Abstract

Laser Tomographic and Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics systems rely on natural guide stars to sense low order aberrations (tip/tilt and focus). LIFT is a novel focal plane wavefront sensor (WFS), performing a maximum likelihood phase retrieval on a single image, with better sensitivity than a 2×2 Hartmann-Shack WFS. Its performance for the estimation of tip/tilt and focus is similar to a pyramid WFS without modulation, but with a simpler set-up. We present here the LIFT concept and associated data processing, as well as experimental results. We validate the estimation of tip/tilt and focus, with monochromatic and large bandwidth light, and verify the low noise sensitivity predicted by theory.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).
  3. G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).
  5. G. Rousset, “Wave-front sensors,” in Adaptive Optics in Astronomy, F. Roddier, (Cambridge University, 1999) 91–130.
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Roddier, “Curvature sensing and compensation: a new concept in adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt.27(7), 1223–1225 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. Guyon, “Limits of adaptive optics for high contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J.629, 592–614 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt.43(2), 289–293 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys.350, L23–L26 (1999).
  10. C. Verinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun.233, 27–38 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Dekany, Caltech Optical Observatories, Physics, Math and Astronomy Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 91125, USA (personal communication).
  12. C. Paterson and J. C. Dainty, “Hybrid curvature and gradient wave-front sensor,” Opt. Lett.25(23), 1687–1689 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Barwick, “Performance comparison between Shack-Hartmann and astigmatic hybrid wavefront sensors,” Appl. Opt.48(36), 6967–6972 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng.21, 829–832 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Mocoeur, L. M. Mugnier, and F. Cassaing, “Analytical solution to the phase-diversity problem for real-time wavefront sensing,” Opt. Lett.34(22), 3487–3489 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and L. M. Mugnier, “LIFT: a focal-plane wavefront sensor for real-time low-order sensing on faint sources,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3036–3038 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).
  18. R. A. Gonsalves, “Small-phase solution to the phase-retrieval problem,” Opt. Lett.26(10), 684–685 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L.A. Poyneer and B. Macintosh, “Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.21, 810–819 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).
  22. M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

2010 (4)

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and L. M. Mugnier, “LIFT: a focal-plane wavefront sensor for real-time low-order sensing on faint sources,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3036–3038 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2006 (2)

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

O. Guyon, “Limits of adaptive optics for high contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J.629, 592–614 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

C. Verinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun.233, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L.A. Poyneer and B. Macintosh, “Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.21, 810–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys.350, L23–L26 (1999).

1996 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt.43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

1982 (1)

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng.21, 829–832 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Amans, J.-P.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, D. A.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balard, P.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Barwick, S.

Bec, M.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Bellazzini, M.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Biliotti, V.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Boccas, M.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Boutolleau, D.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, C.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bregoli, G.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Cassaing, F.

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Mocoeur, L. M. Mugnier, and F. Cassaing, “Analytical solution to the phase-diversity problem for real-time wavefront sensing,” Opt. Lett.34(22), 3487–3489 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chazalet, F.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ciliegi, P.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Clare, R.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clenet, Y.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, D. K.

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

Cohen, M.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Conan, J.-M.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cosentino, G.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

D’Odorico, S.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

D’Orgeville, C.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Dainty, J. C.

Daruich, F.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Davidge, T.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dekany, R.

R. Dekany, Caltech Optical Observatories, Physics, Math and Astronomy Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 91125, USA (personal communication).

Derelle, S.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deschamps, J.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Destefanis, G.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Diolaiti, E.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Downing, M.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ellerbroek, B. L.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Erickson, D. A.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Farinato, J.

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys.350, L23–L26 (1999).

Feautrier, P.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fesquet, V.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Foppiani, I.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Fusco, T.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and L. M. Mugnier, “LIFT: a focal-plane wavefront sensor for real-time low-order sensing on faint sources,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3036–3038 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).

Gach, J.-L.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Galvez, R.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Garcia-Rissmann, A.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Gausachs, G.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Gee, W. H.

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

Gendron, E.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, L.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gonsalves, R. A.

R. A. Gonsalves, “Small-phase solution to the phase-retrieval problem,” Opt. Lett.26(10), 684–685 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng.21, 829–832 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gratadour, D.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guillaume, C.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guyon, O.

O. Guyon, “Limits of adaptive optics for high contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J.629, 592–614 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Herriot, G.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hickson, P.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ivert, O.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jagourel, P.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jorden, P.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kasper, M.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kerlain, A.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kern, P.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kolb, J.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lewkowicz, J.

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

Lhermet, N.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lombini, M.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Ludeke, M.

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

Macintosh, B.

L.A. Poyneer and B. Macintosh, “Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.21, 810–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marchetti, E.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Meimon, S.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and L. M. Mugnier, “LIFT: a focal-plane wavefront sensor for real-time low-order sensing on faint sources,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3036–3038 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

Michau, V.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mocoeur, I.

Moulin, T.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, L. M.

Neichel, B.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nicolle, M.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pacaud, O.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, C.

Paufique, J.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perez, G.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Petit, C.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plantet, C.

C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

Powell, I. P.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poyneer, L.A.

L.A. Poyneer and B. Macintosh, “Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.21, 810–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Preis, O.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ragazzoni, R.

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys.350, L23–L26 (1999).

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt.43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ravex, A.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, J.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rigaut, F.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Robert, C.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roddier, F.

Rothman, J.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nicolle, T. Fusco, G. Rousset, and V. Michau, “Improvement of Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor measurement for extreme adaptive optics,” Opt. Lett.29(18), 2743–2745 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rousset, “Wave-front sensors,” in Adaptive Optics in Astronomy, F. Roddier, (Cambridge University, 1999) 91–130.
[CrossRef]

Saddlemyer, L.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sauvage, J.-F.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Schnetler, H.

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, L.

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Skegg, M.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stadler, E.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suske, W.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tanchon, J.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, S.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tokovinin, A.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trancho, G.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Trollier, T.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Upadhya, V.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Vedrenne, N.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Veran, J.-P.

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Verinaud, C.

C. Verinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun.233, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vucina, T.

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

Vuillermet, M.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Walker, A.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zins, G.

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys.350, L23–L26 (1999).

Astrophys. J. (1)

O. Guyon, “Limits of adaptive optics for high contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J.629, 592–614 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt.43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

L.A. Poyneer and B. Macintosh, “Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.21, 810–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Cohen, W. H. Gee, M. Ludeke, and J. Lewkowicz, “Automatic focus control: the astigmatic lens approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.23, 565–570 (1984).

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Verinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun.233, 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng.21, 829–832 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. AO4ELT (1)

E. Diolaiti, J.-M. Conan, I. Foppiani, M. Lombini, E. Marchetti, C. Petit, C. Robert, L. Schreiber, A. Baruffolo, M. Bellazzini, G. Bregoli, P. Ciliegi, G. Cosentino, V. Biliotti, S. D’Odorico, T. Fusco, N. Hubin, S. Meimon, and J.-F. Sauvage, “MAORY E-ELT multi-conjugate adaptive optics module,” Proc. AO4ELT02007 (2011).

Proc. SPIE (5)

G. Herriot, P. Hickson, B. L. Ellerbroek, D. A. Andersen, T. Davidge, D. A. Erickson, I. P. Powell, R. Clare, L. Gilles, C. Boyer, M. Smith, L. Saddlemyer, and J.-P. Veran, “NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field, near-infrared facility adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE627262720Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Neichel, F. Rigaut, M. Bec, M. Boccas, F. Daruich, C. D’Orgeville, V. Fesquet, R. Galvez, A. Garcia-Rissmann, G. Gausachs, M. Lombini, G. Perez, G. Trancho, V. Upadhya, and T. Vucina, “The Gemini MCAO System GeMS: nearing the end of a lab-story,” Proc. SPIE7736773606-1 (2010).

T. Fusco, S. Meimon, Y. Clenet, M. Cohen, H. Schnetler, J. Paufique, V. Michau, J.-P. Amans, D. Gratadour, C. Petit, C. Robert, P. Jagourel, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, J.-M. Conan, and N. Hubin, “ATLAS: the E-ELT laser tomographic adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE773677360D (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and F. Cassaing, “A focal plane sensor for low-order sensing on laser tomographic systems: LIFT,” Proc. SPIE7736773611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Feautrier, J.-L. Gach, M. Downing, P. Jorden, J. Kolb, J. Rothman, T. Fusco, P. Balard, E. Stadler, C. Guillaume, D. Boutolleau, G. Destefanis, N. Lhermet, O. Pacaud, M. Vuillermet, A. Kerlain, N. Hubin, J. Reyes, M. Kasper, O. Ivert, W. Suske, A. Walker, M. Skegg, S. Derelle, J. Deschamps, C. Robert, N. Vedrenne, F. Chazalet, J. Tanchon, T. Trollier, A. Ravex, G. Zins, P. Kern, T. Moulin, and O. Preis, “Advances in detector technologies for visible and infrared wavefront sensing,” Proc. SPIE8447, 84470Q (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. Plantet, B. Neichel, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “LIFT, a noise-effective low order focal-plane sensor: from theory to full experimental validation,” Proc. SPIE (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Plantet, S. Meimon, T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, “Experimental validation of the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT),” Proc. AO4ELT2 (2011).

G. Rousset, “Wave-front sensors,” in Adaptive Optics in Astronomy, F. Roddier, (Cambridge University, 1999) 91–130.
[CrossRef]

R. Dekany, Caltech Optical Observatories, Physics, Math and Astronomy Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 91125, USA (personal communication).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulation of the linearity domain with different numbers of iterations for tip and focus. Phase offset: 0.4 rad of astigmatism. Monochromatic light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation of the minimization criterion value depending on the assumed focus. The curves are plotted for an offset phase at 0.4 rad, in focus or astigmatism. In the case of a focus offset, the estimated focus is 0.2 rad in (a) and −0.2 in (b). In the case of an astigmatism offset, the estimated focus is the true focus in (a) and (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation of the minimization criterion value depending on the assumed focus and on the astigmatism offset. Dashed line: starting point. White dotted line: true focus to estimate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

α and β computed over 3 modes (tip/tilt/focus) depending on the amount of astigmatism introduced as phase offset (in absolute value).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variance of the error on tip estimation for LIFT, the center of gravity and the weighted center of gravity at Shannon sampling on 8×8 pixels. Read-out noise = 10 e. Lines : theory. Symbols : simulations. The weighting used for the WCoG is a Gaussian, and the estimation is corrected by an unbiasing factor. The parameters are Nt = Nw = 2 (Nt : FWHM of the aberrated spot, Nw : FWHM of the weighting function, see reference [23]).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulation of the total variance of tip/tilt/focus estimation error for LIFT, the SH 2×2 using a WCoG (with an unbiased Gaussian weighting) and the fixed pyramid. Read-out noise = 2 e.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Bench dedicated to the experimental validation of LIFT.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental estimation of a tip by LIFT versus a center of gravity estimation. Solid line: y=x.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Experimental estimation of a focus by LIFT with monochromatic light. In (a), the astigmatism offset used in the model is the one measured by the Shack-Hartmann. In (b), the model is corrected by adding the differential aberrations found by phase diversity.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Left: Spectrum of the source used in the estimation with large bandwidth light. Right: Experimental estimation of a focus by LIFT in large bandwidth.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Experimental variance of estimation error for tip/tilt (left) and focus (right). RON = 14 ph.e. Red dotted line: saturation due to vibrations.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of noise propagation coefficients between LIFT, a Shack-Hartmann 2×2 (using either a center of gravity or a weighted center of gravity), and a fixed pyramid with a pupil sampled on 4 pixels for the estimation of tip/tilt and focus. Coefficients for the WCoG are computed in the case of an unbiased Gaussian weighting, with parameters Nt = Nd = Nw = 2 (see reference [23]).

Tables Icon

Table 2 Gain in star magnitude obtained with LIFT and the pyramid compared to the Shack-Hartmann for the estimation of tip/tilt/focus, with a read-out noise of 2 e and without read-out noise.

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( r , ϕ + ϕ off ) = λ F ( λ ) | FT { P ( ρ ) exp [ i ϕ off ( ρ , λ ) ] P off × exp [ i ϕ ( ρ , λ ) ] } r | 2 d λ = λ F ( λ ) I λ ( r , ϕ + ϕ off ) d λ
I ( r , ϕ + ϕ off ) = λ F λ I λ ( r , ϕ + ϕ off )
I ( A OPD + A off ) [ p ] = λ F λ I λ ( A OPD + A off ) [ p ] + n [ p ]
λ F λ I λ ( A OPD + A off ) λ F λ [ I λ ( A off ) + k a k I k λ ( A off ) ] + n
λ F λ [ I λ ( A OPD + A off ) I λ ( A off ) ] λ k a k F λ I k λ ( A off ) + n
λ F λ Δ I λ = ( λ F λ H λ ( A off ) ) A OPD + n
Δ I = H ( A off ) A OPD + n
Δ I λ = H λ ( A off ) A OPD + n
σ n k 2 = I ¯ k + σ e 2
ln [ p ( I | A OPD , H ( A off ) , I ( A off ) ) ] = 1 2 ( Δ I H ( A off ) A OPD ) t R n 1 ( Δ I H ( A off ) A OPD ) + cst
A ^ OPD = P ML ( A off ) Δ I with P ML ( A off ) = ( H ( A off ) t R n 1 H ( A off ) ) 1 H ( A off ) t R n 1
σ error 2 = T r { E E t } = T r { ( H ( A off ) t R n 1 H ( A off ) ) 1 }
A ^ OPD ML = arg min A OPD ( [ I data I ( A OPD + A off ) ] t R n 1 [ I data I ( A OPD + A off ) ] )
C k = [ I data I ( A ^ OPD k 1 + A off ) ] t R n 1 [ I data I ( A ^ OPD k 1 + A off ) ]
C ( A OPD ) = ( [ I data I ( A OPD + A off ) ] t R n 1 [ I data I ( A OPD + A off ) ] )
σ error 2 = i σ 2 ( a ^ i a i ) = ( i α i ) α 1 n p h tot + ( i β i ) β ( σ e n p h tot ) 2
α = i ( H ( A d ) t R n 1 H ( A d ) ) 1 [ i , i ] × n p h tot
β = i ( H ( A d ) t R n 1 H ( A d ) ) 1 [ i , i ] × ( n p h tot σ e ) 2

Metrics