Abstract

We investigate the performance of a self-homodyne coherent detection (SHCD) system using a 19 core multi-core fiber (MCF) and 16 wavelength-division-multiplexed channels. We show that SHCD, with the pilot-tone transmitted on a single MCF core and information carrying signals on the remaining cores, is compatible with space-division-multiplexed transmission, potentially relaxing laser linewidth and digital signal processing requirements due to phase noise cancellation. However, inter-core crosstalk can have an impact on performance and core selection.

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  1. T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-Tolerant QPSK Homodyne Transmission Using a Polarization-Multiplexed Pilot Carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(2), 388–390 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Filter optimization for self-homodyne coherent WDM systems using interleaved polarization division,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(9), 1219–1226 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Interleaved polarization division multiplexing in self-homodyne coherent WDM systems,” Proc. ECOC '10, Mo.1.3.C (2010).
  6. G.-W. Lu, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “40-Gb/s QPSK and 20-Gb/s PSK with inserted pilot symbols using self-homodyne detection,” Opt. Express15(12), 7660–7666 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, G.-W. Lu, and T. Miyazaki, “Ultimate linewidth-tolerant 20-Gbps QPSK-homodyne transmission using a spectrum-sliced ASE light source,” Proc. OFC’07, OThD4 (2007).
  8. Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, and T. Miyazaki, “80-Gb/s 256-QAM signals using phase noise and DGD-tolerant pilot-carrier-aided homodyne detection,” Proc. ECOC’07, P089 (2007).
  9. B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “Free-space coupling optics for multi-core fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Phot. Soc. Summer Topicals, WC3.3 (2012).
  11. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, K. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” Proc. OFC Paper PDP5C.1 (2012).
  12. B. J. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Investigating self-homodyne coherent detection in a 19-core spatial-division-multiplexed transmission link,” Proc. ECOC '12, Paper Tu.3.C.3 (2012).

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-Tolerant QPSK Homodyne Transmission Using a Polarization-Multiplexed Pilot Carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Agrell, E.

Andrekson, P.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Filter optimization for self-homodyne coherent WDM systems using interleaved polarization division,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(9), 1219–1226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Johannisson, P.

M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Filter optimization for self-homodyne coherent WDM systems using interleaved polarization division,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(9), 1219–1226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamio, Y.

Karlsson, M.

M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Filter optimization for self-homodyne coherent WDM systems using interleaved polarization division,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(9), 1219–1226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lu, G.-W.

Miyazaki, T.

G.-W. Lu, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “40-Gb/s QPSK and 20-Gb/s PSK with inserted pilot symbols using self-homodyne detection,” Opt. Express15(12), 7660–7666 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-Tolerant QPSK Homodyne Transmission Using a Polarization-Multiplexed Pilot Carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E. M.

Nakamura, M.

Sjödin, M.

M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Filter optimization for self-homodyne coherent WDM systems using interleaved polarization division,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(9), 1219–1226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T. F.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Zhu, B.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-Tolerant QPSK Homodyne Transmission Using a Polarization-Multiplexed Pilot Carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (6)

M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, G.-W. Lu, and T. Miyazaki, “Ultimate linewidth-tolerant 20-Gbps QPSK-homodyne transmission using a spectrum-sliced ASE light source,” Proc. OFC’07, OThD4 (2007).

Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, and T. Miyazaki, “80-Gb/s 256-QAM signals using phase noise and DGD-tolerant pilot-carrier-aided homodyne detection,” Proc. ECOC’07, P089 (2007).

W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “Free-space coupling optics for multi-core fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Phot. Soc. Summer Topicals, WC3.3 (2012).

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, K. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” Proc. OFC Paper PDP5C.1 (2012).

B. J. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Investigating self-homodyne coherent detection in a 19-core spatial-division-multiplexed transmission link,” Proc. ECOC '12, Paper Tu.3.C.3 (2012).

M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. Johannisson, G.-W. Lu, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Interleaved polarization division multiplexing in self-homodyne coherent WDM systems,” Proc. ECOC '10, Mo.1.3.C (2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental set-up for SDM-WDM self-homodyne detection measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BER vs. OSNR for measured signal channel in single wavelength and WDM cases with/without receiver phase tracking (PT) for both SCHC and ID.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Carrier phase over 2 million bits for path length aligned and mis-aligned SHCD for both ECL and DFB laser transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) WDM and (b) SDM penalty for outer-core pilot-tone transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement of SDM penalties when transmitting pilot-tone on different fiber cores compared to case with the signal in a single core only (black squares).

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