Abstract

W-band wireless transmission has attracted a lot of interest due to its wider available bandwidth (i.e. 75-110 GHz). In this article, we propose a direct-detection orthogonal frequency division multiplexing radio over fiber (OFDM-RoF) system via two cascaded single-drive MZMs at center frequency of 103 GHz. We discuss maximum bandwidth of different modulation formats under forward error correction (FEC) threshold (3.8x10−3). Up to 40-Gbps 16-QAM OFDM signals is achieved over 25-km fiber and 2-m wireless transmission. To overcome the penalty from uneven frequency response, bit-loading algorithm is applied to discuss data rate and spectral efficiency with signal bandwidth from 5 to 10 GHz. With 10-GHz bandwidth, 46.4-Gb/s data rate and 4.64-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency was achieved. To achieve 40-Gbps data rate, the required bandwidth of OFDM signal with bit-loading is 2 GHz less than that without bit-loading.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Pollet, M. Van Bladel, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.43(2), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Caballero, A.

Cao, Z.

Chang, G. K.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, W. J. Jiang, and S. Chi, “Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2296–2306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N. W.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

Chi, S.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, W. J. Jiang, and S. Chi, “Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2296–2306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, H. P.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S. P.

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Gee-Kung Chang,

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hosako, I.

Huang, C. B.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, K.

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. J.

Jianjun Yu,

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Li, X.

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, W. J. Jiang, and S. Chi, “Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2296–2306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

Moeneclaey, M.

T. Pollet, M. Van Bladel, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.43(2), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

Morohashi, I.

Pan, C. L.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pollet, T.

T. Pollet, M. Van Bladel, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.43(2), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Sambaraju, R.

Shao, Y.

Shi, J. W.

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shih, P. T.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, W. J. Jiang, and S. Chi, “Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2296–2306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su,

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, L.

Ting Wang,

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Bladel, M.

T. Pollet, M. Van Bladel, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.43(2), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yi, Y.

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, Y.

Yu, J.

Zhang, J.

Zhensheng Jia, L.

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zibar, D.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

C. B. Huang, J. W. Shi, N. W. Chen, H. P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. L. Pan, “Remotely Up-Converted 20-Gbit/s Error-Free Wireless On–Off-Keying Data Transmission at W-Band Using an Ultra-Wideband Photonic Transmitter-Mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jianjun Yu, L. Zhensheng Jia, Y. Yi, Su, Gee-Kung Chang, and Ting Wang, “Optical Millimeter Wave Generation or Up-conversion Using External Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, S. P. Dai, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “A Novel Direct Detection Microwave Photonic Vector Modulation Scheme for Radio-Over-Fiber System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1106–1108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Pollet, M. Van Bladel, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.43(2), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

C. Lin, A. Ng'oma, L. Wang He, W. Jiang, F. Annunziata, J. Chen, P. Shih, and S. Chi, “31 Gbps RoF System Employing Adaptive Bit-Loading OFDM Modulation at 60 GHz,” in Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, paper OWT7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of DD OFDM-RoF system at 103 GHz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) BER curves of 16-QAM OFDM signals. (b) 16-QAM OFDM constellations with optical received power of −1 dBm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER versus different bandwidth with 16-QAM, 32-QAM, and 64-QAM modulated OFDM signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

7.3-GHz 32-QAM and 4-GHz 64-QAM constellations with/without fiber transmission

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Each SNR and corresponding modulation format with bit-loading algorithm with 25-km fiber transmission

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Constellations with bit-loading algorithm over 25-km fiber transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Subcarrier number of each modulation format and corresponding spectral efficiency versus signal bandwidth from 5 GHz to 10 GHz.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Data rate and spectral efficiency in different bandwidth with/without 25-km fiber transmission.

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