Abstract

There has been an increasing interest in the application of terahertz (THz) waves to broadband wireless communications. In particular, use of frequencies above 275 GHz is one of the strong concerns among radio scientists and engineers, because these frequency bands have not yet been allocated at specific active services, and there is a possibility to employ extremely large bandwidths for ultra-broadband wireless communications. Introduction of photonics technologies for signal generation, modulation and detection is effective not only to enhance the bandwidth and/or the data rate, but also to combine fiber-optic (wired) and wireless networks. This paper reviews recent progress in THz wireless communications using telecom-based photonics technologies towards 100 Gbit/s.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (4)

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/sdata over 80 km fiber and 2×2multiple-input multiple-output wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37(24), 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, Y. Yasumura, and K. Kitayama, “Optical and millimeter-wave radio seamless MIMO transmission based on a radio over fiber technology,” Opt. Express20(28), 29395–29403 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (8)

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

T. Nagatsuma, H.-J. Song, and Y. Kado, “Challenges for ultrahigh speed wireless communications using terahertz waves,” J. Terahertz Sci. Technol.3, 55–65 (2010).

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys.107(11), 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Nagatsuma, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “High-power RF photodiodes and their applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.3(1-2), 123–137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Abbott, D. A.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ajito, K.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Akalin, T.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Antes, J.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asada, H.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Bacquet, D.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beck, A.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Borkowski, R.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bunsen, K.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Bunton, J. D.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaivipas, W.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Chang, G. K.

Chi, N.

Deng, L.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diebold, S.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dogadaev, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, Z.

Dong Kam,

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ducournau, G.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Duixian Liu,

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dyadyuk, V.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Federici, J.

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys.107(11), 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Floyd, B.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, T.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hara, N.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, A.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hosako, I.

Huang,

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iai, N.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ikegawa, H.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inada, T.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, K.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishibashi, T.

T. Nagatsuma, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “High-power RF photodiodes and their applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.3(1-2), 123–137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

T. Nagatsuma, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “High-power RF photodiodes and their applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.3(1-2), 123–137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ito, S.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Jacob, M.

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jastrow, C.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jie-Wei Lai, Y.-L. O.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kado, Y.

T. Nagatsuma, H.-J. Song, and Y. Kado, “Challenges for ultrahigh speed wireless communications using terahertz waves,” J. Terahertz Sci. Technol.3, 55–65 (2010).

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kallfass, I.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, A.

Karinou, F.

Kawanishi, T.

Kawano, Y.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kendall, R.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, S.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosugi, T.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kukutsu, N.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuri, T.

Kürner, T.

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, F.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lampin, J. F.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leuther, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Lopez-Diaz, D.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Makiyama, K.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Massler, H.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matsushita, K.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Matsuzawa, A.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Minami, R.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Ming-Da Tsai, J.-H. C.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, L.

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys.107(11), 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morohashi, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Münter, K.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, R.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Muramoto, Y.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Musa, A.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Nagatsuma, T.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Nagatsuma, H.-J. Song, and Y. Kado, “Challenges for ultrahigh speed wireless communications using terahertz waves,” J. Terahertz Sci. Technol.3, 55–65 (2010).

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Nagatsuma, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “High-power RF photodiodes and their applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.3(1-2), 123–137 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakasha, Y.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, A.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nicolson,

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ning, L.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Nishikawa, H.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noda, M.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Ohki, T.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okabe, S.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okada, K.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Okamoto, K.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pang, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pathikulangara, J.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. S.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peytavit, E.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Piesiewicz, R.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ping-Yu Chen,

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, S.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roubeau, F.

Sakamoto, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Schneider, T.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schoebel, J.

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sevimli, O.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

Shimizu, N.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Nagatsuma, H.-J. Song, and Y. Kado, “Challenges for ultrahigh speed wireless communications using terahertz waves,” J. Terahertz Sci. Technol.3, 55–65 (2010).

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stokes, L.

V. Dyadyuk, J. D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, and D. A. Abbott, “A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2813–2821 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szriftgiser, P.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver for 10-Gb/s impulse radio with an optical-fiber interface,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(12), 3171–3180 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, N.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Takeuchi, Y.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Tessmann, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Togo, H.

A. Hirata, H. Togo, N. Shimizu, H. Takahashi, K. Okamoto, and T. Nagatsuma, “Low-phase noise photonic millimeter-wave generator using an AWG integrated with a 3-dB combiner,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E88-C(7), 1458–1464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Valdes-Garcia, A.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wakatsuki, A.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, H.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Yamaguchi, R.

A. Hirata, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, N. Iai, S. Okabe, S. Kimura, H. Ikegawa, H. Nishikawa, T. Nakayama, and T. Inada, “10-Gbit/s wireless link using InP HEMT MMICs for generating 120-GHz-band millimeter-wave signal,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(5), 1102–1109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, T.

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

Yasumura, Y.

Yoshida, Y.

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaknoune, M.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, S.

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (4)

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1121–1122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, and J. F. Lampin, “Optically power supplied Gbit/s wireless hotspot using 1.55 μm THz photomixer and heterodyne detection at 200 GHz,” Electron. Lett.46(19), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett.48(15), 953–954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Valdes-Garcia, S. Reynolds, A. Natarajan, Dong Kam, Duixian Liu, Y.-L. O. Jie-Wei Lai, Huang, Ping-Yu Chen, J.-H. C. Ming-Da Tsai, S. Zhan, Nicolson, and B. Floyd, “Single-element and phased-array transceiver chipsets for 60-GHz Gb/s communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(4), 120–131 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Piesiewicz, M. Jacob, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kürner, “Performance analysis of future multi-gigabit wireless communication systems at THz frequencies with highly directive antennas in realistic indoor environments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(2), 421–430 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

K. Okada, L. Ning, K. Matsushita, K. Bunsen, R. Murakami, A. Musa, T. Sato, H. Asada, N. Takayama, S. Ito, W. Chaivipas, R. Minami, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takeuchi, H. Yamagishi, M. Noda, and A. Matsuzawa, “A 60-GHz 16QAM/8PSK/QPSK/BPSK direct-conversion transceiver for IEEE802.15.3c,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits46(12), 2988–3004 (2011).

IEEE Photonics Journal (1)

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Data rate vs. carrier frequency obtained for wireless link systems with real-time transmission (solid circle) and with off-line digital signal processing (open circle).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical configuration of wireless link using photonics-based transmitter (a), with receivers based on direct-detection (b) and heterodyne detection (c).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of photonics-based transmitters using free-running wavelength tunable lasers. (a) Double sub-carrier modulation. (b) Single sub-carrier modulation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration of photonics-based transmitters using optical frequency comb-generators. (a) Double sub-carrier modulation. (b) Single sub-carrier modulation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical frequency dependence of output power for photodiode modules used in experiments with a photocurrent of 6 mA at 1550-nm wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic diagram of experimental setup to evaluate transmission characteristics of 300-GHz wireless link based on OOK modulation and direct detection.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Eye diagrams at 40 Gbit/s (a), and bit error rate (BER) characteristics at 40 Gbit/s with a carrier frequency of 300 GHz. Photocurrent (horizontal axis of (b)) is proportional to the square root of the transmitted power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Eye diagrams at the 600-GHz band receiver obtained by changing the carrier frequency from 450 GHz to 720 GHz at a bit rate of 1.6 Gbit/s.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Schematic diagram of the transmitter using frequency multiplier at 300-GHz band. Eye diagram demodulated by the receiver (b) and bit error rate characteristics (c) at a bit rate of 10 Gbit/s with a carrier frequency of 350 GHz.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Schematic diagram of experimental setup for a polarization multiplexed transmission.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Experimental results with polarization multiplex system at 300 GHz. Eye diagrams at 24 Gbit/s (a), and bit error rate characteristics for each channel at 24 Gbit/s.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Schematic block diagram of a phase-stabilized optical signal generator based on the optical frequency comb.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(a) Experimental setup for the coherent transmission system using the phase-stabilized transmitter and the heterodyne receiver together with a FEC board. (b) Eye diagram at 10.3 Gbit/s with the phase stabilization. (c) BER characteristics at 10.3 Gbit/s. In the case of FEC operation, data signals at 11.1 Gbit/s were generated from the pulse pattern generator.

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