Abstract

We present an overview of several microwave photonic processing functionalities based on combinations of Mach-Zehnder and ring resonator filters using the high index contrast silicon nitride (TriPleXTM) waveguide technology. All functionalities are built using the same basic building blocks, namely straight waveguides, phase tuning elements and directional couplers. We recall previously shown measurements on high spurious free dynamic range microwave photonic (MWP) link, ultra-wideband pulse generation, instantaneous frequency measurements, Hilbert transformers, microwave polarization networks and demonstrate new measurements and functionalities on a 16 channel optical beamforming network and modulation format transformer as well as an outlook on future microwave photonic platform integration, which will lead to a significantly reduced footprint and thereby enables the path to commercially viable MWP systems.

© 2013 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).
  4. M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Chevalier, M. Burla, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Impulse radio ultrawideband pulse shaper based on a programmable photonic chip frequency discriminator,” Opt. Express19(25), 24838–24848 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Marpaung, “On-chip photonic-assisted instantaneous microwave frequency measurement system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(9), 837–840 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach. (Wiley-Interscience, 1999).
  17. A. V. Oppenheim, and R. W. Schafer, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall, 1975).
  18. R. Adar, M. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, “Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1369–1372 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).
  20. J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Asghari, “Silicon Photonics: A low cost integration platform for datacom and telecom applications,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC (San Diego, Calif., USA, 2008).
  24. R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, and F. Schreuder, “TriPleX™-based integrated optical ring resonators for lab-on-a-chip- and environmental detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(5), 1583–1596 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Smit, J. Van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(1), 1–13 (2011).
  28. C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, M. N. Armenise, F. M. Soares, and W. Passenberg, “High performance InP ring resonator for new generation monolithically integrated optical gyroscopes,” Opt. Express21(1), 556–564 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. M. Oldenbeuving, “Spectral control of diode lasers using external waveguide circuits,” PhD-thesis (Universiteit Twente, 2013).
  31. Website of Eutelsat, a satellite operator, www.eutelsat.com/en/satellites/the-fleet/EUTELSAT-KA-SAT.html , visited May 28 2013.
  32. S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  33. D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).
  34. R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  35. W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “An ultra-wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC (Anaheim, Calif., USA, 2013).
  36. P. A. Morton and J. B. Khurgin, “Microwave photonic delay line with separate tuning of the optical carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1686–1688 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Chin, L. Thévenaz, J. Sancho, S. Sales, J. Capmany, P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, and D. Dolfi, “Broadband true time delay for microwave signal processing, using slow light based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(21), 22599–22613 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. R. Won, “On-chip signal processing,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 725 (2011), doi:.
    [CrossRef]

2013

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, “On-chip photonic-assisted instantaneous microwave frequency measurement system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(9), 837–840 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, M. N. Armenise, F. M. Soares, and W. Passenberg, “High performance InP ring resonator for new generation monolithically integrated optical gyroscopes,” Opt. Express21(1), 556–564 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

2010

2009

J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Morton and J. B. Khurgin, “Microwave photonic delay line with separate tuning of the optical carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1686–1688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1994

R. Adar, M. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, “Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1369–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adar, R.

R. Adar, M. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, “Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1369–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, L.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Anderson, M. H.

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

Armenise, M. N.

Asghari, M.

M. Asghari, “Silicon Photonics: A low cost integration platform for datacom and telecom applications,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC (San Diego, Calif., USA, 2008).

Baggen, R.

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Barton, J. S.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauters, J.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bauters, J. F.

Beeker, W. P.

Bentum, M. J.

Berger, P.

Blumenthal, D. J.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boller, K.-J.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Borreman, A.

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bourderionnet, J.

Bowers, J. E.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burla, M.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Chevalier, M. Burla, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Impulse radio ultrawideband pulse shaper based on a programmable photonic chip frequency discriminator,” Opt. Express19(25), 24838–24848 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Capmany, J.

S. Chin, L. Thévenaz, J. Sancho, S. Sales, J. Capmany, P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, and D. Dolfi, “Broadband true time delay for microwave signal processing, using slow light based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(21), 22599–22613 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

Chevalier, L.

Chin, S.

Ciminelli, C.

Costa, R.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cusmai, G.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

Davis, S. R.

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, R.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Dell’Olio, F.

Dijkstra, K.

Dolfi, D.

Falke, F.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Farca, G.

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, J.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Geuzebroek, D. H.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heck, M. J. R.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heideman, R.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Heideman, R. G.

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, and F. Schreuder, “TriPleX™-based integrated optical ring resonators for lab-on-a-chip- and environmental detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(5), 1583–1596 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

Hill, M.

M. Smit, J. Van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(1), 1–13 (2011).

Hoekman, M.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, and F. Schreuder, “TriPleX™-based integrated optical ring resonators for lab-on-a-chip- and environmental detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(5), 1583–1596 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hulzinga, A.

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Jagadish, C.

M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

John, D.

Johnson, S.

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jorna, P.

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Karouta, F.

M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. R.

Khurgin, J. B.

P. A. Morton and J. B. Khurgin, “Microwave photonic delay line with separate tuning of the optical carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1686–1688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klein, E. J.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, B.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Laurent-Lund, C.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Lee, C. J.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leick, L.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Leinse, A.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Li, W.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “An ultra-wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC (Anaheim, Calif., USA, 2013).

Lysevych, M.

M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maat, P.

Marpaung, D.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, “On-chip photonic-assisted instantaneous microwave frequency measurement system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(9), 837–840 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Marpaung, D. A. I.

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Chevalier, M. Burla, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Impulse radio ultrawideband pulse shaper based on a programmable photonic chip frequency discriminator,” Opt. Express19(25), 24838–24848 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

Martinelli, M.

Mattsson, K.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Meijerink, A.

Meijerink, R.

Melloni, A.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

R. Adar, M. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, “Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1369–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moreira, R. L.

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morichetti, F.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. Martinelli, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, D. H. Geuzebroek, and A. Borreman, “Box-shaped dielectric waveguides: A new concept in integrated optics?” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2579–2589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morton, P. A.

P. A. Morton and J. B. Khurgin, “Microwave photonic delay line with separate tuning of the optical carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1686–1688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, L.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Noharet, B.

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Oldenbeuving, R. M.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Passenberg, W.

Roeloffzen, C.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Chevalier, M. Burla, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Impulse radio ultrawideband pulse shaper based on a programmable photonic chip frequency discriminator,” Opt. Express19(25), 24838–24848 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

Rommel, S. D.

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

Sanadgol, B.

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Sancho, J.

Schippers, H.

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Schreuder, F.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, and F. Schreuder, “TriPleX™-based integrated optical ring resonators for lab-on-a-chip- and environmental detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(5), 1583–1596 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Serbin, M.

R. Adar, M. Serbin, and V. Mizrahi, “Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1369–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M.

M. Smit, J. Van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(1), 1–13 (2011).

Soares, F. M.

Song, H.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. H.

M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

Tien, M. C.

Van der Tol, J.

M. Smit, J. Van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(1), 1–13 (2011).

van Dijk, P.

van Dijk, P. W. L.

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

van Etten, W.

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Etten, W. C.

Verpoorte, J.

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Wang, Q.

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Won, R.

R. Won, “On-chip signal processing,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 725 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “An ultra-wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC (Anaheim, Calif., USA, 2013).

Zenth, K.

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

Zhang, W.

W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “An ultra-wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC (Anaheim, Calif., USA, 2013).

Zhuang, L.

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. R. Khan, P. Maat, K. Dijkstra, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “System integration and radiation pattern measurements of a phased array antenna employing an integrated photonic beamformer for radio astronomy applications,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 789–802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Jorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part I: design and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, A. Meijerink, M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. G. Heideman, and W. C. van Etten, “Novel ring resonator-based integrated photonic beamformer for broadband phased-array antennas-Part II: experimental prototype,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(1), 19–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, and F. Schreuder, “TriPleX™-based integrated optical ring resonators for lab-on-a-chip- and environmental detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(5), 1583–1596 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, R. Heideman, and C. Roeloffzen, “Integrated photonic Ku-band beamformer chip with continuous amplitude and delay control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1145–1148 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Borreman, A. Meijerink, and W. van Etten, “Single-chip ring resonator-based 1x8 optical beam forming network in CMOS-compatible waveguide technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(15), 1130–1132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Marpaung, “On-chip photonic-assisted instantaneous microwave frequency measurement system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(9), 837–840 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Moreira, J. Garcia, W. Li, J. Bauters, J. S. Barton, M. J. R. Heck, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Integrated ultra-low-loss 4-bit tunable delay for broadband phased array antenna applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(12), 1165–1168 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Morton and J. B. Khurgin, “Microwave photonic delay line with separate tuning of the optical carrier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1686–1688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.

A. Melloni, R. Costa, G. Cusmai, and F. Morichetti, “The role of index contrast in dielectric optical waveguides,” Int. J. Mater. Prod. Technol.34(4), 421–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

M. Lysevych, H. H. Tan, F. Karouta, and C. Jagadish, “Single-step RIE fabrication process of low los InP waveguide using CH4/H2 chemistry,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(3), H281–H284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Laser Phys. Lett.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(1), 015804–015812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Won, “On-chip signal processing,” Nat. Photonics5(12), 725 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

S. Chin, L. Thévenaz, J. Sancho, S. Sales, J. Capmany, P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, and D. Dolfi, “Broadband true time delay for microwave signal processing, using slow light based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(21), 22599–22613 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Bauters, M. J. R. Heck, D. John, D. Dai, M. C. Tien, J. S. Barton, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “Ultra-low-loss high-aspect-ratio Si3N4 waveguides,” Opt. Express19(4), 3163–3174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. G. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, D. A. I. Marpaung, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Low-loss, high-index-contrast Si₃N₄/SiO₂ optical waveguides for optical delay lines in microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express19(23), 23162–23170 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. I. Marpaung, L. Chevalier, M. Burla, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Impulse radio ultrawideband pulse shaper based on a programmable photonic chip frequency discriminator,” Opt. Express19(25), 24838–24848 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, M. R. Khan, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, and C. G. H. Roeloffzen, “Novel microwave photonic fractional Hilbert transformer using a ring resonator-based optical all-pass filter,” Opt. Express20(24), 26499–26510 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ciminelli, F. Dell’Olio, M. N. Armenise, F. M. Soares, and W. Passenberg, “High performance InP ring resonator for new generation monolithically integrated optical gyroscopes,” Opt. Express21(1), 556–564 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhuang, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure,” Opt. Express21(3), 3114–3124 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

S. R. Davis, G. Farca, S. D. Rommel, S. Johnson, and M. H. Anderson, “Liquid crystal waveguides: new devices enabled by > 1000 waves of optical phase control,” Proc. SPIE7618, 76180E (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Leinse, R. G. Heideman, M. Hoekman, F. Schreuder, F. Falke, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, D. Marpaung, D. H. Geuzebroek, R. Dekker, E. J. Klein, P. W. L. van Dijk, and R. M. Oldenbeuving, “TriPleX waveguide platform: low-loss technology over a wide wavelength range,” Proc. SPIE8767, 87670E (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Asghari, “Silicon Photonics: A low cost integration platform for datacom and telecom applications,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC (San Diego, Calif., USA, 2008).

M. Smit, J. Van der Tol, and M. Hill, “Moore’s law in photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(1), 1–13 (2011).

R. M. Oldenbeuving, “Spectral control of diode lasers using external waveguide circuits,” PhD-thesis (Universiteit Twente, 2013).

Website of Eutelsat, a satellite operator, www.eutelsat.com/en/satellites/the-fleet/EUTELSAT-KA-SAT.html , visited May 28 2013.

D. A. I. Marpaung, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. G. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(1), 1–33 (2013).

B. Larsen, L. Nielsen, K. Zenth, L. Leick, C. Laurent-Lund, L. Andersen, and K. Mattsson, “A low-loss, silicon-oxynitride process for compact optical devices,” in Proceedings of ECOC (Rimini, Italy, 2003).

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach. (Wiley-Interscience, 1999).

A. V. Oppenheim, and R. W. Schafer, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall, 1975).

D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Burla, C. Roeloffzen, J. Verpoorte, H. Schippers, A. Hulzinga, P. Jorna, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, B. Noharet, Q. Wang, B. Sanadgol, and R. Baggen, “Towards a broadband and squint-free Ku-band phased array antenna system for airborne satellite communications,” in Proc. of the Fifth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation EuCAP (Rome, Italy, 2011).

W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “An ultra-wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC (Anaheim, Calif., USA, 2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics