Abstract

Metamaterial terahertz absorbers composed of a frequency selective layer followed by a spacer and a metallic backplane have recently attracted great attention as a device to detect terahertz radiation. In this work, we present a quasistatic dynamic circuit model that can decently describe operational principle of metamaterial terahertz absorbers based on interference theory of reflected waves. The model comprises two series LC resonance components, one for resonance in frequency selective surface (FSS) and another for resonance inside the spacer. Absorption frequency is dominantly determined by the LC of FSS while the spacer LC changes slightly the magnitude and frequency of absorption. This model fits perfectly for both simulated and experimental data. By using this model, we study our designed absorber and we analyze the effect of changing in spacer thickness and metal conductivity on absorption spectrum.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (3)

Y. Zeng, H. T. Chen, and D. A. R. Dalvit, “The role of magnetic dipoles and non-zero-order Bragg waves in metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express21(3), 3540–3546 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers”IEEE Trans. AntennasPropag.61(3), 1201–1210 (2013).

D. S. Wilbert, M. P. Hokmabadi, J. Martinez, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Terahertz metamaterial perfect absorbers for sensing and imaging,” Proc. SPIE8585, 85850Y, 85850Y-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (14)

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Amore, V. D. Santis, and M. Feliziani, “Equivalent circuit modeling of frequency-selective surfaces based on nanostructured transparent thin films,” IEEE Trans. Magn.48(2), 703–706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakata, T. Okada, T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, “Circuit model for hybridization modes in metamaterials and its analogy to quantum tight-bonding model,” Phys. Status Solidi B249(11), 2293–2302 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater.24(23), OP98–OP120, OP181 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Karamanos, A. I. Dimitriadis, and N. V. Kantartzis, “Compact double-negative metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonators,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett.11, 480–483 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Gu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “Ultra-thin broadband metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.108(1), 19–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Feng, M. Pu, C. Hu, and X. Luo, “Engineering the dispersion of metamaterial surface for broadband infrared absorption,” Opt. Lett.37(11), 2133–2135 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Peng, B. Wang, S. Lai, D. H. Zhang, and J. H. Teng, “Ultrathin multi-band planar metamaterial absorber based on standing wave resonances,” Opt. Express20(25), 27756–27765 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Ye, Y. Liu, H. Lin, M. Li, and H. Yang, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber made of multi-gap SRRs structure,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.107(1), 155–160 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Huang, D. R. Chowdhury, S. Ramani, M. T. Reiten, S. N. Luo, A. J. Taylor, and H. T. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of terahertz metamaterial absorbers with a broad and flat high absorption band,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 154–156 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Nature Light: Science and Applications1, 1–5 (2012).

M. Iwanaga, “Photonic metamaterials: a new class of materials for manipulating light waves,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater.13(5), 053002–053019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2009 (1)

2008 (5)

F. Medina, F. Mesa, and R. Maraques, “Extraordinary transmission through arrays of electrically small holes from a circuit theory perspective” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory and Techn. 56(12) 3108–3120 (2008).

N. Laman and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz conductivity of thin metal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(5), 051105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, E. Smirnova, and J. F. Ohara, “Characterization and analysis of terahertz metamaterial based on rectangular split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Laman, S. S. Harsha, D. Grischkowsky, and J. S. Melinger, “High-resolution waveguide THz spectroscopy of biological molecules,” Biophys. J.94(3), 1010–1020 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

R. Appleby, “Standoff detection of weapons and contraband in the 100 GHz to 1 THz region” IEEE Trans. AntennasPropag.55(11), 2944–2956 (2007).

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Lorentz model for metamaterials: optical frequency resonance circuit,” Phys. Rev. B75(20), 205102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
[CrossRef]

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

R. J. Longley, “Double-square frequency-selective surfaces and their equivalent circuit,” Electron. Lett.19(17), 675–677 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Alici, K. B.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amore, M. D.

M. D. Amore, V. D. Santis, and M. Feliziani, “Equivalent circuit modeling of frequency-selective surfaces based on nanostructured transparent thin films,” IEEE Trans. Magn.48(2), 703–706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appleby, R.

R. Appleby, “Standoff detection of weapons and contraband in the 100 GHz to 1 THz region” IEEE Trans. AntennasPropag.55(11), 2944–2956 (2007).

Arnone, D. D.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

Aydin, K.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, E. Smirnova, and J. F. Ohara, “Characterization and analysis of terahertz metamaterial based on rectangular split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baena, J. D.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balci, S.

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, W.

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bilotti, F.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bingham, C. M.

Bonache, J.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boyles, M. A.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burger, S.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Butler, L.

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

Chandra, K. M.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Flower, D. A.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Fukasawa, R.

N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
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Genovesi, S.

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers”IEEE Trans. AntennasPropag.61(3), 1201–1210 (2013).

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J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
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Girard, J. H.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Grischkowsky, D.

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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Han, J.

Harsha, S. S.

N. Laman, S. S. Harsha, D. Grischkowsky, and J. S. Melinger, “High-resolution waveguide THz spectroscopy of biological molecules,” Biophys. J.94(3), 1010–1020 (2008).
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Harwood, R. S.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Heimbeck, M. S.

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
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Holden, J. R.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Hu, C.

Huang, L.

Imaizumi, M.

N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
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N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
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. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Ozbay, E.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

Pang, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Zhao, and J. Wang, “Equivalent circuit model analysis of the influence of frequency selective surfaces on the frequency response of metamaterial absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys.110(2), 023704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Patel, D. M.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X. Y.

Pepper, M.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perun, V. S.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pickett, H. M.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Portillo, M. F.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

Pukala, O.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pumphrey, H. C.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pye, R. J.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quintero, D. M.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramani, S.

Read, W. G.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reiten, M. T.

Saha, S. C.

Santee, M. L.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Santis, V. D.

M. D. Amore, V. D. Santis, and M. Feliziani, “Equivalent circuit modeling of frequency-selective surfaces based on nanostructured transparent thin films,” IEEE Trans. Magn.48(2), 703–706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scaff, W.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, F.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, M. J.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, G.

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

Siegel, P. H.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sillero, R. M.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, E.

A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, E. Smirnova, and J. F. Ohara, “Characterization and analysis of terahertz metamaterial based on rectangular split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martin, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. Garcia-Garcia, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
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S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stek, P. C.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sumitomo, M.

N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
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Sun, J.

Tao, H.

Taylor, A. J.

L. Huang, D. R. Chowdhury, S. Ramani, M. T. Reiten, S. N. Luo, A. J. Taylor, and H. T. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of terahertz metamaterial absorbers with a broad and flat high absorption band,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 154–156 (2012).
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A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, E. Smirnova, and J. F. Ohara, “Characterization and analysis of terahertz metamaterial based on rectangular split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(1), 011119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teng, J. H.

Thurstans, R. P.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Tope, P. A.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toscano, A.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Snyder, M. C.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vegni, L.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent circuit models for the design of metamaterial based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wagner,

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walch, M. J.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, V. P.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

Wang, J.

Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Zhao, and J. Wang, “Equivalent circuit model analysis of the influence of frequency selective surfaces on the frequency response of metamaterial absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys.110(2), 023704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Waters, . W.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater.24(23), OP98–OP120, OP181 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, Q. Y.

Wilbert, D. S.

D. S. Wilbert, M. P. Hokmabadi, J. Martinez, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Terahertz metamaterial perfect absorbers for sensing and imaging,” Proc. SPIE8585, 85850Y, 85850Y-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Butler, D. S. Wilbert, W. Baughman, S. Balci, P. Kung, S. M. Kim, M. S. Heimbeck, and H. O. Everitt, “Design, simulation and characterization of THz metamaterial absorber,” Proc. SPIE8363, 83630J, 83630J-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, R. M.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, D. L.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Q. Wu, M. F. Wu, F. Y. Meng, J. Wu, and L. W. Li, “Modeling the effect of n individual SRR by equivalent circuit method” IEEE Antenna and Propagation Society International Symposium, (Washington DC, 2005), 1B. pp. 631–634.

Wu, M. F.

Q. Wu, M. F. Wu, F. Y. Meng, J. Wu, and L. W. Li, “Modeling the effect of n individual SRR by equivalent circuit method” IEEE Antenna and Propagation Society International Symposium, (Washington DC, 2005), 1B. pp. 631–634.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, M. F. Wu, F. Y. Meng, J. Wu, and L. W. Li, “Modeling the effect of n individual SRR by equivalent circuit method” IEEE Antenna and Propagation Society International Symposium, (Washington DC, 2005), 1B. pp. 631–634.

Xie, Y. S.

Yang, H.

Q. Ye, Y. Liu, H. Lin, M. Li, and H. Yang, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber made of multi-gap SRRs structure,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.107(1), 155–160 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Ye, Q.

Q. Ye, Y. Liu, H. Lin, M. Li, and H. Yang, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber made of multi-gap SRRs structure,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.107(1), 155–160 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yibo Jiang, B. W.

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yue, W.

Zeng, Y.

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T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Lorentz model for metamaterials: optical frequency resonance circuit,” Phys. Rev. B75(20), 205102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. H.

Zhang, H. W.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Nature Light: Science and Applications1, 1–5 (2012).

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, X.

Y. Liu, S. Gu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “Ultra-thin broadband metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.108(1), 19–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. J.

Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Zhao, and J. Wang, “Equivalent circuit model analysis of the influence of frequency selective surfaces on the frequency response of metamaterial absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys.110(2), 023704 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Nature Light: Science and Applications1, 1–5 (2012).

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J. Sun, L. Liu, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “An extremely broad band metamaterial absorber based on destructive interference,” Opt. Express19(22), 21155–21162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, G. Dolling, M. W. Klein, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, and M. Wegener, “Photonic metamaterials: magnetism at optical frequencies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1097–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater.24(23), OP98–OP120, OP181 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Q. Ye, Y. Liu, H. Lin, M. Li, and H. Yang, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber made of multi-gap SRRs structure,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.107(1), 155–160 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, S. Gu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “Ultra-thin broadband metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.108(1), 19–24 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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N. Laman, S. S. Harsha, D. Grischkowsky, and J. S. Melinger, “High-resolution waveguide THz spectroscopy of biological molecules,” Biophys. J.94(3), 1010–1020 (2008).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

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F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers”IEEE Trans. AntennasPropag.61(3), 1201–1210 (2013).

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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, R. S. Harwood, R. F. Jarnot, H. M. Pickett, W. G. Read, P. H. Siegel, R. E. Cofield, M. J. Filipiak, D. A. Flower, J. R. Holden, G. K. Lau, N. J. Livesey, G. L. Manney, H. C. Pumphrey, M. L. Santee, D. L. Wu, D. T. Cuddy, R. R. Lay, M. S. Loo, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, M. A. Boyles, K. M. Chandra, M. C. Chavez, B. V. Gun-Shing Chen, R. Chudasama, R. A. Dodge, M. A. Fuller, J. H. Girard, Jiang, B. W. Yibo Jiang, R. C. Knosp, J. C. LaBelle, K. A. Lam, D. Lee, J. E. Miller, N. C. Oswald, D. M. Patel, O. Pukala, D. M. Quintero, W. Scaff, M. C. Van Snyder, P. A. Tope, Wagner, and M. J. Walch, “The earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the Aura satellite,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(5), 1075–1092 (2006).
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Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Lorentz model for metamaterials: optical frequency resonance circuit,” Phys. Rev. B75(20), 205102 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

D. S. Wilbert, M. P. Hokmabadi, J. Martinez, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Terahertz metamaterial perfect absorbers for sensing and imaging,” Proc. SPIE8585, 85850Y, 85850Y-6 (2013).
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Science (1)

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Nagai, M. Sumitomo, M. Imaizumi, M. Imaizumi, and R. Fukasawa, “Characterization of electron- or proton-irradiated Si space solar cells by THz spectroscopy,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.21(2), 201–209 (2006).
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Solid-State Electron. (1)

S. Balci, W. Baughman, D. S. Wilbert, G. Shen, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Characteristics of THz carrier dynamics in GaN thin film and ZnO nanowires by temperature dependent terahertz time domain spectroscopy measurement,” Solid-State Electron.78, 68–74 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Q. Wu, M. F. Wu, F. Y. Meng, J. Wu, and L. W. Li, “Modeling the effect of n individual SRR by equivalent circuit method” IEEE Antenna and Propagation Society International Symposium, (Washington DC, 2005), 1B. pp. 631–634.

L. A. Butler, “Design, simulation, fabrication, and characterizations of terahertz metamaterial devices” http://acumen.lib.ua.edu/content/u0015/0000001/0000899/u0015_0000001_0000899.pdf

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Quasistatic RLC model for a perfect MMTA with 100% absorption. (b) Schematic of the FSS of absorber which gray band is copper deposited on polyimide (c) three dimensional picture of the absorber. The space between patterned plane and metal backplane is polyimide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Complete quasistatic RLC model for a MMTA with current loops corresponding to first reflected beam (I1) and collective reflection from spacer cavity (I2). (b) Schematic of reflection beams in a MMTA. I1 is the first reflected beam and I2 is collective reflection spacer cavity. In perfect absorption case, I1 and I2 are out of phase and equal-magnitude.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Lorentzian fitting of the simulation data of absorber A with 7 µm polyimide thickness.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fitting results for absorber A by using RLC model. Circular dots are simulation data for 7 µm MMTA and square dots are simulation data for 6 and 9 µm in figures a and b respectively. Solid line is the fittings for non-perfect MMTA and dashed line is the fitting for perfect case. Insets are fitting of simulation with finer frequency at peaks by using the electric model.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Fitting results for absorber B by using RLC model. Circular dots are simulation data for 7.5 µm polyimide thickness and square dots are measured data for 10.7 µm polyimide thickness in the sample. Solid and dashed lines are the fitting results. (b) Effect of the changing in conductivity of copper on FSS reflection. Solid line is for σ=6× 10 7 S/m and dashed line is for σ=6× 10 6 S/m

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Electric field strength and current density distribution on FSS. White arrows indicate to the path of the resonance current. (b) Equivalent circuit model of the FSS with red arrows indicating to the resonance current path. (c) Current density and electric field profile on the backplane with black arrows showing the current path.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Dimensions of the simulated and fabricated absorbers

Tables Icon

Table 2 Parameters extracted from fitting for simulation data of the absorber A with three different polyimide thicknesses

Tables Icon

Table 3 Parameters extracted from fitting for simulation and experiment data of the absorber B and C.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f(x)=I( γ 2 [ (x x 0 ) 2 + γ 2 ] )
| V o V i | 2 = (RCω) 2 (1LC ω 2 ) 2 + (RCω) 2
| V o V i |= R 2 [ ( R p C p C ω 2 ) 2 + ( Cω L p C p C ω 3 ) 2 ] [1+LC L p C p ω 4 (LC+ L p C p +R R p C C p ) ω 2 ] 2 +... ... [( R p C+RC+ R p C p )ω( R p C p LC+ R p L p C p C+R L p C p C) ω 3 ] 2
L=0.5(2 L 2 + L 3 )+2 L 1

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