Abstract

A novel planar plasmonic metamaterial for electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light characteristic is presented in this paper, which consists of nanoring and nanorod compound structures. Two bright modes in the metamaterial are induced by the electric dipole resonance inside nanoring and nanorod, respectively. The coupling between two bright modes introduces transparency window and large group index. By adjusting the geometric parameters of metamaterial structure, the transmittance of EIT window at 385 THz is about 60%, and the corresponding group index and Q factor can reach up to 1.2 × 103 and 97, respectively, which has an important application in slow-light device, active plasmonic switch, SERS and optical sensing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (5)

2012 (4)

2011 (10)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(14), 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, S. Darmawan, L. Y. M. Tobing, T. Mei, and D. H. Zhang, “Coupled resonator-induced transparency in ring-bus-ring Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(1), 28–36 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Dai, Y. Liu, and C. Jiang, “Plasmonic-dielectric compound grating with high group-index and transmission,” Opt. Express19(2), 1461–1469 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmon-induced transparency with detuned ultracompact Fabry-Perot resonators in integrated plasmonic devices,” Opt. Express19(4), 3251–3257 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, P. Wang, C. Chen, Y. Lu, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic EIT-like switching in bright-dark-bright plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express19(7), 5970–5978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Liu, Z. Yang, R. P. Liu, and X. Y. Li, “Plasmonic-induced optical transparency in the near-infrared and visible range with double split nanoring cavity,” Opt. Express19(16), 15363–15370 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Y. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, and Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin and P. A. Morton, “Tunable wideband optical delay line based on balanced coupled resonator structures,” Opt. Lett.34(17), 2655–2657 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50(7), 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albrektsen, O.

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, J. M.

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmon-induced transparency with detuned ultracompact Fabry-Perot resonators in integrated plasmonic devices,” Opt. Express19(4), 3251–3257 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, G.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J. X.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, C. K.

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, H.-T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Cheong, H. S.

Dai, L.

Darmawan, S.

Ding, P.

Dong, Z. G.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, C. Z.

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, J. H.

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50(7), 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J. N.

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, J.

Huang, R.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(14), 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Imamolu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, W. H.

Jiang, C.

Jin, X. R.

Kästel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kim, K. W.

Kravtsov, V.

Lai, Y. C.

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. P.

Li, H.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Y.

Li, Z.

Liang, E. J.

Liu, H.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, R. P.

Liu, S. D.

Liu, X.

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Gain-assisted trapping of light in tapered plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett.38(4), 558–560 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Lu, Y.

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mei, T.

Meng, F. Y.

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, C.

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(14), 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

Morton, P. A.

Nielsen, M. G.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

Paspalakis, E.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pors, A.

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raschke, M. B.

Rhee, J. Y.

Singh, R.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tobing, L. Y. M.

Veronis, G.

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(14), 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vitanov, N. V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Wang, J. Q.

Wang, P.

Wang, S. M.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willatzen, M.

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Xu, H.

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Q. Z.

Yang, Y.

Yang, Y. H.

Yang, Z.

Yannopapas, V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yen, T. J.

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, D. H.

Zhang, S.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Zheng, H. Y.

Zhu, L.

Zhu, S. N.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 114101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Subwavelength slow-light waveguides based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(14), 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett.10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Commun (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat Commun3, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater.8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, “Optical transparency by detuned electrical dipoles,” New J. Phys.13(2), 023034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

L. Dai, Y. Liu, and C. Jiang, “Plasmonic-dielectric compound grating with high group-index and transmission,” Opt. Express19(2), 1461–1469 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmon-induced transparency with detuned ultracompact Fabry-Perot resonators in integrated plasmonic devices,” Opt. Express19(4), 3251–3257 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, P. Wang, C. Chen, Y. Lu, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Plasmonic EIT-like switching in bright-dark-bright plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express19(7), 5970–5978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Liu, Z. Yang, R. P. Liu, and X. Y. Li, “Plasmonic-induced optical transparency in the near-infrared and visible range with double split nanoring cavity,” Opt. Express19(16), 15363–15370 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Y. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhu, F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, Q. Wu, and J. Hua, “Multi-band slow light metamaterial,” Opt. Express20(4), 4494–4502 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Chen, Y. C. Lai, Y. H. Yang, C. Y. Chen, and T. J. Yen, “Inducing transparency with large magnetic response and group indices by hybrid dielectric metamaterials,” Opt. Express20(7), 6952–6960 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Q. Wang, C. Z. Fan, J. N. He, P. Ding, E. J. Liang, and Q. Z. Xue, “Double Fano resonances due to interplay of electric and magnetic plasmon modes in planar plasmonic structure with high sensing sensitivity,” Opt. Express21(2), 2236–2244 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, and Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. Xu, H. Li, Z. Liu, G. Cao, C. Wu, and X. Peng, “Plasmonic EIT switching in ellipsoid tripod structures,” Opt. Mater.35(5), 881–886 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Pors, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Detuned electrical dipoles metamaterial with bianisotropic response,” Phys. Rev. B83(24), 245409 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
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S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-Induced Transparency in Metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic illustration of the Ring/Rod plasmonic metamaterial is composed of a nanoring and a nanorod. (b) Simulated transmission coefficient of a nanoring alone (dotted curve), a nanorod alone (dashed curve), and Ring/Rod (solid curve) structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric field (a-c) and current (d-f) distributions on Ring/Rod structure in the x-y plane at different frequencies. I, II and III indicate the plasmon resonance at 363 THz, 377 THz and 391THz, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated transmission intensity(a), phase(b) and group index (c) spectra with different nanorod length a. (d) the group index and Q factor at EIT window with different a.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The transmission spectra (a) and corresponding group index (b) vs. off-set displacement d.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The transmission spectra (a) and corresponding group index (b) with fixed inner radius r1 = 75 nm and varied outer radius r2; the transmission spectra (c) and corresponding group index (d) with fixed outer radius r2 = 105 nm and varied inner radius r1.

Equations (1)

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n g = c 0 v g = c 0 D τ g = c 0 D dϕ(ω) dω

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