Abstract

We study numerically depressed-index cladding, buried, micro-structured optical waveguides that can be formed in a lithium niobate crystal by femtosecond laser writing. We demonstrate to which extent the waveguiding properties can be controlled by the waveguide geometry at the relatively moderate induced refractive index contrasts that are typical of the direct femtosecond inscription.

© 2013 OSA

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  9. S. Campbell, R. R. Thomson, D. P. Hand, A. K. Kar, D. T. Reid, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Frequency-doubling in femtosecond laser inscribed periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguides,” Opt. Express15, 17146–17150 (2007).
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  13. S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, “Laser processing of sapphire by strongly focused femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. A93, 857–861 (2008).
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  14. R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  16. A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  25. A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser & Photon. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. An, Y. Ren, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Mid-infrared waveguides in zinc sulfide crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express, 3, 466–471 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

A. Okhrimchuk, V. Mezentsev, A. Shestakov, and I. Bennion, “Low loss depressed cladding waveguide inscribed in YAG:Nd single crystal by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express20, 3832–3843 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefriengent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett.6, 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Oskooi and S. G. Johnson, “Distinguishing correct from incorrect PML proposals and a corrected unsplit PML for anisotropic, dispersive media,” J. Comput. Phys.230, 2369–2377 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, “Laser processing of sapphire by strongly focused femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. A93, 857–861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A89, 127–132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Campbell, R. R. Thomson, D. P. Hand, A. K. Kar, D. T. Reid, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Frequency-doubling in femtosecond laser inscribed periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguides,” Opt. Express15, 17146–17150 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (3)

G. Renversez, B. Kuhlmey, and R. McPhedran, “Dispersion management with microstructured optical fibers: ultraflatteend chromatic dispersion with low losses,” Opt. Lett.28, 989–991 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Streltsov, “Femtosecond-laser writing of tracks with depressed refractive index in crystals,” in Conference on Laser Micromachining for Optoelectronic Device Fabrication, A. Ostendorf, ed., Proc. SPIE4941, 51–57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1989).

Allsop, T.

An, Q.

Ancona, A.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Bennion, I.

Brueckner, H. J.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burghoff, J.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A89, 127–132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, S.

Canalias, C.

Chen, F.

F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser & Photon. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. An, Y. Ren, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Mid-infrared waveguides in zinc sulfide crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express, 3, 466–471 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefriengent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett.6, 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Dong, N.

N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefriengent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett.6, 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dubov, M.

A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Allsop, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, and I. Bennion, “Inscription and characterization of waveguides written into borosilicate glass by a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser at 800nm,” Appl. Opt.49, 1938–1950 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Felbacq, D.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Fernandez, A.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Graf, R.

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guenneau, S.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Hand, D. P.

Hartung, H.

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, M.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y.

Q. An, Y. Ren, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Mid-infrared waveguides in zinc sulfide crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express, 3, 466–471 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

A. Oskooi and S. G. Johnson, “Distinguishing correct from incorrect PML proposals and a corrected unsplit PML for anisotropic, dispersive media,” J. Comput. Phys.230, 2369–2377 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D.

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, “Laser processing of sapphire by strongly focused femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. A93, 857–861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

Khrushchev, I.

Kitamura, K.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Kuhlmey, B.

G. Renversez, B. Kuhlmey, and R. McPhedran, “Dispersion management with microstructured optical fibers: ultraflatteend chromatic dispersion with low losses,” Opt. Lett.28, 989–991 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Laurell, F.

Leon-Saval, S.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Liu, Y.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Louchev, O. A.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mezentsev, V.

Mezentsev, V. K.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, “Laser processing of sapphire by strongly focused femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. A93, 857–861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Misawab, H.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J.

Mizeikis, V.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicolet, A.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

Nolte, S.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A89, 127–132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, I. Khrushchev, and J. Mitchell, “Depressed cladding, buried waveguide laser formed in a YAG: Nd3+ crystal by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Lett.30, 2248–2250, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oskooi, A.

A. Oskooi and S. G. Johnson, “Distinguishing correct from incorrect PML proposals and a corrected unsplit PML for anisotropic, dispersive media,” J. Comput. Phys.230, 2369–2377 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Reid, D. T.

Ren, Y.

Q. An, Y. Ren, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Mid-infrared waveguides in zinc sulfide crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express, 3, 466–471 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Renversez, G.

G. Renversez, B. Kuhlmey, and R. McPhedran, “Dispersion management with microstructured optical fibers: ultraflatteend chromatic dispersion with low losses,” Opt. Lett.28, 989–991 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Romero, C.

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, H.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A.

Shestakov, A. V.

Small, D. L.

Steel, M. J.

Streltsov, A. M.

A. M. Streltsov, “Femtosecond-laser writing of tracks with depressed refractive index in crystals,” in Conference on Laser Micromachining for Optoelectronic Device Fabrication, A. Ostendorf, ed., Proc. SPIE4941, 51–57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sudzius, M.

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

Thomas, J.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R. R.

Tsuji, Y.

Tüennermann, A.

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A89, 127–132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turchin, A. V.

A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Q. An, Y. Ren, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Mid-infrared waveguides in zinc sulfide crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express, 3, 466–471 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser & Photon. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefriengent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett.6, 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

White, T. P.

Will, M.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zelmon, D. E.

Zolla, F.

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (4)

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,” Appl. Phys. A77, 109–111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, H. Hartung, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Structural properties of femtosecond laser-induced modifications in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A86, 165–170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, “Laser processing of sapphire by strongly focused femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. A93, 857–861 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. A89, 127–132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Graf, A. Fernandez, M. Dubov, H. J. Brueckner, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Apolonski, “Pearl-chain waveguides written at megahertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B87, 21–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5, 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Juodkazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawab, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, “Three-dimensional recording by tightly focused femtosecond pulses in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, A. Ancona, and A. Tüennermann, “Femtosecond laser-written quasi-phase-matched waveguides in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 2799178, (2007).
[CrossRef]

Conference on Laser Micromachining for Optoelectronic Device Fabrication (1)

A. M. Streltsov, “Femtosecond-laser writing of tracks with depressed refractive index in crystals,” in Conference on Laser Micromachining for Optoelectronic Device Fabrication, A. Ostendorf, ed., Proc. SPIE4941, 51–57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

A. Oskooi and S. G. Johnson, “Distinguishing correct from incorrect PML proposals and a corrected unsplit PML for anisotropic, dispersive media,” J. Comput. Phys.230, 2369–2377 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser & Photon. Rev. (1)

F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser & Photon. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. G. Okhrimchuk, V. K. Mezentsev, H. Schmitz, M. Dubov, and I. Bennion, “Cascaded nonlinear absorption of femtosecond laser pulses in dielectrics,” Laser Phys.19, 1415–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. & Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Turchin, M. Dubov, and J. A. R. Williams, “3D reconstruction of the complex dielectric function of glass during femtosecond laser micro-fabrication,” Opt. & Quantum Electron.42, 873–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett. (1)

N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefriengent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: Rapid Research Lett.6, 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, D. Felbacq, A. Argyros, and S. Leon-Saval, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2012).

L. Dong, W. Wong, and M. E. Fermann, “Single mode propagation in fibers and rods with large leakage channels,” Patent US 2013/0089113 A1 (2013), http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US7787729 .

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

I. Bennion, M. Dubov, I. Khruschev, A. Okhrimchuck, and A. Shestakov, “Laser inscription of optical structures in crystals,” Patent WO 2005040874 A2 (2005), http://www.google.com/patents/WO2005040874A2 .

R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, eds., Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials, Topics in Applied Physics 123 (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1989).

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