Abstract

Iridescent colloidal crystal coatings with variable structural colors were fabricated by incorporating carbon black nanoparticles (CB-NPs) into the voids of polystyrene (PS) colloidal crystals. The structural color of the colloid crystal coatings was not only greatly enhanced after the composition but also varied with observation angles. By changing the diameter of monodisperse PS colloids in the composites, colloidal crystal coatings with three primary colors for additive or subtractive combination were obtained. After incorporation of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid coatings into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix, manmade opal jewelry with variable iridescent colors was made facilely.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(1), 425–446 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  5. V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir 20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. O. L. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9553–9561 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 353(1), 131–136 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. L. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9553–9561 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir 20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aguirre, C. I.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

Bo, X. Z.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bock, R. D.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir 20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cathcart, J. M.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cheng, S. Z. D.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cong, H.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir 20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, G.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

Driver, D.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dufresne, E. R.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, S.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[Crossref]

Graham, M. J.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishii, M.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, J. H.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jeong, K. U.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jin, K. Y.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koh, C. Y.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. H.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Lyon, L. A.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martini, N.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGrath, J. G.

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mochrie, S. G. J.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nah, C.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Narayanan, S.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishikawa, K.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[Crossref]

Noh, H.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Norris, D. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osuji, C. O.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S. J.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Parker, A. R.

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patel, N. H.

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Protas, M. E.

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prum, R. O.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pursiainen, O. L.

Qi, L.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reguera, E.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruhl, T.

Sandy, A.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saranathan, V.

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spahn, P.

Stein, A.

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sturm, J. C.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, J.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Thomas, E. L.

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

Townley, H. E.

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viel, B.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, L.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Welch, V. L.

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winkler, H.

Yamada, Y.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yano, K.

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yasuda, T.

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, B.

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong, B. Yu, and X. S. Zhao, “Imitation of variable structural color in paracheirodon innesi using colloidal crystal films,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12799–12808 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. S.

Zhao, Y.

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Colloidal photonic crystal pigments with low angle dependence,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2(11), 3257–3262 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

C. I. Aguirre, E. Reguera, and A. Stein, “Tunable colors in opals and inverse opal photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(16), 2565–2578 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Two-dimensionally ordered copper grid patterns prepared via electroless deposition using a colloidal-crystal film as the template,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1821–1824 (2005).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. (1)

M. E. Protas and N. H. Patel, “Evolution of coloration patterns,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 24(1), 425–446 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

J. G. McGrath, R. D. Bock, J. M. Cathcart, and L. A. Lyon, “Self-assembly of 'paint-on' colloidal crystals using poly(styrene-co-n-isopropylacrylamide) spheres,” Chem. Mater. 19(7), 1584–1591 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

H. Cong, B. Yu, J. Tang, Z. Li, and X. Liu, “Current status and future developments in preparation and application of colloidal crystals,” Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Dyes Pigments (1)

T. Yasuda, K. Nishikawa, and S. Furukawa, “Structural colors from TiO2/SiO2 multilayer flakes prepared by sol–gel process,” Dyes Pigments 92(3), 1122–1125 (2012).
[Crossref]

Integr. Ferroelectr. (1)

S. Wang, B. Yu, H. Cong, Y. Zhao, and W. Wang, “Preparation of narrowly dispersed nanospheres based on diazonium-polystyrene and their stable micropatterns,” Integr. Ferroelectr. 135(1), 103–109 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

H. Cong and B. Yu, “Fabrication of superparamagnetic macroporous Fe3O4 and its derivates using colloidal crystals as templates,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 353(1), 131–136 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

K. U. Jeong, J. H. Jang, C. Y. Koh, M. J. Graham, K. Y. Jin, S. J. Park, C. Nah, M. H. Lee, S. Z. D. Cheng, and E. L. Thomas, “Colour-tunable spiral photonic actuators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(14), 1956–1959 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. B (1)

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Array patterns of binary colloidal crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(5), 1695–1698 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langmuir (2)

Y. Yamada, M. Ishii, T. Nakamura, and K. Yano, “Artificial Black Opal Fabricated from Nanoporous Carbon Spheres,” Langmuir 26(12), 10044–10049 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cong and W. Cao, “Thin film interference of colloidal thin films,” Langmuir 20(19), 8049–8053 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. R. Parker and H. E. Townley, “Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(6), 347–353 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: Opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature 426(6968), 786–787 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, X. Z. Bo, J. C. Sturm, and D. J. Norris, “On-chip natural assembly of silicon photonic bandgap crystals,” Nature 414(6861), 289–293 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

V. Saranathan, C. O. Osuji, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Noh, S. Narayanan, A. Sandy, E. R. Dufresne, and R. O. Prum, “Structure, function, and self-assembly of single network gyroid (I4132) photonic crystals in butterfly wing scales,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(26), 11676–11681 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Zhu, J. Li, L. Chen, L. Wan, and G. Dong, “Ture-color reflection holograms recorded in a single-layer panchromatic dichromated gelatin material,” Proc. SPIE 5636, 245–253 (2005).
[Crossref]

Soft Matter (1)

E. R. Dufresne, H. Noh, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, H. Cao, and R. O. Prum, “Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation,” Soft Matter 5(9), 1792–1795 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of PS colloids and CB-NPs used to prepare hybrid colloidal crystal coatings: (a) 190 nm PS colloids; (b) 217 nm PS colloids; (c) 308 nm PS colloids; (d) 33 nm CB-NPs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photographs of pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a-c) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (d-f) with different diameter PS colloids at a view angle of ~90°. Diameter of the PS colloids: (a) and (d) 190 nm; (b) and (e) 217 nm; (c) and (f) 308nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM sectional images of 217 nm pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV-Vis reflection spectra of pure PS colloidal crystal coatings (a) and PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings (b) with different diameters of PS colloids (The spectra were measured at normal incidence).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photographs of 217 nm PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings observed from different view angles: (a) 30°; (b) 45°; (c) 60°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

UV-Vis reflection spectra of 217 nm PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings collected from different view angles (From left to right, the spectra were measured at 60°, 45° and 30° incident angles, respectively).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photographs of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings with the three primary colors and iridescent derivative colors: (a) and (b) illustrations of the three primary colors for additive and subtractive combination, respectively; (c) and (d) iridescent coating colors by altering the diameters of PS colloids and view angles, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Application of the PS/CB-NPs hybrid colloidal crystal coatings in making manmade opal jewelry: (a), (b) and (c) color variation of the manmade opal jewelry; (d) and (e) color variation of the natural opal jewelry.

Equations (2)

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kλ=2 2/3 D n 2 sin 2 θ k=1,2,3,...
n=(1Φ)nps+Φncb

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