Abstract

In this paper, we proposed and experimentally demonstrated a novel quasi-balanced detection (QBD) technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) visible light communication (VLC) system. By employing opposite signals to odd and even consecutive symbols, the nonlinearity distortion, and direct current can be eliminated efficiently. Additionally, the sensitivity of receiver can also be improved by 3dB, thus a longer transmission distance and high-order modulation formats can be received. We achieved physical data rate of 2.1-Gb/s enabled by wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM), pre- and post-equalization, and the resulting bit error ratios (BERs) were below the FEC limit of 3.8x10−3. The distance was above 2.5 meters that was long enough for indoor communication. Compared with conventional direct-detection optical (DDO-OFDM) and asymmetrically-clipped optical (ACO-OFDM), the BER can be enhanced by 22.2dB and 20.8dB, respectively, which shows great potential in short range and low cost access network.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, “3.4 Gbit/s visible optical wireless transmission based on RGB LED,” Opt. Express20(26), B501–B506 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, “Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCM-WDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED,” Opt. Express21(1), 1203–1208 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Chi, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, R. Li, and H. Shang, “Application of digital signal processing in high-speed visible-light communication system,” in SPIE OPTO, San Francisco, CA, 86460L, 2013.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2006 (1)

Arbab, V. R.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2006, PDP39.
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, “Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCM-WDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED,” Opt. Express21(1), 1203–1208 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P.

Christen, L. C.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

Corsini, R.

Cossu, G.

Djordjevic, I. B.

Du, L.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2006, PDP39.
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y.

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Khalid, A. M.

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2006, PDP39.
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Shamee, B.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

Shang, H.

Tao, L.

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vasic, B.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, “Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCM-WDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED,” Opt. Express21(1), 1203–1208 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Y. Wang, N. Chi, J. Yu, and H. Shang, “Demonstration of 575-Mb/s downlink and 225-Mb/s uplink bi-directional SCM-WDM visible light communication using RGB LED and phosphor-based LED,” Opt. Express21(1), 1203–1208 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zhang, M.

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (6)

Y. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Fang, L. Tao, and N. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of visible light communication based on sub-carrier multiplexing of multiple-input-single-output OFDM,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC), Busan, 745–746 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Chi, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, R. Li, and H. Shang, “Application of digital signal processing in high-speed visible-light communication system,” in SPIE OPTO, San Francisco, CA, 86460L, 2013.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2006, PDP39.
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Shang, X. Lu, Y. Wang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “875-Mb/s Asynchronous Bi-directional 64QAM-OFDM SCM-WDM Transmission over RGB-LED-based Visible Light Communication System,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, OTh1G.3.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU1.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), San Diego, 2008, OMU2.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of QBD-OFDM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagrams of proposed QBD-OFDM VLC system (CP: cylix prefix; P/S: parallel to serial).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured BERs versus bias voltage.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured BERs versus distance.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of: (a) DDO- (b) ACO- (c) QBD- (d) QBD-ACO-OFDM.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance for different types of OFDM.

Equations (11)

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E 2k1 (t)= m=1 N c m e j2π f m t
E 2k (t)= m=1 N c m e j2π f m t
s 2k1 (t)=( V 0 V a ) e j2π f 0 t +α e j2π( f 0 + f 1 )t · E 2k1 (t)
r 2k1 (t)=( V 0 V a ) e j( 2π( f 0 +Δf)t+ϕ(t) ) +α e j( 2π( f 0 + f 1 +Δf)t+ϕ(t) ) · E 2k1 (t)+ n 0,2k1 (t)
I 2k1 (t)= | r 2k1 (t) | 2 + n r,2k1 (t)= I s,2k1 + I b,2k1 + I nl,2k1 + I n,2k1
I n,2k1 =2αRe{ e j( 2π( f 0 +Δf)t+ϕ(t) ) n 0,2k1 (t) m 1 =1 N c i e j2π f m t }+ | n 0,2k1 (t) | 2 + n r,2k1 (t)+2α( V 0 V a )Re{ e j( 2π f 0 t+ϕ(t) ) n 0,2k1 (t) }
I s,2k1 =2α( V 0 V a )Re{ e j2πΔft m 1 =1 N c i e j2π f m t }
I b,2k1 = | V 0 V a | 2
I nl,2k1 = | α | 2 m 1 =1 N m 2 =1 N m 2 m 1 e ( j2π( f m 1 f m 2 )t )
I 2k (t)= | r 2k (t) | 2 + n r,2k (t)= I s,2k1 + I b,2k1 + I nl,2k1 + I n,2k
I k (t)= I 2k1 (t) I 2k (t)=2 I s,2k1 (t)+{ I n,2k I n,2k1 }

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