Abstract

Here we show a significant advance in solar-pumped laser beam brightness by utilizing a 1.0 m diameter Fresnel lens and a 3 mm diameter Nd:YAG single-crystal rod. The incoming solar radiation is firstly focused by the Fresnel lens on a solar tracker. A large aspheric lens and a 2D-CPC concentrator are then combined to further compress the concentrated solar radiation along the thin laser rod within a V-shaped pumping cavity. 2.3 W cw TEM00 (M2 ≤ 1.1) solar laser power is finally produced, attaining 1.9 W laser beam brightness figure of merit, which is 6.6 times higher than the previous record. For multimode operation, 8.1 W cw laser power is produced, corresponding to 143% enhancement in collection efficiency.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. G. Young, “A sun-pumped cw one-watt laser,” Appl. Opt.5(6), 993–997 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Highly efficient solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express19(27), 26399–26405 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and an Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2670–2672 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt.51(26), 6382–6388 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. T. Welford and R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic Press, 1989).
  12. J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5327–5333 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (4)

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and an Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt.51(26), 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2007 (1)

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Almeida, J.

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt.51(26), 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Highly efficient solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express19(27), 26399–26405 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arashi, H.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Baasandash, C.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Behgol, B.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Daito, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dinh, T. H.

Dobrusin, V.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fang, D.

D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
[CrossRef]

Funatsu, T.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guillot, E.

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ishigame, M.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, J.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaimai, A.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kuboyama, H.

Lando, M.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, D.

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Design of ultrahigh brightness solar-pumped disk laser,” Appl. Opt.51(26), 6382–6388 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Highly efficient solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express19(27), 26399–26405 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linyekin, B.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
[CrossRef]

Mabuti, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Motokoshi, S.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, Y.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohkubo, T.

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and an Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oishi, T.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oka, Y.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Oyama, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sasahara, N.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shwartz, J.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, S.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. H.

D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
[CrossRef]

Weksler, M.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yabe, T.

T. H. Dinh, T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, and H. Kuboyama, “120 watt continuous wave solar-pumped laser with a liquid light-guide lens and an Nd:YAG rod,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2670–2672 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young, C. G.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Almeida and D. Liang, “Design of a high-brightness solar-pumped laser by light-guides,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5327–5333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun.222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

J. Almeida, D. Liang, and E. Guillot, “Improvement in solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser beam brightness,” Opt. Laser Technol.44(7), 2115–2119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

D. Fang, X. H. Wang, F. Wang, and S. Liu, “Highly efficient side-pumped solar laser,” in 2012 International Conference on Optoelectronics and Microelectronics (IEEE, 2012), 95–98.
[CrossRef]

W. T. Welford and R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic Press, 1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The solar-pumped TEM00 mode Nd:YAG laser system (b) The laser head.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detailed 3D view of the solar laser head.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of (a) laser power, (b) M2 factor and (c) brightness figure of merit on resonator length L1 is measured.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured output laser 2D (a), 3D (b) beam profiles, 40 mm away from the output coupler.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

arctanθ=( ϕ 2 ϕ 1 ) / 2L
M 2 =θ/ θ 0
Brightness figure of merit= P Laser / M x 2 M y 2

Metrics