A technique for absolute phase measurement in fringe projection for shape measurement is presented. A standard fringe projection system is used, comprising a camera and a projector fixed relative to each other. The test object is moved to different orientations relative to the fringe projection system. Using the system calibration parameters, the technique identifies homologous surface areas imaged from different perspectives and resolves the 2π phase ambiguity between them simultaneously. The technique is also used to identify regions of the phase maps corresponding to discrete surfaces on the object. The methods described are suitable for automatic shape measurement with a lightweight fringe projection probe mounted to a coordinate measuring machine.
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