Abstract

We experimentally explore the fluorescent spectrum of the Nd:YAP crystal to manifest the feasibility of tunable single- and multi-wavelength operations in the 4F3/24I11/2 transition. An intracavity etalon is subsequently exploited to effectively select spectral lines at 1073, 1080, and 1084 nm with the tunabilities of 0.56, 1.13, and 0.1 nm, respectively. We also experimentally obtain multi-wavelength oscillations among various intermanifold lines in the Nd:YAP crystal with the output powers on the order of several watts for each group. Employing the Cr4+:YAG crystal to realize the passively Q-switched operation, the maximum average output powers as high as 2.3 and 3.5 W for 1073 and 1080 nm are obtained. The corresponding pulse energies at 1073 and 1080 nm are up to 177 and 159 μJ, respectively.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Weber and T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.42(12), 4996–5005 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 576–579 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Wu, P. B. Phua, and K. S. Lai, “Linearly polarized 100-W output from a diode-pumped Nd:YAlO laser,” Appl. Opt.39(3), 431–434 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Schearer and M. Leduc, “Tuning characteristics and new laser lines in an Nd:YAP CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 756–758 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Hanson and P. Poirier, “Multiple-wavelength operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B12(7), 1311–1315 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. D. Schearer and P. Tin, “Tunable lasers at 1080 nm for helium optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.68(3), 943–949 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. P. Huang, C. Y. Cho, Y. J. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1086 nm and 1089 nm,” Opt. Express20(5), 5644–5651 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

Y. P. Huang, C. Y. Cho, Y. J. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1086 nm and 1089 nm,” Opt. Express20(5), 5644–5651 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Hanson and P. Poirier, “Multiple-wavelength operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B12(7), 1311–1315 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

L. D. Schearer and P. Tin, “Tunable lasers at 1080 nm for helium optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.68(3), 943–949 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

L. Schearer and M. Leduc, “Tuning characteristics and new laser lines in an Nd:YAP CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 756–758 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 576–579 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber and T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.42(12), 4996–5005 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aminov, L. K.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

Andringa, K.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Boquillon, J. P.

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boucher, M.

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cahn, S. B.

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chambon, B.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. D.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cho, C. Y.

Comperchio, E.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

De Mauro, C.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Natale, P.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Descroix, E.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Doury, J.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y. M.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Farge, P.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, N.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Garvan, A.

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Georgiou, E.

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giusfredi, G.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guillet, H.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagel, G.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanson, F.

Hanson, J. C.

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. C.

G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. J.

Huang, Y. P.

Inguscio, M.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, A. O.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

Kokta, M. R.

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lai, K. S.

Laporte, P.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leduc, M.

L. Schearer and M. Leduc, “Tuning characteristics and new laser lines in an Nd:YAP CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 756–758 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lippincott, W. H.

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mareschal, J.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mashhadi, L.

G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Massey, G. A.

G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 576–579 (1971).
[CrossRef]

McKinsey, D. N.

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mochalov, I. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

Monchamp, R. R.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Musset, O.

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nikkel, J. A.

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pastor, P. C.

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelenc, D.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phua, P. B.

Poirier, P.

Qiu, G.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rellergert, W. G.

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riesbeck, T.

X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, J. Y.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

Schearer, L.

L. Schearer and M. Leduc, “Tuning characteristics and new laser lines in an Nd:YAP CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 756–758 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schearer, L. D.

L. D. Schearer and P. Tin, “Tunable lasers at 1080 nm for helium optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.68(3), 943–949 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shayeganrad, G.

G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, E. F.

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tin, P.

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. D. Schearer and P. Tin, “Tunable lasers at 1080 nm for helium optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.68(3), 943–949 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vandiver, R.

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Varitimos, T. E.

M. J. Weber and T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.42(12), 4996–5005 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wan, X.

X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. Y.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber and T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.42(12), 4996–5005 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. D.

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, R.

Yarborough, J. M.

G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 576–579 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. Y.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Shayeganrad, Y. C. Huang, and L. Mashhadi, “Tunable single and multiwavelength continuous-wave c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B108(1), 67–72 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 576–579 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Schearer and M. Leduc, “Tuning characteristics and new laser lines in an Nd:YAP CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 756–758 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

L. D. Schearer and P. Tin, “Tunable lasers at 1080 nm for helium optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.68(3), 943–949 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Stephens, R. Vandiver, P. Tin, and M. R. Kokta, “Continuous-wave operation and tuning characteristics of Nd:LuAlO3 at 1083 nm for 3He and 4He optical pumping,” J. Appl. Phys.78(5), 3543–3545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber and T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.42(12), 4996–5005 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

X. Wan, T. Riesbeck, and H. J. Eichler, “Tunable single frequency microchip Nd:YAP MOPA laser operating at 1.08 μm,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, W. D. Chen, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-power LD end-pumped intra-cavity Nd:YAlO3/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator emitting at 1562 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(10), 703–706 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Boucher, O. Musset, J. P. Boquillon, and E. Georgiou, “Multiwatt CW diode end-pumped Nd:YAP laser at 1.08 and 1.34 μm: influence of Nd doping level,” Opt. Commun.212(1–3), 139–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater.8(1–2), 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. C. Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, “Absolute frequency measurements of the 23S1→23P 0,1,2 atomic helium transitions around 1083 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(2), 023001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. G. Rellergert, S. B. Cahn, A. Garvan, J. C. Hanson, W. H. Lippincott, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Detection and imaging of He2 molecules in superfluid helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. D. Wright, S. B. Cahn, J. A. Nikkel, and D. N. McKinsey, “Metastable helium molecules as tracers in superfluid 4He,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(23), 235301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, I. V. Mochalov, L. K. Aminov, and A. O. Ivanov, “Anisotropy of spectroscopic characteristics in the biaxial YAlO3-Nd3+ laser crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi51(2), 509–520 (1979) (a).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Room-temperature fluorescent spectrum for the light polarized parallel to the c axis of an 1.0 at. % b-cut Nd:YAP crystal. (b) Configuration of the cavity setup for the tunable diode-pumped Nd:YAP laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Output powers at 1073, 1080, 1084 nm with respect to the incident pump power at 803 nm; Output spectra for (b) 1080 nm, (c) 1073 nm, and (d) 1084 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning ranges of the Nd:YAP laser for (a) 1073 nm, (b) 1080 nm, and (c) 1084 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra of the multi-wavelength Nd:YAP laser obtained with the groups of (a) (1072.78, 1080.44) nm, (b) (1073.45, 1084.11) nm, (c) (1078.96, 1084.20) nm, and (d) 1073.45, 1078.92, 1084.11) nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependences of the (a) output power, (b) pulse width, (c) pulse repetition rate, (d) pulse energy, and (e) peak power, on the incident pump power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pulse trains of the passively Q-switched Nd:YAP laser in the single-wavelength operations at (a) 1073 nm, and (b) 1080 nm, and (c) dual-wavelength operation at 1073 and 1080 nm; (a')-(c') Temporal behaviors in small time scale corresponding to the cases (a)-(c).

Equations (2)

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T= ( 1R ) 2 ( 1R ) 2 +4R sin 2 ( 2πLncos( θ ) λ ) .
λ peak = 2Lncos( θ ) m .

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