Abstract

Active gratings have been used to realize a grazing-incidence double-grating monochromator for the spectral selection of ultrashort pulses while preserving the temporal duration by compensating for the pulse-front tilt. The active grating consists of a bimorph deformable mirror on the top of which a diffraction grating with laminar profile is realized by UV lithography. The time-delay compensated configuration has been tested with ultrashort pulses at 800 nm. The feasibility of this configuration for the extreme-ultraviolet spectral region has been demonstrated by ray tracing studies.

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2012 (3)

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, and P. Villoresi, “Ultrafast Grating Instruments in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 467–478 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Igarashi, A. Makida, M. Ito, and T. Sekikawa, “Pulse compression of phase-matched high harmonic pulses from a time-delay compensated monochromator,” Opt. Express20(4), 3725–3732 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

2009 (2)

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

T. Sekikawa, T. Okamoto, E. Haraguchi, M. Yamashita, and T. Nakajima, “Two-photon resonant excitation of a doubly excited state in He atoms by high-harmonic pulses,” Opt. Express16(26), 21922–21929 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

J. Norin, K. Osvay, F. Albert, D. Descamps, J. Yang, A. Lhuillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, “Design of an extreme-ultraviolet monochromator free from temporal stretching,” Appl. Opt.43(5), 1072–1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Radzewicz, J. S. Krasinski, M. J. la Grone, M. Trippenbach, and Y. B. Band, “Interferometric measurement of femtosecond wave-packet tilting in rutile crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14(2), 420–424 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Albert, F.

Band, Y. B.

Barbastathis, G.

Batiller, J. R. A.

Benedetti, E.

Bierbaum, V.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

Bonora, S.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brusatin, G.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. T.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.-J.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Della Giustina, G.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Descamps, D.

Ferrari, F.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frassetto, F.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, and P. Villoresi, “Ultrafast Grating Instruments in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 467–478 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt.49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guerrero, R. A.

Haraguchi, E.

He, F.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Igarashi, H.

Ito, M.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, Y.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kataoka, Y.

Kim, S. G.

Krasinski, J. S.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuan, C. K.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

la Grone, M. J.

Leone, S. R.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lhuillier, A.

Li, W.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lock, R.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lucchini, M.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makida, A.

Murnane, M. M.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, T.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norin, J.

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

Osvay, K.

Patchkovskii, S.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perng, S. Y.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, and P. Villoresi, “Ultrafast Grating Instruments in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 467–478 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt.49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt.45(34), 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Samuels, D. A.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sandejas, F. S. A.

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheer, M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sekikawa, T.

Solgaard, O.

Stagira, S.

Stolow, A.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sze, M. W. C.

Thumm, U.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trippenbach, M.

Tseng, T. C.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

Wahlström, C.-G.

Wang, D. J.

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C. W.

Wu, Y.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, M.

Yang, J.

Zanchetta, E.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.-H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, and P. Villoresi, “Ultrafast Grating Instruments in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(1), 467–478 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

S.-J. Chen, C. T. Chen, S. Y. Perng, C. K. Kuan, T. C. Tseng, and D. J. Wang, “Design and fabrication of an active polynomial grating for soft-X-ray monochromators and spectrometers,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A467, 298–301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(14), 143002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (4)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, E. Zanchetta, G. Della Giustina, G. Brusatin, and L. Poletto, “Active Diffraction Gratings: Development and Tests,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83(12), 123106 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68(9), 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science322(5905), 1207–1211 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. Jaeglè, Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation, (Springer, 2006).

H. S. Fung, J. Y. Yuh, L. J. Huang, T. C. Tseng, S. Y. Perng, D. J. Wang, K. L. Tsang, and S. C. Chung, “A Soft X-Ray (300-1000 eV) Active Grating Monochromator Beamline at NSRRC,” Ninth International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation AIP Conf. Proc. 879, 563–566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the TDCM monochromator: S is the source, S’ the image of S in the intermediate plane, that is the focal plane of G1; S” is the image of S’ at the exit plane, that is the focal plane of G2; p1,2 and q1,2 are respectively the lengths of the entrance and exit arms of G1,2; α1,2 and β1,2 are respectively the incidence and diffraction angles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the laser source and vignetting operated by G2. The spectrum is plotted in continuous black line. The vignetting factor is plotted for both the configurations: a) G1 internal/G2 external and b) G1 external/G2 internal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Focal spot in the intermediate plane (S’) and in the exit plane (S”): (a) G1 internal/G2 external; (b) G1 external/G2 internal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) GD introduced by the monochromator in the 780-820 nm waveband. (b) Laser spectrum limited by the intermediate slit and associated vignetting given by G2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FROG trace of the output pulses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison between a standard Michelson interferometer (a) and the modified version used to measure the pulse-front tilt (b).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Interference fringes acquired using the interferometer for front-tilt detection. Upper row: non-compensated configuration. Lower row: compensated configuration.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical layout of a TDCM for the XUV spectral region. The spectral plane is the plane of the spectral dispersion. The spatial plane is the plane perpendicular to the spectral dispersion.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Variation of the grating parameters with the wavelength: (a) radius; (b) incidence and diffraction angles.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Temporal response of the monochromator: (a) group delay, (b) wavefront distortion.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Parameters of the monochromator

Tables Icon

Table 2 Parameters of the XUV monochromator

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α 1 = K 2 +asin[ mλσ 2cos(K/2) ], α 2 = K 2 asin[ mλσ 2cos(K/2) ]
R G1 = R G2 =( cos α 1 +cos β 1 ) ( cos 2 α 1 p 1 + cos 2 β 1 q 1 ) 1
1 p M + 1 q M = 2 Rcosγ , 1 2p+2q+ p M + 1 q M = 2cosγ ρ

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