Abstract

Iridescent colloidal crystal coatings with variable structural colors were fabricated by incorporating carbon black nanoparticles (CB-NPs) into the voids of polystyrene (PS) colloidal crystals. The structural color of the colloid crystal coatings was not only greatly enhanced after the composition but also varied with observation angles. By changing the diameter of monodisperse PS colloids in the composites, colloidal crystal coatings with three primary colors for additive or subtractive combination were obtained. After incorporation of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid coatings into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix, manmade opal jewelry with variable iridescent colors was made facilely.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
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  9. H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater.15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. L. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15(15), 9553–9561 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.353(1), 131–136 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2013

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2012

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15(15), 9553–9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater.15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, C. I.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

Bo, X. Z.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bock, R. D.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater.15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cathcart, J. M.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S. Z. D.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cong, H.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater.15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, G.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Driver, D.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dufresne, E. R.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, S.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Graham, M. J.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, J. H.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K. U.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, K. Y.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koh, C. Y.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Lyon, L. A.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martini, N.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGrath, J. G.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mochrie, S. G. J.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nah, C.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narayanan, S.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishikawa, K.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Noh, H.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osuji, C. O.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. J.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Parker, A. R.

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, N. H.

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Protas, M. E.

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prum, R. O.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pursiainen, O. L.

Qi, L.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reguera, E.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruhl, T.

Sandy, A.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saranathan, V.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spahn, P.

Stein, A.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sturm, J. C.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, J.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Thomas, E. L.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Townley, H. E.

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viel, B.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wan, L.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Welch, V. L.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winkler, H.

Yamada, Y.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yano, K.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasuda, T.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X. S.

Zhao, Y.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater.15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater.19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Dyes Pigments

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Integr. Ferroelectr.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr.135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci.

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. B

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langmuir

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE5636, 245–253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soft Matter

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of PS colloids and CB-NPs used to prepare hybrid colloidal crystal coatings: (a) 190 nm PS colloids; (b) 217 nm PS colloids; (c) 308 nm PS colloids; (d) 33 nm CB-NPs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photographs of pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a-c) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (d-f) with different diameter PS colloids at a view angle of ~90°. Diameter of the PS colloids: (a) and (d) 190 nm; (b) and (e) 217 nm; (c) and (f) 308nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM sectional images of 217 nm pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV-Vis reflection spectra of pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (b) with different diameters of PS colloids (The spectra were measured at normal incidence).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photographs of 217 nm PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings observed from different view angles: (a) 30°; (b) 45°; (c) 60°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

UV-Vis reflection spectra of 217 nm PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings collected from different view angles (From left to right, the spectra were measured at 60°, 45° and 30° incident angles, respectively).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photographs of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings with the three primary colors and iridescent derivative colors: (a) and (b) illustrations of the three primary colors for additive and subtractive combination, respectively; (c) and (d) iridescent coating colors by altering the diameters of PS colloids and view angles, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Application of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings in making manmade opal jewelry: (a), (b) and (c) color variation of the manmade opal jewelry; (d) and (e) color variation of the natural opal jewelry.

Equations (2)

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kλ=2 2/3 D n 2 sin 2 θ k=1,2,3,...
n=(1Φ)nps+Φncb

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