Abstract

In this paper, a novel wired/wireless access integrated radio-over-fiber passive optical network (RoF-PON) system that utilizes scalable multiple-frequency millimeter-wave (MF-MMW) generation based on tunable optical frequency comb (TOFC) is proposed. The TOFC is performed by cascading a phase modulator (PM) and two intensity modulators (IMs), and with proper selection of the peak-to-peak voltage of the PM, a flat and effective optical comb with tens of frequency lines is achieved. The MF-MMWs are generated by beating the optical comb line pairs with an interval about 60GHz. The feasibility and scalability of the proposed wired/wireless access integrated RoF-PON scheme are confirmed by the simulations of simultaneous distribution of wired and wireless data with the proposed multiple frequency MMW generation technology.

© 2013 OSA

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2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

C. H. Chang, H. H. Lu, H. S. Su, C. L. Shih, and K. J. Chen, “A broadband ASE light source-based full-duplex FTTX/ROF transport system,” Opt. Express17(24), 22246–22253 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Jia and L. Yu, “Millimeter-Wave UWB Signal Generation Via Frequency Up-Conversion Using Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1172–1174 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Andrés, M. V.

Chang, C. H.

Chang, G.-K.

Chen, C.

Chen, K. J.

Chi, N.

Chien, H.

Choi, W. Y.

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Dong, Z.

Fontaine, N. K.

Gomes, N. J.

Hedekvist, P. O.

Hraimel, B.

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Optical Generation of Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultra-Wideband Wireless Signal and Distribution Over Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1180–1182 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y.

Imai, T.

Jia, L.

L. Jia and L. Yu, “Millimeter-Wave UWB Signal Generation Via Frequency Up-Conversion Using Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1172–1174 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Kumozaki, K.

Lee, K. H.

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leem, Y. A.

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Lu, H. H.

Mohamed, M.

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Optical Generation of Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultra-Wideband Wireless Signal and Distribution Over Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1180–1182 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nkansah, A.

Park, K. H.

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Millán, P.

Qiu, K.

Sakurai, N.

Scott, R. P.

Shao, Y.

Shih, C. L.

Su, H. S.

Taniguchi, T.

Tao, L.

Wake, D.

Wang, L.

Wiberg, A.

Wu, K.

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Optical Generation of Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultra-Wideband Wireless Signal and Distribution Over Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1180–1182 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, Y.

Yi, X.

Yoo, S. J.

Yu, J.

Yu, L.

L. Jia and L. Yu, “Millimeter-Wave UWB Signal Generation Via Frequency Up-Conversion Using Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1172–1174 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Optical Generation of Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultra-Wideband Wireless Signal and Distribution Over Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1180–1182 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. H. Lee, W. Y. Choi, Y. A. Leem, and K. H. Park, “Harmonic millimeter-wave generation and frequency up-conversion using a passively mode-locked multisection DFB laser under external optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 161–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Jia and L. Yu, “Millimeter-Wave UWB Signal Generation Via Frequency Up-Conversion Using Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1172–1174 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Optical Generation of Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultra-Wideband Wireless Signal and Distribution Over Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(15), 1180–1182 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, “5-THz wide, 175 mode optical comb source,”in Proceedings of OFC’07, paper: OWJ3.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed wired/wireless integrated RoF-PON using TOFC generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Flatness contour plot with comb lines generated by advanced TCG

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output optical comb spectra generated by advanced TCG, where (a) and (b) represent the theoretical analysis result and simulation result, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical comb spectrum after rectangular filter, (b) Modulated optical comb spectrum by wired data and wireless data.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optical comb spectrum modulated wired data and wireless data after combiner, (b) Electrical spectra of generated MMWs near 60GHz

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance of the 1.25Gbps wired access for the B2B and 20km SSMF transmission cases. The insets (a) and (b) denotes the corresponding eye diagrams for the cases of B2B and 20km SSMF transmission at the BER of 10−9.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER performance of the 1.25Gbps wireless access at 58GHz, 60GHz and 62GHz for the B2B and 20km SSMF transmission cases. The insets (a)-(f) denotes the corresponding eye diagrams at the BER of 10−9.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E (t)= 1 4 E c n= { J n ( m PM π)+2exp(jβ) J n [( m PM + m IM )π] +exp(j2β) J n [( m PM +2 m IM )π]}× j n exp[j( ω c +nω)t],
E Left (t)=Acos{[ ω c +2π× f d (15+i)]t+ ϕ 0 ],
E Right (t)=Acos{[ ω c +2π× f d (15+j)]t+ ϕ 0 }.
I(t)=R | E Left (t)+ E Right (t) | 2 =2R A 2 cos{[ ω c +2π×2× 10 9 (15+j)]t[ ω c 2π×2× 10 9 (15i)]t+ ϕ 0 ϕ 0 } =2R A 2 {1+cos{2π× 10 9 [60+2(ji)]t}},

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