Abstract

The effect of heat-treatment on the near-infrared (NIR) luminescence properties was studied in Bi-doped borate glasses. The luminescence intensity generally decreases with the increase of temperature, and the thermal stability can be improved by nearly 4.5 times with addition of 5 mol% La2O3. Collaborative studies by using steady photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectra, luminescence decay curve, differential thermal analysis (DTA), Raman spectra and X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicate that the luminescence decrement is associated with the agglomeration of Bi active centers during heat-treatment. The improvement of the thermal stability of NIR luminescence with the addition of La2O3 is benefited from the enhancement of structure rigidity due to the strong cationic field strength of La3+. The results not only provide valuable guidance for suppressing performance degradation of Bi-doped glass during fiber drawing process, but also present an effective way to control the luminescence properties of main group elements in glasses from the perspective of glass structure.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glasses and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (6)

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Sharada and D. Suresh Babu, “Spectroscopic studies of tantalum doped borate glasses,” Phys. B407(19), 3945–3955 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, L. Tao, Y. H. Tsang, W. Jin, and E. Y. Pun, “Superbroadband near-IR photoluminescence from Pr3+-doped fluorotellurite glasses,” Opt. Express20(4), 3803–3813 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, S. Zhou, Y. Zhuang, R. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Bandwidth broadening of near-infrared emission through nanocrystallization in Bi/Ni co-doped glass,” Opt. Express20(8), 8675–8680 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

H. Fan, G. Gao, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Infrared, Raman and XPS spectroscopic studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” Solid State Sci.12(4), 541–545 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped barium-aluminum-borate glasses,” Opt. Express13(5), 1635–1642 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Naskatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(3), 279–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Akada, T.

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baccaro, S.

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bao, J.

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

Chen, D.

Chen, D. P.

Chen, J.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chryssikos, G. D.

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, H.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Falconieri, M.

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fan, H.

H. Fan, G. Gao, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Infrared, Raman and XPS spectroscopic studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” Solid State Sci.12(4), 541–545 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, G.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Firstova, E. G.

A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

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B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
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H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
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Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
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Hao, J.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
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S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
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S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
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S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
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S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
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Hong, Z.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
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B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
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H. Fan, G. Gao, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Infrared, Raman and XPS spectroscopic studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” Solid State Sci.12(4), 541–545 (2010).
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S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
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S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
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H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
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S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
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Kobayashi, K.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
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S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
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S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
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S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
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V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
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Ma, Z.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
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H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
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M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
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Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

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M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
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S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Fujimoto and M. Naskatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(3), 279–281 (2001).
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A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
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B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
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A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
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M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
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Pun, E. Y.

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I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhang, S. Zhou, Y. Zhuang, R. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Bandwidth broadening of near-infrared emission through nanocrystallization in Bi/Ni co-doped glass,” Opt. Express20(8), 8675–8680 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. R.

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Sharada and D. Suresh Babu, “Spectroscopic studies of tantalum doped borate glasses,” Phys. B407(19), 3945–3955 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shirahata, N.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, D. P.

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smedskjaer, M. M.

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, H. T.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suresh Babu, D.

M. Sharada and D. Suresh Babu, “Spectroscopic studies of tantalum doped borate glasses,” Phys. B407(19), 3945–3955 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tan, D.

Tanaka, M.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, L.

Teng, Y.

Thind, K. S.

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

H. Fan, G. Gao, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Infrared, Raman and XPS spectroscopic studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” Solid State Sci.12(4), 541–545 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, E.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

Yang, R.

Yang, Z.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhou, B.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, S.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhang, S. Zhou, Y. Zhuang, R. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Bandwidth broadening of near-infrared emission through nanocrystallization in Bi/Ni co-doped glass,” Opt. Express20(8), 8675–8680 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

Zhu, C. S.

Zhuang, Y.

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B.87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
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B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doped with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem.22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
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J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
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A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glasses and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. Fujimoto and M. Naskatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.40(3), 279–281 (2001).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. B (1)

M. Sharada and D. Suresh Babu, “Spectroscopic studies of tantalum doped borate glasses,” Phys. B407(19), 3945–3955 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
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Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

M. Monika, M. Falconieri, S. Baccaro, G. Sharma, K. S. Thind, and D. P. Singh, “Role of aluminium oxide in the structure of heavy metal oxide borosilicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi A209(8), 1438–1444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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A. A. Pynenkov, S. V. Firstov, A. A. Panov, E. G. Firstova, K. N. Nishchev, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “IR luminescence in bismuth-doped germanate glasses and fibres,” Quantum Electron.43(2), 174–176 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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H. Fan, G. Gao, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Infrared, Raman and XPS spectroscopic studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” Solid State Sci.12(4), 541–545 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photoluminescence spectra of the glass samples 0La (a) and 5La (b) before and after heat-treatment when excited by an 800 nm LD, (c) dependence of the NIR luminescence intensity on the heat-treatment temperatures. The insets show the corresponding photographs of the glass samples heat-treated at various temperatures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PLE (λem = 1150 nm) and PL (λex = 468 nm) spectra of as-made and heat-treated glass samples 0La (a) and 5La (c). Corresponding decay curves of glass samples 0La (b) and 5La (d) when excited at 468 nm and monitored at 1150 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Raman spectra of as-made glass 0La and 5La. Inset is the amplified spectrum region from 755 to 790 cm−1, (b) schematic illustration of transformation mechanism of Bi active centers in glass 0La and 5La, and (c) XRD pattern and TEM photograph of glass 0La.

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