Abstract

An all-optical AND logic gate in a single silicon microring resonator is experimentally demonstrated at 10 Gb/s with 50% RZ-OOK signals. By setting the wavelengths of two intensity-modulated input pumps on the resonances of the microring resonator, field-enhanced four-wave mixing with a total input power of only 8.5 dBm takes place in the ring, resulting in the generation of an idler whose intensity follows the logic operation between the pumps. Clear and open eye diagrams with a bit-error- ratio below 10−9 are achieved.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

2010 (3)

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, R. Q. Ji, L. X. Jia, L. Yang, P. Zhou, Y. H. Tian, P. Chen, Y. Y. Lu, Z. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Liu, Q. Fang, and M. B. Yu, “Demonstration of directed XOR/XNOR logic gates using two cascaded microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1620–1622 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ye, C. S. Yan, Y. Y. Lu, F. F. Liu, and Y. K. Su, “All-optical regenerative NRZ-to-RZ format conversion using coupled ring-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15325–15331 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (6)

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3303–3321 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. L. Cai, D. X. Huang, and X. L. Zhang, “Numerical analysis of polarization splitter based on vertically coupled microring resonator,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11304–11311 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abedin, K.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aguinaldo, R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Berrettini, G.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bogoni, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Byun, Y. T.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cai, X. L.

Calhoun, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Canciamilla, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. R.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, paper 3.3.7 (2009).

Chen, P.

Chipouras, A.

Christian H Mulvad, H.

Demokan, M. S.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Densmore, A.

Dumon, P.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fang, Q.

Fejer, M. M.

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, C.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, W. M. J.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. T.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Homma, H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, D. X.

Huh, J. H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[Crossref]

Husko, C.

Hvam, J. M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Janz, S.

Jeon, Y. M.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jeppesen, P.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, H.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ji, R. Q.

Jia, L. X.

Jiang, Z. Y.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kanakaraju, S.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

Kim, J. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kumar, R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuo, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

Liang, T.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15(3), 924–929 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D. M.

Liu, F. F.

Liu, L.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. L.

Lu, Y. Y.

Lui, L.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

Maeda, Y.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[Crossref]

Malacarne, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Melloni, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikroulis, S.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, T.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mookherjea, S.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morichetti, F.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morita, H.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moses, B.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moss, D. J.

Nakayama, H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nunes, L.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ong, J. R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[Crossref]

Osgood, R. M.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ou, H. Y.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelusi, M.

Peucheret, C.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pleros, N.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Poti, L.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pu, M.

Pu, M. H.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, paper 3.3.7 (2009).

Qureshi, K. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rochette, M.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, paper 3.3.7 (2009).

Roditi, E.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[Crossref]

Saini, S. S.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Salem, R.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samarelli, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shoji, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[Crossref]

Simi, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[Crossref]

Simmons, J. M.

Simos, H.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Y. K.

Sun, J. Q.

Sun, K.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, paper 3.3.7 (2009).

Sun, Q. Z.

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, and J. Q. Sun, “All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12555–12563 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y. H.

Tsang, H.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsuchiya, M.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[Crossref]

Turner, A. C.

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y. A.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vo, T. D.

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Wang, D. L.

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[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, and J. Q. Sun, “All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12555–12563 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
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Wang, Y.

Watanabe, T.

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S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
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Yvind, K.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
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Zhang, L.

Zhang, X. F.

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. L.

Zhou, P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

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T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
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[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(3), 211–213 (2008).
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S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
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Nat Commun (1)

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun 2, 296 (2011).
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M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
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Opt. Express (10)

F. Li, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, R. Ma, S. Janz, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Moss, “All-optical wavelength conversion for 10 Gb/s DPSK signals in a silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22410–22416 (2011).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the AND logic gate. (a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) picture of the top view of the MRR. (b) Spectra of the input RZ-OOK signals and transmission function of the MRR. (c) Spectra of the output RZ-OOK signals along with the converted AND idlers. (d) Truth table of the AND logic gate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for AND logic gate demonstration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission function of the MRR; inset: detail around the MRR resonance coinciding with one of the signals (represented using a linear scale). Measured spectra of (b) the two input RZ-OOK signals, (c) the output from the MRR, and (d) the output from the WG. The resolution bandwidth is 0.01 nm for all spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse traces of (a) input RZ-OOK signal at 1550.97 nm, (b) input RZ-OOK signal at 1552.70 nm, (c) AND logic output idler from the MRR at 1554.44 nm, (d) AND logic output idler from the WG at 1554.44 nm, and their corresponding eye diagrams (e)-(h).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER measurements for the input RZ-OOK signal at 1550.97 nm (black) and at 1552.70 nm (purple), as well as for the AND logic idler generated in the MRR (red) and WG (blue) at 1554.44 nm.

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