Abstract

We demonstrate bidirectional transmission over 450 km of newly-developed dual-ring structured 12-core fiber with large effective area and low crosstalk. Inter-core crosstalk is suppressed by employing propagation-direction interleaving, and 409-Tb/s capacities are achieved for both directions.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM Transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-Core Fiber with a per-Fiber Net Aggregate Spectral-Efficiency Distance Product of 40,320 km∙b/s/Hz,” ECOC2011, Paper Th.13.C.4.
  3. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s,” OFC/NFOEC2012, Paper PDP5C.1.
  4. H. Takara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, H. Masuda, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, H. Kubota, K. Shibahara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miaymoto, “1000-km 7-core fiber transmission of 10 x 96-Gb/s PDM-16QAM using Raman amplification with 6.5 W per fiber,” Opt. Express20(9), 10100–10105 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed Transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz Aggregate Spectral Efficiency,” ECOC2012, Paper Th.3.C.1.
  6. H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. T. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y.Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K.Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First Demonstration of MC-EDFA-Repeatered SDM Transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK Signals per Core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” ECOC2012, Paper Th.3.C.3.
  7. D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. N. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s Transmission with 109b/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency using Hybrid Single- and Few-Mode Cores,” FiO2012, Paper FW6C.3.
  8. H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Ito, E. L. T. de Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, and K. Fukuchi, “Reduction of Influence of Inter-core Cross-talk in MCF with Bidirectional Assignment between Neighboring Cores,” OFC/NFOEC2013, Paper OTh3K.2.
  10. A. Färbert, G. Mohs, S. Spälter, J.-P. Elbers, C. Fürst, A. Schöpflin, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, and C. Glingener, “7 Tb/s (176 x 40 Gb/s) bidirectional interleaved transmission with 50 GHz channel spacing,” ECOC2000, Paper PD1.3.
  11. S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, and L. Nelson, “25 GHz interleaved transmission over non-zero dispersion shifted fiber,” OFC2001, Paper ThF7.
  12. S. Yamanaka, T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, M. Nagatani, and H. Nosaka, “Nyquist-WDM Transmission of 7 x 192 Gb/s PDM 16-QAM Signals Using High-Speed DACs Operating at 42 GS/s,” Photonics West 2013, Paper 8646–24.
  13. M. Nagatani, H. Nosaka, K. Sano, K. Murata, K. Kurishima, and M. Ida, “A 60-GS/s 6-bit DAC in 0.5-μm InP HBT Technology for Optical Communications Systems,” IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symp. (CSICS), Dig., 127–130 (2011).
  14. H. Masuda and Y. Miyamoto, “Low-noise extended L-band phosphorus co-doped silicate EDFA consisting of novel two-stage gain-flattened gain blocks,” Electron. Lett.44(18), 1082–1083 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, H. Masuda, K. Ishihara, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, H. Yamazaki, and T. Yamada, “160-Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed 16-QAM long-haul transmission over 3,123 km using digital coherent receiver with digital PLL based frequency offset compensator,” OFC/NFOEC2010, Paper OTuD1.
  16. D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC Convolutional Codes using Layered Decoding Algorithm for High Speed Coherent Optical Transmission,” OFC/NFOEC2012, Paper OW1H.4.

2013 (1)

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2008 (1)

H. Masuda and Y. Miyamoto, “Low-noise extended L-band phosphorus co-doped silicate EDFA consisting of novel two-stage gain-flattened gain blocks,” Electron. Lett.44(18), 1082–1083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, H. Masuda, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, H. Kubota, K. Shibahara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miaymoto, “1000-km 7-core fiber transmission of 10 x 96-Gb/s PDM-16QAM using Raman amplification with 6.5 W per fiber,” Opt. Express20(9), 10100–10105 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Awaji, Y.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kubota, H.

Masuda, H.

Matsuo, S.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, H. Masuda, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, H. Kubota, K. Shibahara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miaymoto, “1000-km 7-core fiber transmission of 10 x 96-Gb/s PDM-16QAM using Raman amplification with 6.5 W per fiber,” Opt. Express20(9), 10100–10105 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miaymoto, Y.

Miyamoto, Y.

H. Masuda and Y. Miyamoto, “Low-noise extended L-band phosphorus co-doped silicate EDFA consisting of novel two-stage gain-flattened gain blocks,” Electron. Lett.44(18), 1082–1083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, H. Masuda, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, H. Kubota, K. Shibahara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miaymoto, “1000-km 7-core fiber transmission of 10 x 96-Gb/s PDM-16QAM using Raman amplification with 6.5 W per fiber,” Opt. Express20(9), 10100–10105 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletti, F.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shibahara, K.

Shikama, K.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

Takenaga, K.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, H. Masuda, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, H. Kubota, K. Shibahara, T. Kobayashi, and Y. Miaymoto, “1000-km 7-core fiber transmission of 10 x 96-Gb/s PDM-16QAM using Raman amplification with 6.5 W per fiber,” Opt. Express20(9), 10100–10105 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winzer, P. J.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Ono, M. Yamada, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, Y. Abe, K. Shikama, and T. Takahashi, “Amplification method for crosstalk reduction in multi-core fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett.49(2), 138–140 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Masuda and Y. Miyamoto, “Low-noise extended L-band phosphorus co-doped silicate EDFA consisting of novel two-stage gain-flattened gain blocks,” Electron. Lett.44(18), 1082–1083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), S31–S42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (12)

S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM Transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-Core Fiber with a per-Fiber Net Aggregate Spectral-Efficiency Distance Product of 40,320 km∙b/s/Hz,” ECOC2011, Paper Th.13.C.4.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s,” OFC/NFOEC2012, Paper PDP5C.1.

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, H. Masuda, K. Ishihara, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, H. Yamazaki, and T. Yamada, “160-Gb/s Polarization-Multiplexed 16-QAM long-haul transmission over 3,123 km using digital coherent receiver with digital PLL based frequency offset compensator,” OFC/NFOEC2010, Paper OTuD1.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC Convolutional Codes using Layered Decoding Algorithm for High Speed Coherent Optical Transmission,” OFC/NFOEC2012, Paper OW1H.4.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed Transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz Aggregate Spectral Efficiency,” ECOC2012, Paper Th.3.C.1.

H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. T. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y.Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K.Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First Demonstration of MC-EDFA-Repeatered SDM Transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK Signals per Core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” ECOC2012, Paper Th.3.C.3.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. N. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s Transmission with 109b/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency using Hybrid Single- and Few-Mode Cores,” FiO2012, Paper FW6C.3.

T. Ito, E. L. T. de Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, and K. Fukuchi, “Reduction of Influence of Inter-core Cross-talk in MCF with Bidirectional Assignment between Neighboring Cores,” OFC/NFOEC2013, Paper OTh3K.2.

A. Färbert, G. Mohs, S. Spälter, J.-P. Elbers, C. Fürst, A. Schöpflin, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, and C. Glingener, “7 Tb/s (176 x 40 Gb/s) bidirectional interleaved transmission with 50 GHz channel spacing,” ECOC2000, Paper PD1.3.

S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, and L. Nelson, “25 GHz interleaved transmission over non-zero dispersion shifted fiber,” OFC2001, Paper ThF7.

S. Yamanaka, T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, M. Nagatani, and H. Nosaka, “Nyquist-WDM Transmission of 7 x 192 Gb/s PDM 16-QAM Signals Using High-Speed DACs Operating at 42 GS/s,” Photonics West 2013, Paper 8646–24.

M. Nagatani, H. Nosaka, K. Sano, K. Murata, K. Kurishima, and M. Ida, “A 60-GS/s 6-bit DAC in 0.5-μm InP HBT Technology for Optical Communications Systems,” IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symp. (CSICS), Dig., 127–130 (2011).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Crosstalk and normalized effective area of recent MCF transmission experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Double-Ring Structure 12-core fiber with propagation-direction interleaving

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration (a) and Gain/NF performance (b) of MC-EDFA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration of Fan-In/Fan/Out.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Core-averaged crosstalk after 50-km transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Q-factor as a function of transmission distance.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical spectra after 450-km transmission.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Q-factors (a) and constellations (b) after 450-km transmission.

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