Abstract

We report on the generation of ultrabroadband supercontinuum (SC) by filamentation of two optical-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm in fused silica, sapphire, CaF2 and YAG. The SC spectra extend from 450 nm to more than 2500 nm, and their particular shapes depend on dispersive properties of the materials. Prior to spectral super-broadening, we observe third-harmonic generation, which occurs in the condition of large phase and group velocity mismatch and consists of free and driven components. A double-peaked third-harmonic structure coexists with the SC pulse as demonstrated by the numerical simulations and verified experimentally. The SC pulses have stable carrier envelope phase with short-term rms fluctuations of ∼ 300 mrad, as simultaneously measured in YAG crystal by f-2f and f-3f interferometry, where the latter makes use of intrinsic third-harmonic generation.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. The Supercontinuum Laser Source, 2nd ed., R. R. Alfano, ed. (SpringerNY, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtoseconmd filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441, 47–189 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16, 637–650 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Nagura, A. Suda, H. Kawano, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation and characterization of ultrafst white-light continuum in condensed media,” Appl. Opt.41, 3735–3742 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. D. Moll and A. Gaeta, “Role of dispersion in multiple collapse dynamics,” Opt. Lett.29, 995–997 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. E. Schrauth, B. Shim, A. D. Slepkov, L. T. Vuong, A. L. Gaeta, N. Gavish, and G. Fibich, “Pulse splitting in the anomalous group-velocity-dispersion regime,” Opt. Express19, 9309–9314 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express13, 10729–10741 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 μ m,” Opt. Express13, 5731–5738 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. L. Naudeau, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, and S. M. Cameron, “Observation of nonlinear optical phenomena in air and fused silica using a 100 GW, 1.54 μ m source,” Opt. Express14, 6194–6200 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first order scattering processes,” Opt. Lett.32, 2816–2818 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  30. E. Schulz, D. S. Steingrube, T. Vockerodt, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “Gradient enhanced third harmonic generation in a femtosecond filament,” Opt. Lett.36, 4389–4391 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. Mao, Y. Wu, and K. D. Singer, “Third harmonic generation in self-focused filaments in liquids,” Opt. Express15, 4857–4862 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. J. Darginavičius, N. Garejev, and A. Dubietis, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable two optical-cycle pulses at 2 μ m from a noncollinear beta-barium borate optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 4805–4807 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC PressNY, 2003).
  34. M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).
  35. D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  36. D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  37. A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  39. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  40. G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  41. M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. E70, 036604 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  42. M. B. Gaarde and A. Couairon, “Intensity spikes in laser filamentation: diagnostics and application,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 043901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  44. W. F. Krupke, M. D. Shinn, J. E. Marion, J. A. Caird, and S. E. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermo-mechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B3, 102–114 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  45. A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  46. L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).
  47. D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Darginavičius, N. Garejev, and A. Dubietis, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable two optical-cycle pulses at 2 μ m from a noncollinear beta-barium borate optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 4805–4807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Schulz, D. S. Steingrube, T. Vockerodt, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, and M. Kovačev, “Gradient enhanced third harmonic generation in a femtosecond filament,” Opt. Lett.36, 4389–4391 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Schrauth, B. Shim, A. D. Slepkov, L. T. Vuong, A. L. Gaeta, N. Gavish, and G. Fibich, “Pulse splitting in the anomalous group-velocity-dispersion regime,” Opt. Express19, 9309–9314 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

M. B. Gaarde and A. Couairon, “Intensity spikes in laser filamentation: diagnostics and application,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 043901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Mao, Y. Wu, and K. D. Singer, “Third harmonic generation in self-focused filaments in liquids,” Opt. Express15, 4857–4862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first order scattering processes,” Opt. Lett.32, 2816–2818 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtoseconmd filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Naudeau, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, and S. M. Cameron, “Observation of nonlinear optical phenomena in air and fused silica using a 100 GW, 1.54 μ m source,” Opt. Express14, 6194–6200 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 μ m,” Opt. Express13, 5731–5738 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express13, 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. D. Moll and A. Gaeta, “Role of dispersion in multiple collapse dynamics,” Opt. Lett.29, 995–997 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. E70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nagura, A. Suda, H. Kawano, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation and characterization of ultrafst white-light continuum in condensed media,” Appl. Opt.41, 3735–3742 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16, 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Abdollahpour, D.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akozbek, N.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Austin, D. R.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averchi, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Baudelet, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Baudisch, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bertolotti, M.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binhammer, T.

Bloembergen, N.

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bradler, M.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bragheri, F.

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, E.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Caird, J. A.

Calderón, O. G.

A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cameron, S. M.

Centini, M.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chekalin, S. V.

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. H.

A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 μ m,” Opt. Express13, 5731–5738 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16, 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clerici, M.

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corti, T.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Gaarde and A. Couairon, “Intensity spikes in laser filamentation: diagnostics and application,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 043901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtoseconmd filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Darginavicius, J.

de Ceglia, D.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DeCusatis, C.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Degiorgio, V.

Di Trapani, P.

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dormidonov, A. E.

Dubietis, A.

J. Darginavičius, N. Garejev, and A. Dubietis, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable two optical-cycle pulses at 2 μ m from a noncollinear beta-barium borate optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 4805–4807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Durand, M.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Durécu, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, J.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Faccio, D.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fibich, G.

Forestier, B.

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Forget, N.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde and A. Couairon, “Intensity spikes in laser filamentation: diagnostics and application,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 043901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Garejev, N.

Gavish, N.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grabielle, S.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Haus, J. W.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houard, A.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, A.

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarnac, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jedrkiewicz, O.

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jukna, V.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, H.

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Kolesik, M.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first order scattering processes,” Opt. Lett.32, 2816–2818 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express13, 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. E70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kompanets, V. O.

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kono, J.

A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kortsalioudakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kovacev, M.

Krupke, W. F.

Kucinskas, E.

Lakshminarayanan, V.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Law, R. J.

Li, G.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Li, R.

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lotti, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Luo, Q.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, C.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Mahajan, V.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Majus, D.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mao, G.

Marion, J. E.

Matijosius, A.

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McKee, E.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Mlejnek, M.

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

Moloney, J. V.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first order scattering processes,” Opt. Lett.32, 2816–2818 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express13, 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. E70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moustaizis, S. D.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtoseconmd filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nagura, C.

Naudeau, M. L.

Nelson, T. R.

Obara, M.

Papadogiannis, A. A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Papazoglou, D. G.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, R.

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Porras, M. A.

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, A. Matijosius, R. Piskarskas, F. Bragheri, A. Averchi, and P. Di Trapani, “Characterization of conical emission of light filaments in media with anomalous dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 581–584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, E. Kučinskas, F. Bragheri, V. Degiorgio, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “From X- to O-shaped spatiotemporal spectra of light filaments in water,” Opt. Lett.30, 3398–3400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramírez-Góngora, O. de J.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roppo, V.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubino, E.

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Scalora, M.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schrauth, S. E.

Schulz, E.

Shim, B.

Shinn, M. D.

Sibilia, C.

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singer, K. D.

Slepkov, A. D.

Smetanina, E. O.

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett.38, 16–18 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Steingrube, D. S.

Stokowski, S. E.

Suda, A.

Sudrie, L.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suntsov, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatarakis, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thai, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Efficient third-harmonic generation through tailored IR femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Express17, 3190–3195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vakakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Van Stryland, E.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Vockerodt, T.

Vuong, L. T.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC PressNY, 2003).

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation accompanying optical filamentation as first order scattering processes,” Opt. Lett.32, 2816–2818 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Interpretation of the spectrally resolved far field of femtosecond pulses propagating in bulk nonlinear dispersive media,” Opt. Express13, 10729–10741 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

Xu, Z.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (5)

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μ J pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B77, 177–183 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrabroadband continuum generated in air (down to 230 nm) using ultrashort and intense laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B80, 221–225 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B80, 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, “Simulation of third harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B85, 531–538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics (1)

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. de J. Ramírez-Góngora, and M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics199, 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Commun. (1)

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Liu, M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Forestier, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Efficient generation of third harmonic radiation in air filaments: A revisit,” Opt. Commun.284, 4706–4713 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtoseconmd filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A74, 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A87, 043820 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Suntsov, D. Abdollahpour, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility,” Phys. Rev. A81, 033817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Roppo, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, D. de Ceglia, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, M. J. Bloemer, C. M. Bowden, J. W. Haus, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, “Role of phase matching in pulsed second-harmonic generation: Walk-off and phase-locked twin pulses in negative-index media,” Phys. Rev. A76, 033829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Valiulis, V. Jukna, O. Jedrkiewicz, M. Clerici, E. Rubino, and P. Di Trapani, “Propagation dynamics and X-pulse formation in phase-mismatched second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A83, 043834 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B71, 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. E70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Matijosius, F. Bragheri, M. A. Porras, A. Piskarskas, and P. Di Trapani, “Competition between phase-matching and stationarity in Kerr-driven optical pulse filamentation,” Phys. Rev. E74, 047603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

D. Faccio, M. A. Porras, A. Dubietis, F. Bragheri, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, “Conical emission, pulse splitting, and X-wave parametric amplification in nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96,193901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde and A. Couairon, “Intensity spikes in laser filamentation: diagnostics and application,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 043901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, and N. Bloembergen, “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses at the boundary of a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 2934–2937 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 143901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. Chin, O. G. Calderón, and J. Kono, “Extreme midinfrared nonlinear optics in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 3292–3295 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in the anomalous dispersion region of transparent solids: a new regime of filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110, 115003 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

S. V. Chekalin, V. O. Kompanets, E. O. Smetanina, and V. P. Kandidov, “Light bullets and supercontinuum spectrum during femtosecond pulse filamentation under conditions of anomalous group-velocity dispersion in fused silica,” Quantum Electron.43, 326–331 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Other (3)

The Supercontinuum Laser Source, 2nd ed., R. R. Alfano, ed. (SpringerNY, 2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC PressNY, 2003).

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Van Stryland, Handbook of Optics, Vol. 4, 3rd Ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Group velocity dispersion of fused silica, sapphire, CaF2 [33] and YAG [34].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SC spectra generated in (a) fused silica, (b) sapphire, (c) CaF2, (d) YAG. The dashed and solid curves represent SC spectra in the transient and saturation regimes of the spectral broadening, respectively. Curve labels stand for the input-pulse energy. Images on the right side show the corresponding far-field patterns of the SC emission in the visible range, recorded in the saturated regime of the spectral broadening.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) TH spectrum in YAG (shown in linear intensity scale) as averaged over 1000 laser shots and (b) variation of interference fringes over time. (c) and (d) show statistics of the retrieved phase jitter between free and driven TH pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of experimentally measured (blue curves) and numerically simulated (red curves) angle-integrated spectra in YAG in (a) transient and (b) saturated regimes of spectral broadening.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Angularly resolved spectra in YAG in the transient (a) and saturated (c) regimes of spectral broadening. Insets show enlarged portions of the spectra, so as to highlight modulation around TH spectral range. (b) and (d) show the respective normalized temporal profiles of the pump (black curves) and TH (red curves) pulses after spectral filtering. Additional arrows in (d) indicate driven (on the left) and free (on the right) TH pulses in the regime of spectral superbroadening.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Visible and near-infrared part of the SC generated in (a) fused silica and (b) YAG. In (a) red and blue curves show the stand-alone TH and filtered part of the SC blue peak, respectively. In (b) black and red curves denote angle-integrated and filtered SC spectra, respectively. Note linear and logarithmic scales used for data in fused silica and YAG, respectively, and emerging modulation in the filtered SC spectra as due to spectral beating between SC and TH in the regime of spectral superbroadening.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Setup for simultaneous measurement of f-3f and f-2f interferograms. See text for details.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measurement of CEP fluctuations of the SC pulse: (a) spectrogram averaged from 1000 single-shot spectra, (b) variation of f-2f and f-3f interference patterns in time, (c) Power spectrum of the spectrogram around 660 nm, which is shown enlarged in the inset.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ^ ( z , ω , r ) z = i [ k ( ω ) ω / v g ] E ^ + i 2 k ( ω ) 2 E ^ + 1 2 ε 0 c n ( ω ) [ i ω P ^ ( z , ω , r ) J ^ ( z , ω , r ) ] ,
ρ t = W ( E ) ( 1 ρ ρ b ) + σ U i ρ E 2 ,
J e t + J e τ c = q e 2 m e ρ E ( z , t , r ) ,
J a = ε 0 c n 0 W ( E ) E 2 U i ( 1 ρ / ρ b ) E ,

Metrics