Abstract

We report a novel scheme of generating broadly tunable femtosecond mid-IR pulses based on difference frequency mixing the outputs from dual photonic crystal fibers (PCF). With a 1.3 W, 1035 nm, 300 fs and 40 MHz Yb fiber chirped pulse amplifier as the laser source, a PCF with single zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) at the laser wavelength is employed to spectrally broaden a portion of the laser pulses. Facilitated by self-phase modulation, its output spectrum possesses two dominant outermost peaks that can be extended to 970 nm and 1092 nm. A different PCF with two closely spaced ZDWs around the laser wavelength is used to generate the intense Stokes pulses between 1240 – 1260 nm. Frequency mixing the dual PCFs outputs in an AgGaS2 crystal results in mid-IR pulses broadly tunable from 4.2 μm to 9 μm with a maximum average power of 640 µW at 4.5 μm, corresponding to 16 pJ of pulse energy.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.25(1), 25–27 (2000).
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2013 (1)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, “Generation of subpicosecond infrared pulses tunable between 5.2 μm and 18 μm at a repetition rate of 76 MHz,” Appl. Phys. B66(1), 27–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Andersen, P. E.

Andersen, T.

Bang, O.

Bartels, R. A.

Biegert, J.

Cassinerio, M.

Chandalia, J. K.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

Deng, Y.

Diddams, S. A.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ehret, S.

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, “Generation of subpicosecond infrared pulses tunable between 5.2 μm and 18 μm at a repetition rate of 76 MHz,” Appl. Phys. B66(1), 27–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

Erny, C.

Falk, P.

Fermann, M. E.

Frosz, M.

Galzerano, G.

Gambetta, A.

Gatti, D.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Hajialamdari, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

N. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K.

Hansen, K. P.

Hartl, I.

Hegenbarth, R.

Heidt, A. M.

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Isomäki, A.

Johnson, T. A.

Keiding, S.

Keller, U.

Klarskov, P.

Knox, W. H.

Kosinski, S. G.

Kristiansen, R.

Kühlke, D.

Laporta, P.

Larsen, J.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Liu, X.

Lu, F.

Marangoni, M.

Mølmer, K.

Moutzouris, K.

Neely, T. W.

Nielsen, C.

Paulsen, H.

Picqué, N.

N. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

Ranka, J. K.

Ruehl, A.

Sarkisov, S.

Schliesser, N.

N. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

Schneider, H.

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, “Generation of subpicosecond infrared pulses tunable between 5.2 μm and 18 μm at a repetition rate of 76 MHz,” Appl. Phys. B66(1), 27–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Stentz, A. J.

Strickland, D.

Windeler, R. S.

Winters, D. G.

Xu, C.

Yao, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, “Generation of subpicosecond infrared pulses tunable between 5.2 μm and 18 μm at a repetition rate of 76 MHz,” Appl. Phys. B66(1), 27–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (10)

A. Gambetta, N. Coluccelli, M. Cassinerio, D. Gatti, P. Laporta, G. Galzerano, and M. Marangoni, “Milliwatt-level frequency combs in the 8-14 μm range via difference frequency generation from an Er:fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett.38(7), 1155–1157 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Winters, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Subpicosecond fiber-based soliton-tuned mid-infrared source in the 9.7-14.9 microm wavelength region,” Opt. Lett.35(13), 2179–2181 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Neely, T. A. Johnson, and S. A. Diddams, “High-power broadband laser source tunable from 3.0 μm to 4.4 μm based on a femtosecond Yb:fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4020–4022 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Gambetta, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, K. S. E. Eikema, and M. Marangoni, “Widely-tunable mid-infrared frequency comb source based on difference frequency generation,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2232–2234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hegenbarth, A. Steinmann, S. Sarkisov, and H. Giessen, “Milliwatt-level mid-infrared (10.5-16.5 μm) difference frequency generation with a femtosecond dual-signal-wavelength optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.37(17), 3513–3515 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hajialamdari and D. Strickland, “Tunable mid-infrared source from an ultrafast two-color Yb:fiber chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37(17), 3570–3572 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, “Mid-infrared difference-frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 microm from a compact fiber source,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1138–1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gambetta, R. Ramponi, and M. Marangoni, “Mid-infrared optical combs from a compact amplified Er-doped fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett.33(22), 2671–2673 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.25(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett.26(6), 358–360 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

http://www.nktphotonics.com/files/files/SC-5.0-1040-081020.pdf .

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th Edition (Academic Press, 2006).

J. C. Travers, M. H. Frosz, and J. M. Dudley, “Nonlinear fibre optics overview,” in Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers, J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-infrared laser applications in spectroscopy solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources I. Sorokina, and K. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2003).

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