Abstract

We present our experimental results on the measurements of excited state dynamics in 2, 9, 16, 23-phenoxy-phthalocyanine (Pc1) and 2, 9, 16, 23-phenoxy-phthalocyanine-zinc (Pc2) using the pump-probe experiment. The results show that the lifetime of the first triplet excited state of the Pc2 longer than Pc1. The lifetimes of the triplet excited state for Pc2 and Pc1 are 12.8 μs and 10.1 μs at the same intensity, respectively. Moreover, analysis of modulation characteristics of all-optical switching (A-OS) shows that the stronger the light intensity of the pump light is, the smaller the normalized transmittance is, and the lower the A-OS response time is. The consequences of such short lifetimes are also discussed in view of the strong A-OS properties of these molecules.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Z. Henari, “Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanine,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.3(3), 188–190 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).
  13. S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear optical properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines at 800 nm with femtosecond pulse excitation,” Opt. Express18(17), 17666–17671 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).

2001

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Z. Henari, “Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanine,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.3(3), 188–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abdeldayem, H.

H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alonzo, M.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belardini, A.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bertolotti, M.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bindra, K. S.

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bing, Y.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fang, S. L.

S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fazio, E.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Frazier, D. O.

H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giribabu, L.

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guang, S.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Henari, F. Z.

F. Z. Henari, “Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanine,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.3(3), 188–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Howe, L.

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jain, B.

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kponou, E.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R. S. S.

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Larciprete, M. C.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leahu, G.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. F.

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lian, I. D.

T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

L. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear optical properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines at 800 nm with femtosecond pulse excitation,” Opt. Express18(17), 17666–17671 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mashiko, S.

S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, D.

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Modibane, D. K.

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nyokong, T.

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oak, S. M.

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ostuni, R.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paley, M. S.

H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. N.

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rao, S. V.

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, K. P. J.

S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).

Roy, S.

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).

Sharma, P.

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

She, W.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sibilia, C.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Singh, C. P.

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).

Song, Y.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tada, H.

S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. F.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. X.

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, T. C.

T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xi, F.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yan, K.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. B.

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, C. B.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, D.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, P.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear optical properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines at 800 nm with femtosecond pulse excitation,” Opt. Express18(17), 17666–17671 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Z.

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. D.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear optical properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines at 800 nm with femtosecond pulse excitation,” Opt. Express18(17), 17666–17671 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Sci.

S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.

Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

F. Z. Henari, “Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanine,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.3(3), 188–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. A

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys.

S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull.

H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Photon. J.

C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Nanostructures

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyhedron

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met.

T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Molecular structures of the Pc compounds. (b) he experimental results are simulated by five-level energy diagram of organic molecules. (c) versimpliðed PES diagram depicting the excited state relaxation dynamics of PC in DMF. The solid lines and dashed lines represent the optical excitation and radiative relaxation, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The setup of the pump-probe experiment. BS1, beam splitter; D1-3, detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Populations in S0, S1, and T1 versus the time during a single light pulse with a width of 10 ns for the two samples (a) Pc1 and (b) Pc2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence lifetime measurement of (a) Pc1 and (b) Pc2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental switching curve of (a) Pc1 and (b) Pc2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental datas of all-optical modulation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

And variation of percentage modulation of the probe beam of 632.8 nm with energy of the pump beam of 532 nm for different Pc2 linear transmission values at 532 nm. The inset is variation of normalized modulation sensitivity with the concentrations.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dI dZ =αI
α= σ 0 N 0 + σ S N S + σ T N T

Metrics