Abstract

For real-time dosimetry in electron beam therapy, an integrated fiber-optic dosimeter (FOD) is developed using a water-equivalent dosimeter probe, four transmitting optical fibers, and a multichannel light-measuring device. The dosimeter probe is composed of two inner sensors, a scintillation sensor and a Cerenkov sensor, and each sensor has two different channels. Accordingly, we measured four separate light signals from each channel in the dosimeter probe, simultaneously, and then obtained the scintillation and Cerenkov signals using a subtraction method. To evaluate the performance of the integrated FOD, we measured the light signals according to the irradiation angle of the electron beam, the depth variation of the solid water phantom, and the electron beam energy. In conclusion, we demonstrated that the pure scintillation and Cerenkov signals obtained by an integrated FOD system based on a subtraction method can be effectively used for calibrating the conditions of high-energy electron beams in radiotherapy.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  2. T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. S. Beddar, “Plastic scintillation dosimetry and its application to radiotherapy,” Radiat. Meas.41, S124–S133 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  18. K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Law, N. Suchowerska, D. R. McKenzie, S. C. Fleming, and T. Lin, “Transmission of Cerenkov radiation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1205–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. S. Beddar, “Plastic scintillation dosimetry and its application to radiotherapy,” Radiat. Meas.41, S124–S133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

D. Létourneau, J. Pouliot, and R. Roy, “Miniature scintillating detector for small field radiation therapy,” Med. Phys.26(12), 2555–2561 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

A. S. Beddar, T. R. Mackie, and F. H. Attix, “Cerenkov light generated in optical fibres and other light pipes irradiated by electron beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.37(4), 925–935 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, T.

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Archambault, L.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attix, F. H.

A. S. Beddar, T. R. Mackie, and F. H. Attix, “Cerenkov light generated in optical fibres and other light pipes irradiated by electron beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.37(4), 925–935 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ban, G.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Batalla, A.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaulieu, L.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beddar, A. S.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Beddar, “Plastic scintillation dosimetry and its application to radiotherapy,” Radiat. Meas.41, S124–S133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Beddar, T. R. Mackie, and F. H. Attix, “Cerenkov light generated in optical fibres and other light pipes irradiated by electron beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.37(4), 925–935 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cha, E.-J.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, D. H.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H.

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, Y.-H.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chung, S. C.

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clift, M. A.

M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colin, J.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, S. C.

Fontbonne, J.-M.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frelin, A.-M.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gingras, L.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guillot, M.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, K.-T.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heo, J. Y.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Isambert, A.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, K. W.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, C.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K.-A.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, S.

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Labalme, M.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacroix, F.

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lambert, J.

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Law, S.

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Law, S. H.

Lee, B.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leroux, T.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L├ętourneau, D.

D. Létourneau, J. Pouliot, and R. Roy, “Miniature scintillating detector for small field radiation therapy,” Med. Phys.26(12), 2555–2561 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T.

Mackie, T. R.

A. S. Beddar, T. R. Mackie, and F. H. Attix, “Cerenkov light generated in optical fibres and other light pipes irradiated by electron beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.37(4), 925–935 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maekoshi, H.

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKenzie, D. R.

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Law, N. Suchowerska, D. R. McKenzie, S. C. Fleming, and T. Lin, “Transmission of Cerenkov radiation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1205–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, B. J.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misawa, T.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, J.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, J. H.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, B. G.

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-Y.

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pouliot, J.

D. Létourneau, J. Pouliot, and R. Roy, “Miniature scintillating detector for small field radiation therapy,” Med. Phys.26(12), 2555–2561 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pyeon, C. H.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, R.

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Létourneau, J. Pouliot, and R. Roy, “Miniature scintillating detector for small field radiation therapy,” Med. Phys.26(12), 2555–2561 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, J. K.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, S. H.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suchowerska, N.

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Law, N. Suchowerska, D. R. McKenzie, S. C. Fleming, and T. Lin, “Transmission of Cerenkov radiation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1205–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutton, R. A.

M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tack, G. R.

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzaka, M.

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vela, A.

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webb, D. V.

M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yagi, T.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, Y.

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, W. J.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Jang, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, D. Shin, and B. Lee, “Fiber-optic Cerenkov radiation sensor for proton therapy dosimetry,” Opt. Express20(13), 13907–13914 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.

B. Lee, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, J. K. Seo, J. Y. Heo, S. H. Shin, J. H. Moon, B. G. Park, Y.-H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Measurements of relative depth doses using fiber-optic radiation sensor and EBT film for brachytherapy dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.57(3), 1496–1501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, C. Jeong, B. J. Min, D. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Application of Cerenkov radiation generated in plastic optical fibers for therapeutic photon beam dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(2), 027001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Med. Phys.

T. Aoyama, S. Koyama, M. Tsuzaka, and H. Maekoshi, “A depth-dose measuring device using a multichannel scintillating fiber array for electron beam therapy,” Med. Phys.24(8), 1235–1239 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Létourneau, J. Pouliot, and R. Roy, “Miniature scintillating detector for small field radiation therapy,” Med. Phys.26(12), 2555–2561 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Archambault, A. S. Beddar, L. Gingras, F. Lacroix, R. Roy, and L. Beaulieu, “Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy,” Med. Phys.34(5), 1583–1592 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lacroix, L. Archambault, L. Gingras, M. Guillot, A. S. Beddar, and L. Beaulieu, “Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications,” Med. Phys.35(8), 3682–3690 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.-M. Frelin, J.-M. Fontbonne, G. Ban, J. Colin, M. Labalme, A. Batalla, A. Isambert, A. Vela, and T. Leroux, “Spectral discrimination of Cerenkov radiation in scintillating dosimeters,” Med. Phys.32(9), 3000–3006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A

B. Lee, K. W. Jang, D. H. Cho, W. J. Yoo, G. R. Tack, S. C. Chung, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Measurements and elimination of Cherenkov light in fiber-optic scintillating detector for electron beam therapy dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A579(1), 344–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Med. Biol.

A. S. Beddar, T. R. Mackie, and F. H. Attix, “Cerenkov light generated in optical fibres and other light pipes irradiated by electron beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.37(4), 925–935 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lambert, Y. Yin, D. R. McKenzie, S. Law, and N. Suchowerska, “Cerenkov-free scintillation dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy with an air core light guide,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(11), 3071–3080 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Clift, R. A. Sutton, and D. V. Webb, “Water equivalence of plastic organic scintillators in megavoltage radiotherapy bremsstrahlung beams,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(7), 1885–1895 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radiat. Meas.

A. S. Beddar, “Plastic scintillation dosimetry and its application to radiotherapy,” Radiat. Meas.41, S124–S133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry

K.-A. Kim, W. J. Yoo, K. W. Jang, J. Moon, K.-T. Han, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, E.-J. Cha, and B. Lee, “Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry153(3), 294–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel)

W. J. Yoo, J. Moon, K. W. Jang, K.-T. Han, S. H. Shin, D. Jeon, J.-Y. Park, B. G. Park, and B. Lee, “Integral T-shaped phantom-dosimeter system to measure transverse and longitudinal dose distributions simultaneously for stereotactic radiosurgery dosimetry,” Sensors (Basel)12(5), 6404–6414 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

F. M. Khan, The Physics of Radiation Therapy (Williams & Wilkins, 1994), Chap. 14.

T. Watanabe, M. Babzien, K. Kusche, and Y. Yakimenko, “Beam angle measurement using Cherenkov radiation,” in Proceedings of 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, 2005, pp. 3742–3744.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Complete dosimeter probe of the integrated FOD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Internal structure of the dosimeter probe and the subtraction method to obtain pure scintillation and Cerenkov signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup for measuring angular dependence of the integrated FOD system, (b) Measurement of the depth dose distribution.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Variation of the output signals at each CH according to the irradiation angle, (b) Angular dependence of the pure scintillating and Cerenkov light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Depth dose distribution of 6 MeV electron beam obtained by measuring light signals of each CH in the dosimeter probe, (b) Depth dose distribution of 9 MeV electron beam.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of PDD curves for 6 and 9 MeV electron beams.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Cerenkov light generated inside the dosimeter probe, which is inserted at specific depths of a solid water phantom.

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