a single LCD,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009), Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 1395–1398.
  10. M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-fused display with enhanced viewing region,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DSu1C.5.
  12. S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Depth expansion of depth-fused display based on integral imaging method,” in Proc. 12th Int. Meeting on Inf. Display (IMID 2012) (Daegu, Korea, 2012), 473–474.
  13. J.-H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Wu, H. Deng, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, and Q.-H. Wang, “Dual-view integral imaging three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt.52(20), 4911–4914 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Akeley, K.

Bahn, J.-E.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Banks, M. S.

Chellappan, K. V.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.-J.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Date, M.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

Erden, E.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujikado, T.

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Hosohata, J.

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Hua, H.

Ishigure, Y.

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Jung, J.-H.

Kim, J.

Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-K.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Lee, B.

Li, D.-H.

Liu, S.

Luo, C.-G.

Min, S.-W.

J.-H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, K.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Ohtsuka, S.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, G.

Ravikumar, S.

Sakai, S.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saveljev, V. V.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-W.

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, S.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Surman, P.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suyama, S.

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, H.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takao, Y.

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Uehira, K.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urey, H.

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.-H.

Wu, F.

Yeom, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

NTT Tech. Rev. (1)

S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Today (1)

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vision Res. (1)

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

S. Suyama, H. Sonobe, T. Soumiya, A. Tsunakawa, H. Yamamoto, and H. Kuribayashi, “Edge-based depth-fused 3D display,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper DM2A.3.

S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-fused display with enhanced viewing region,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DSu1C.5.

S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Depth expansion of depth-fused display based on integral imaging method,” in Proc. 12th Int. Meeting on Inf. Display (IMID 2012) (Daegu, Korea, 2012), 473–474.

E. Walton, A. Evans, G. Gay, A. Jacobs, T. Wynne-Powell, G. Bourhill, P. Gass, and H. Walton, “Seeing depth from a single LCD,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009), Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 1395–1398.

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