Abstract

An alternative-grating gated AlGaN/GaN field-effect transistor (FET) is proposed by considering the slit regions to be covered by a highly doped semiconductor acting as supplemental gates. The plasmonic resonant absorption spectra are studied at THz frequencies using the FDTD method. The 2DEGs, under supplemental gates, modulated by a positive voltage, can make the excitation of the higher order plasmon modes under metallic fingers more efficient in comparison to ungated regions in common slit-grating gate transistors. Moreover, the supplemental gates can confine the electric field of dipole oscillation between metallic gate fingers under THz radiation. The competition of the near-field enhancement and screening effect of the supplemental gate fingers results in the intensity of the higher order plasmon resonances being maximized at increased doping concentration. Our results demonstrate the possibility of significant improvement in the excitation of plasmon resonances in FETs for THz detection.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Nishimura, N. Magome, and T. Otsuji, “An Intensity Modulator for Terahertz Electromagnetic Waves Utilizing Two-Dimensional Plasmon Resonance in a Dual-Grating-Gate High-Electron-Mobility Transistor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(5), 054301 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Otsuji, M. Hanabe, T. Nishimura, and E. Sano, “A grating-bicoupled plasma-wave photomixer with resonant-cavity enhanced structure,” Opt. Express14(11), 4815–4825 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. V. Popov, “Plasmon Excitation and Plasmonic Detection of Terahertz Radiation in the Grating-Gate Field-Effect-Transistor Structures,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(10), 1178–1191 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur, “Plasma wave electronics: novel terahertz devices using two dimensional electron fluid,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.43(10), 1640–1645 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Zeng, Y. Fu, M. Bengtsson, X. S. Chen, W. Lu, and H. Ågren, “Finite-difference time-domain simulations of exciton-polariton resonances in quantum-dot arrays,” Opt. Express16(7), 4507–4519 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.AP-14, 302–307 (1966).
  28. R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Wang, X. S. Chen, Z. F. Li, and W. Lu, “Study of grating performance for quantum well photodetectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2428–2432 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, “Plasmon Excitation and Plasmonic Detection of Terahertz Radiation in the Grating-Gate Field-Effect-Transistor Structures,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(10), 1178–1191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishimura, N. Magome, and T. Otsuji, “An Intensity Modulator for Terahertz Electromagnetic Waves Utilizing Two-Dimensional Plasmon Resonance in a Dual-Grating-Gate High-Electron-Mobility Transistor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(5), 054301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, X. S. Chen, Z. F. Li, and W. Lu, “Study of grating performance for quantum well photodetectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2428–2432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

Y. Zeng, Y. Fu, M. Bengtsson, X. S. Chen, W. Lu, and H. Ågren, “Finite-difference time-domain simulations of exciton-polariton resonances in quantum-dot arrays,” Opt. Express16(7), 4507–4519 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Otsuji, M. Hanabe, T. Nishimura, and E. Sano, “A grating-bicoupled plasma-wave photomixer with resonant-cavity enhanced structure,” Opt. Express14(11), 4815–4825 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur, “Plasma wave electronics: novel terahertz devices using two dimensional electron fluid,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.43(10), 1640–1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991

R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1975

S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1966

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

Ågren, H.

Allen, S. J.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bengtsson, M.

Bollaert, S.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boubanga-Tombet, S.

Burke, P. J.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cappy, A.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. S.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, X. S. Chen, Z. F. Li, and W. Lu, “Study of grating performance for quantum well photodetectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2428–2432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zeng, Y. Fu, M. Bengtsson, X. S. Chen, W. Lu, and H. Ågren, “Finite-difference time-domain simulations of exciton-polariton resonances in quantum-dot arrays,” Opt. Express16(7), 4507–4519 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coquillat, D.

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davoyan, A. R.

A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Simoni, G.

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

DeRosa, F.

S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dyakonov, M.

M. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur, “Plasma wave electronics: novel terahertz devices using two dimensional electron fluid,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.43(10), 1640–1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dyakonova, N.

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, J. P.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ercolani, D.

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fateev, D. V.

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fatimy, A. E. I.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Gaska, R.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grine, A. D.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hanabe, M.

Harff, N. E.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horing, N. J. M.

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W. D.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hunsberger, F.

R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Knap, W.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koudymov, A. N.

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kunz, K. S.

R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. F.

Lilly, M. P.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lombardo, A.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, X. S. Chen, Z. F. Li, and W. Lu, “Study of grating performance for quantum well photodetectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2428–2432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zeng, Y. Fu, M. Bengtsson, X. S. Chen, W. Lu, and H. Ågren, “Finite-difference time-domain simulations of exciton-polariton resonances in quantum-dot arrays,” Opt. Express16(7), 4507–4519 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luebbers, R. J.

R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Magome, N.

T. Nishimura, N. Magome, and T. Otsuji, “An Intensity Modulator for Terahertz Electromagnetic Waves Utilizing Two-Dimensional Plasmon Resonance in a Dual-Grating-Gate High-Electron-Mobility Transistor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(5), 054301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meziani, Y. M.

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muravjov, A. V.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nadar, S.

Nikitov, S. A.

A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimura, T.

Otsuji, T.

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishimura, N. Magome, and T. Otsuji, “An Intensity Modulator for Terahertz Electromagnetic Waves Utilizing Two-Dimensional Plasmon Resonance in a Dual-Grating-Gate High-Electron-Mobility Transistor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(5), 054301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Otsuji, M. Hanabe, T. Nishimura, and E. Sano, “A grating-bicoupled plasma-wave photomixer with resonant-cavity enhanced structure,” Opt. Express14(11), 4815–4825 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pala, N.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pellegrini, V.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peralta, X. G.

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pitanti, A.

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polini, M.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polischuk, O. V.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. V.

A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, “Plasmon Excitation and Plasmonic Detection of Terahertz Radiation in the Grating-Gate Field-Effect-Transistor Structures,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(10), 1178–1191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reno, J. L.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roelens, Y.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Romeo, L.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rumyantsev, S.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sano, E.

Saxena, H.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Scalari, G.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seliuta, D.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaner, E. A.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shchepetov, A.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shur, M.

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shur, M. S.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, O. V. Polischuk, and M. S. Shur, “Enhanced electromagnetic coupling between terahertz radiation and plasmons in a grating-gate transistor structure on membrane substrate,” Opt. Express18(16), 16771–16776 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur, “Plasma wave electronics: novel terahertz devices using two dimensional electron fluid,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.43(10), 1640–1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. A.

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorba, L.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Teppe, F.

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tredicucci, A.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsui, D. C.

S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tsymbalov, G. M.

D. Coquillat, S. Nadar, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, S. Boubanga-Tombet, W. Knap, T. Nishimura, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, G. M. Tsymbalov, and V. V. Popov, “Room temperature detection of sub-terahertz radiation in double-grating-gate transistors,” Opt. Express18(6), 6024–6032 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Valušis, G.

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veksler, D. B.

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vicarelli, L.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viti, L.

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vitiello, M. S.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, X. S. Chen, Z. F. Li, and W. Lu, “Study of grating performance for quantum well photodetectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2428–2432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. W.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. D.

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wanke, M. C.

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yee, K. S.

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

Zeng, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Viti, L. Romeo, D. Ercolani, G. Scalari, J. Faist, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, and A. Tredicucci, “Semiconductor nanowires for highly sensitive, room-temperature detection of terahertz quantum cascade laser emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(24), 241101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Pitanti, D. Coquillat, D. Ercolani, L. Sorba, F. Teppe, W. Knap, G. De Simoni, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, and M. S. Vitiello, “Terahetz detection by heterostructed InAs/InSb nanowire based field effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(14), 141103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, D. V. Fateev, T. Otsuji, Y. M. Meziani, D. Coquillat, and W. Knap, “Plasmonic terahertz detection by a double-grating-gate field-effect transistor structure with an asymmetric unit cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 243504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Muravjov, D. B. Veksler, V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, N. Pala, X. Hu, R. Gaska, H. Saxena, R. E. Peale, and M. S. Shur, “Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(4), 042105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Shaner, M. Lee, M. C. Wanke, A. D. Grine, J. L. Reno, and S. J. Allen, “Single-quantum-well grating-gated terahertz plasmon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(19), 193507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, M. C. Wanke, N. E. Harff, J. A. Simmons, M. P. Lilly, J. L. Reno, P. J. Burke, and J. P. Eisenstein, “Terahertz photoconductivity and plasmon modes in double-quantum-well field-effect transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(9), 1627–1629 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. E. I. Fatimy, F. Teppe, N. Dyakonova, W. Knap, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, A. Shchepetov, Y. Roelens, S. Bollaert, A. Cappy, and S. Rumyantsev, “Resonant and voltage-tunable terahertz detection in InGaAs/InP nanometer transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(13), 131926 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Cooperative absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in an array of field-effect transistors with two-dimensional electron channel,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 123504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. S. Chen, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, and W. Lu, “The plasmonic resonant absorption in GaN double-channel high electron mobility transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(6), 063502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, W. D. Hu, J. Wang, X. D. Wang, S. W. Wang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Plasmon resonant excitation in grating-gated AlN barrier transistors at terahertz frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(12), 123501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics

V. V. Popov, G. M. Tsymbalov, T. V. Teperik, D. V. Fateev, and M. S. Shur, “Terahertz Excitation of the Higher-Order Plasmon Modes in Field-Effect Transistor Arrays with Common and Separate Two-Dimensional Electron Channels,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics71(1), 89–92 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

R. J. Luebbers, F. Hunsberger, and K. S. Kunz, “A frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain formulation for transient propagation in plasma,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.39(1), 29–34 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.

M. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur, “Plasma wave electronics: novel terahertz devices using two dimensional electron fluid,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.43(10), 1640–1645 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.

V. V. Popov, M. S. Shur, G. M. Tsymbalov, and D. V. Fateev, “Higher-order plasmon resonances in GaN-based field-effect transistor arrays,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst.17(3), 557–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

V. V. Popov, O. V. Polischuk, T. V. Teperik, X. G. Peralta, S. J. Allen, N. J. M. Horing, and M. C. Wanke, “Absorption of terahertz radiation by plasmon modes in a grid-gated double-quantum-well field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys.94(5), 3556–3562 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Popov, A. N. Koudymov, M. Shur, and O. V. Polischuk, “Tuning of ungated plasmons by a gate in the field-effect transistor with two-dimensional electron channel,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 024508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves

V. V. Popov, “Plasmon Excitation and Plasmonic Detection of Terahertz Radiation in the Grating-Gate Field-Effect-Transistor Structures,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves32(10), 1178–1191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Nishimura, N. Magome, and T. Otsuji, “An Intensity Modulator for Terahertz Electromagnetic Waves Utilizing Two-Dimensional Plasmon Resonance in a Dual-Grating-Gate High-Electron-Mobility Transistor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(5), 054301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-Temperature Terahertz Detectors Based on Semiconductor Nanowire Field-Effect Transistors,” Nano Lett.12(1), 96–101 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater.11(10), 865–871 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B73(3), 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. R. Davoyan, V. V. Popov, and S. A. Nikitov, “Tailoring Terahertz Near-Field Enhancement via Two-Dimensional Plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108(12), 127401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Allen, D. C. Tsui, and F. DeRosa, “Frequency Dependence of the Electron Conductivity in the Silicon Inversion Layer in the Metallic and Localized Regimes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(20), 1359–1362 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Semiconductors

D. V. Fateev, V. V. Popov, and M. S. Shur, “Transformation of the Plasmon Spectrum in a Grating-Gate Transistor Structure with Spatially Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Channel,” Semiconductors44(11), 1406–1413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic of an alternative-grating gated AlGaN/GaN FET. The THz wave is incident from the top side with the polarization of electric field along the grating-gate periodicity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THz absorption spectra for AGG (solid lines) and SGG (dashed line) at zero gate voltage. The arrow marks the change of doping concentration from 3.5 × 1018 cm−3 to 1.5 × 1018 cm−3 at a step of 0.5 × 1018 cm−3. “S1” to “S6” are used to label the resonant peaks. Each symbol presents a series of peaks at the same resonant order. Absorption strength as a function of doping concentration at S6 is shown in the inset.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plasmon-induced electric field distributions (absolute value) along the channel (in one period) under THz wave excitation. (a), (b), (c) and (d) correspond to the resonant peaks S1, S2, S3 and S4 for AGG transistor with doping concentration of 2.0 × 1018 cm−3 (red line in Fig. 2), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

THz absorption spectra for AGG (solid lines) and SGG (dashed line) under 3V (a) and 5V (b) gate voltages. The arrow marks the change of doping concentration from 3.5 × 1018 cm−3 to 1.5 × 1018 cm−3 at a step of 0.5 × 1018 cm−3. “S1” to “S6” are used to label the resonant peaks. Each symbol presents a series of peaks at the same resonant order. The insets in (a) and (b) show the absorption strength as a function of doping concentration for S5 and S4, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The electric filed distribution of dipole oscillation along the white dashed line (see the insets) at 5V gate voltage. The white dashed line is the perpendicular bisector of the supplemental gate. The values of the X-coordinate correspond to that of Y-axis of the inset.

Equations (3)

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ω p = e 2 Nd m * ε 0 ε b k,
N= ε 0 ε b e U g U th d ,
ω p = e( U g U th ) m * k.

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