Abstract

We propose a novel Optical Network Units (ONU) migration mechanism within the Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed PON (TWDM-PON) framework by rearranging the working ONUs to a minimum number of wavelengths and turning off the rest to save power. We show through simulation that the number of working wavelengths can be minimized up to a theoretical lower bound, e.g. 23%, under the typical ONU online profiles. We further investigate how the migration interval and delay influence the user Service Level Agreement (SLA). We find that under the example ONU online profiles, 99.99% ONU SLA can be realized with the migration delay of 1000 milli-seconds. However to realize 99.999% ONU SLA, the migration delay must be 100 milli-seconds or lower.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. GreenTouch, http://www.greentouch.org
  2. C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Kani, “Power saving techniques and mechanisms for optical access networks systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 563–570 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. An, K. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(11), 2557–2569 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and Wavelength-Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Network (TWDM-PON) for Next-Generation PON Stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 587–593 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H. Chien, M. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength Management in Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (TWDM-PONs)” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Anaheim, CA, 2971–2976 (2012).
  9. S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).
  10. J. Zhang and N. Ansari, “Toward Energy-Efficient 1G-EPON and 10GEPON with Sleep-Aware MAC Control and Scheduling,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(2), 33–38 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “On the energy efficiency of mixed-line-rate networks,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC2010, paper OWY3.
  13. N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Wong, S. Yen, P. Afshar, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of energy conserving TDM-PON with sleep mode ONU using fast clock recovery circuit,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., San Diego, CA (2010), paper OThW7.
  15. Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).
  16. R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing,” in Proc. of NFOEC2011, paper PDPD4.

2013 (2)

2011 (4)

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang and N. Ansari, “Toward Energy-Efficient 1G-EPON and 10GEPON with Sleep-Aware MAC Control and Scheduling,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(2), 33–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2004 (1)

An, F.

Ansari, N.

J. Zhang and N. Ansari, “Toward Energy-Efficient 1G-EPON and 10GEPON with Sleep-Aware MAC Control and Scheduling,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(2), 33–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Campelo, D.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Campelo, D. R.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

Chang, G.

Chi, S.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H.

Chow, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Dhaini, R.

R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dittmann, L.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

Effenberger, F.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and Wavelength-Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Network (TWDM-PON) for Next-Generation PON Stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 587–593 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength Management in Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (TWDM-PONs)” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Anaheim, CA, 2971–2976 (2012).

Ellinas, G.

Fujimoto, Y.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gladisch, A.

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

Hadama, H.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.

R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

Huang, M.

Igawa, E.

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, “Power saving techniques and mechanisms for optical access networks systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 563–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L.

F. An, K. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(11), 2557–2569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Kim, K.

Kobiki, K.

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kosiankowski, D.

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, R.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumozaki, K.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lange, C.

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and Wavelength-Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Network (TWDM-PON) for Next-Generation PON Stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 587–593 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength Management in Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (TWDM-PONs)” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Anaheim, CA, 2971–2976 (2012).

Ma, Y.

Meng, S.

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength Management in Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (TWDM-PONs)” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Anaheim, CA, 2971–2976 (2012).

Nakagawa, J.

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.

Qian, Y.

Sakamoto, T.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, G.

R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shrikhande, K.

Suzuki, N.

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ujikawa, H.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Valcarenghi, L.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Wang, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weidmann, R.

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

Wu, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yam, S.

Yamashita, S.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Yan, X.

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

Yeh, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yen, S.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

Yoshimoto, N.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang and N. Ansari, “Toward Energy-Efficient 1G-EPON and 10GEPON with Sleep-Aware MAC Control and Scheduling,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(2), 33–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

J. Zhang and N. Ansari, “Toward Energy-Efficient 1G-EPON and 10GEPON with Sleep-Aware MAC Control and Scheduling,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(2), 33–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Dhaini, P. Ho, and G. Shen, “Toward green next-generation passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(11), 94–101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, C. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Lange, D. Kosiankowski, R. Weidmann, and A. Gladisch, “Energy Consumption of Telecommunication Networks and Related Improvement Options,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 285–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Suzuki, K. Kobiki, E. Igawa, and J. Nakagawa, “Dynamic Sleep-Mode ONU With Self-Sustained Fast-Lock CDR IC for Burst-Mode Power Saving in 10 G-EPON Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1796–1798 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and Demonstration of Sleep and Adaptive Link Rate Control Mechanisms for Energy Efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and K. Kumozaki, “Adaptive power saving mechanism for 10 gigabit class PON systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E93-B(2), 280–288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J (1)

J. Kani, “Power saving techniques and mechanisms for optical access networks systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 563–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Other (7)

S. Wong, S. Yen, P. Afshar, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of energy conserving TDM-PON with sleep mode ONU using fast clock recovery circuit,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., San Diego, CA (2010), paper OThW7.

Y. Yan, S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. R. Campelo, S. Yamashita, L. Kazovsky, and L. Dittmann, “Energy management mechanism for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications, Cape Town, South Africa, 1–5 (2010).

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a Coherent UDWDM-PON with Real-Time Processing,” in Proc. of NFOEC2011, paper PDPD4.

GreenTouch, http://www.greentouch.org

P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “On the energy efficiency of mixed-line-rate networks,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC2010, paper OWY3.

Y. Luo, S. Meng, and F. Effenberger, “Wavelength Management in Time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (TWDM-PONs)” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Anaheim, CA, 2971–2976 (2012).

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in Proc. of IEEE Globecom, Honolulu, HI, 1–6 (2009).

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