Abstract

High power all fiber mid-IR supercontinuum (SC) generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a 2 μm master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system is demonstrated. A semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) passively mode-locked laser with pulse width of 26 ps at 1960 nm is used as the seed of the MOPA system. A laser spectrum extending from ~1.9 μm to beyond 2.6 μm is generated in a subsequent thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA). Then, the spectrum is further broadened to the mid-IR region in the ZBLAN fiber. A mid-IR SC extending from 1.9 to 3.9 μm with 7.11 W average output power is obtained based on a large mode area TDFA, the SC power for wavelengths longer than 2.5 μm is 3.52 W with a power ratio of 49.5% with respect to the total SC power. The overall optical conversion efficiency from the 790 nm pump of the large mode area TDFA to the total SC output is 10.4%. To the best of our knowledge, both the 7.11 W total average power and 3.52 W average power in wavelengths beyond 2.5 μm are the highest power ever reported for a mid-IR SC generation in ZBLAN fiber pumped by 2 μm fiber lasers and TDFAs.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (7)

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Over three-octave spanning supercontinuum generated in a fluoride fiber pumped by Er & Er:Yb-doped and Tm-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Laser Technol.52, 75–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a gain-switched mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser and amplifier system,” Opt. Express21(7), 7851–7857 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Gao, M. El Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21(8), 9573–9583 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

2011 (4)

Y. Wang, C. Xiong, J. Hou, J. Cao, Y. Li, R. Song, and Q. Lu, “Continuous wave, dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” Appl. Opt.50(17), 2752–2758 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8 μm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide glass-fiber-based mid-IR sources and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 114–119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-P. Chen, H.-W. Chen, J. Hou, and Z.-J. Liu, “100 W all fiber picosecond MOPA laser,” Opt. Express17(26), 24008–24012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1994 (1)

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1977 (1)

T. Izawa, N. Shibata, and A. Takeda, “Optical attenuation in pure and doped fused silica in the IR wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.31(1), 33–35 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide glass-fiber-based mid-IR sources and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 114–119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, V. V.

Brown, R. N.

Byer, R. L.

Cao, J.

Chan, A.

Chaudhari, C.

M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, S.

R. Song, J. Hou, S. Chen, W. Yang, and Q. Lu, “High power supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1529–1531 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-P.

Chen, Z.

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Dianov, E. M.

Domachuk, P.

Duan, Z.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eckerle, M.

Eichhorn, M.

El Amraoui, M.

Freeman, M. J.

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8 μm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gao, W.

Geng, J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Ghanta, R. K.

Hartl, I.

Hou, J.

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched fiber laser near 2 μm,” Appl. Opt.51(23), 5664–5667 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Song, J. Hou, S. Chen, W. Yang, and Q. Lu, “High power supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1529–1531 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, C. Xiong, J. Hou, J. Cao, Y. Li, R. Song, and Q. Lu, “Continuous wave, dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” Appl. Opt.50(17), 2752–2758 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, H.-W. Chen, J. Hou, and Z.-J. Liu, “100 W all fiber picosecond MOPA laser,” Opt. Express17(26), 24008–24012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudson, D. D.

Hutta, J. J.

Islam, M. N.

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8 μm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, T.

T. Izawa, N. Shibata, and A. Takeda, “Optical attenuation in pure and doped fused silica in the IR wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.31(1), 33–35 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z. F.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, A. J.

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

Kieleck, C.

Kito, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Ko, T. H.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Lasri, J.

Li, J.

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Li, Y.

Liao, M.

Liu, J.

Liu, P. Z.

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. J.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.-J.

Lu, Q.

Marandi, A.

Mauricio, J.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maze, G.

Mazé, G.

Messaddeq, Y.

Michalska, M.

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a gain-switched mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser and amplifier system,” Opt. Express21(7), 7851–7857 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Over three-octave spanning supercontinuum generated in a fluoride fiber pumped by Er & Er:Yb-doped and Tm-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Laser Technol.52, 75–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

Mori, K.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F. G.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Qin, G.

M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Rudy, C. W.

Sanghera, J. S.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide glass-fiber-based mid-IR sources and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 114–119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide glass-fiber-based mid-IR sources and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 114–119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

T. Izawa, N. Shibata, and A. Takeda, “Optical attenuation in pure and doped fused silica in the IR wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.31(1), 33–35 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Song, R.

Suzuki, T.

Swiderski, J.

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Over three-octave spanning supercontinuum generated in a fluoride fiber pumped by Er & Er:Yb-doped and Tm-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Laser Technol.52, 75–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a gain-switched mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser and amplifier system,” Opt. Express21(7), 7851–7857 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked Tm3+-doped silicate 2 μm fiber laser for supercontinuum generation in fluoride fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 512–514 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeda, A.

T. Izawa, N. Shibata, and A. Takeda, “Optical attenuation in pure and doped fused silica in the IR wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.31(1), 33–35 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Terry, F. L.

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8 μm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, A.

Wang, J.

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Windeler, R. S.

Wolchover, N. A.

Xia, C.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, C.

Xu, Z.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

Yang, W. Q.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Zakel, A.

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched fiber laser near 2 μm,” Appl. Opt.51(23), 5664–5667 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Izawa, N. Shibata, and A. Takeda, “Optical attenuation in pure and doped fused silica in the IR wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.31(1), 33–35 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 µm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Chalcogenide glass-fiber-based mid-IR sources and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 114–119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Morioka, K. Mori, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Multi-WDM-channel, Gbit/s pulse generation from a single laser source utilizing LD-pumped supercontinuum in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.6(3), 365–368 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

B. Zhang, J. Hou, P. Z. Liu, A. J. Jin, and Z. F. Jiang, “Flat supercontinuum generation covering C-band to U-band in two-stage Er/Yb co-doped double-clad fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys.21(11), 1895–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. J. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2 μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Chen, S. Chen, J. Wang, Z. Chen, and J. Hou, “35 W high power all fiber supercontinuum generation in PCF with picoseconds MOPA laser,” Opt. Commun.284(23), 5484–5487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

S.-P. Chen, H.-W. Chen, J. Hou, and Z.-J. Liu, “100 W all fiber picosecond MOPA laser,” Opt. Express17(26), 24008–24012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system,” Opt. Express20(20), 22442–22447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a gain-switched mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser and amplifier system,” Opt. Express21(7), 7851–7857 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express16(10), 7161–7168 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marandi, C. W. Rudy, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in tapered chalcogenide fiber for producing octave-spanning frequency comb around 3 μm,” Opt. Express20(22), 24218–24225 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Gao, M. El Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21(8), 9573–9583 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

X. Zhou, Z. Chen, H. Chen, J. Li, and J. Hou, “Mode field adaptation between single-mode fiber and large mode area fiber by thermally expanded core technique,” Opt. Laser Technol.47, 72–75 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Over three-octave spanning supercontinuum generated in a fluoride fiber pumped by Er & Er:Yb-doped and Tm-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Laser Technol.52, 75–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Duhant, W. Renard, G. Canat, F. Smektala, J. Troles, P. Bourdon, and C. Planchat, “Improving mid-infrared supercontinuum generation efficency by pumping a fluoride fiber directly into the anomalous regime at 1995 nm,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, paper CD9_1 (2011).

A. Jin, Z. Wang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Experimental measurement and numerical calculation of dispersion of ZBLAN fiber,” 2011 International Conference on Electronics and Optoelectronics (ICEOE), 3, V3–181–V3-184 (2011).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2007).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the all fiber integrated mid-IR SC generation system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pulse autocorrelation trace of the first stage fiber amplifier. Insert shows the stable passively mode-locked pulse train with a repetition rate of 23.7 MHz. (b) Output spectrum of the mode-locked fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum of the first fiber amplifier at 110 mW output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra of the second stage fiber amplifier for different output powers of (a) 205 and 427 mW, (b) 1.11, 1.49 and 2.71 W. The inset of (a) provides the detailed SPM induced spectral broadening around the signal wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The TDFA output power, ZBLAN output mid-IR SC power in all spectral band and mid-IR SC power for λ>2500 nm versus the TDFA pump power. (b) ZBLAN output mid-IR SC spectrum at 1 W output power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup of the high power mid-IR SC generation system. ISO – isolator.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The LMA TDFA output power, mode adapter output power, ZBLAN output mid-IR SC power in all spectral band and mid-IR SC power for λ>2500 nm versus the LMA TDFA pump power at 790 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Evolutions of the output SC spectrum with 790 nm pump power of the LMA TDFA: (a) the LMA TDFA output, (b) the mode adapter output and (c) the ZBLAN fiber output.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Seed laser pulse trains before (upper) and after (bottom) the pulse repetition rate increasing system. (b) Output spectrum of the second stage fiber amplifier at 1.33 W output power with 47.4 MHz pulse repetition rate.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

With the pulse repetition rate increasing system, (a) the LMA TDFA output power, mode adapter output power, ZBLAN mid-IR SC output power in all spectral band and mid-IR SC power for λ>2500 nm versus the LMA TDFA pump power at 790 nm, (b) ZBLAN output mid-IR SC spectrum at 7.11 W output power.

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