Abstract

Noise properties of large-count spectral multicasting in a phase-insensitive parametric mixer were investigated. Scalable multicasting was achieved using two-tone continuous-wave seeded mixers capable of generating more than 20 frequency non-degenerate copies. The mixer was constructed using a multistage architecture to simultaneously manage high Figure-of-Merit frequency generation and suppress noise generation. The performance was characterized by measuring the conversion efficiency and noise figure of all signal copies. Minimum noise figure of 8.09dB was measured. Experimental findings confirm that noise of the multicasted signal does not grow linearly with copy count and that it can be suppressed below this limit.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

2003

P. L. Voss, R. Tang, and P. Kumar, “Measurement of the photon statistics and the noise figure of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.28(7), 549–551 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric wavelength converter with +40-dB conversion efficiency and a 3.8-dB noise figure,” Opt. Lett.28(9), 692–694 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol.9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. C. Boggio, P. Dainese, and H. L. Fragnito, “Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system,” Opt. Commun.218(4-6), 303–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 538–547 (2002) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of two-pump fibre optical parametric amplification,” Electron. Lett.33(21), 1812–1813 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1982

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Adleman, J. R.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Anderson, P. A.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(2), 409–416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aparicio, J. M.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J. M. C.

J. M. C. Boggio, P. Dainese, and H. L. Fragnito, “Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system,” Opt. Commun.218(4-6), 303–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

Bres, C.-S.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 538–547 (2002) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, P.

J. M. C. Boggio, P. Dainese, and H. L. Fragnito, “Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system,” Opt. Commun.218(4-6), 303–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

J. M. C. Boggio, P. Dainese, and H. L. Fragnito, “Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system,” Opt. Commun.218(4-6), 303–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

Hirano, M.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M. C.

F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of two-pump fibre optical parametric amplification,” Electron. Lett.33(21), 1812–1813 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, C. K.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, E. W.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

Kato, T.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kumar, P.

Kuo, B. P.

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kvavle, J. M.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kylemark, P.

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, and Z. Tong, “Field-quadrature and photon-number correlations produced by parametric processes,” Opt. Express18(19), 19792–19823 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol.9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 538–547 (2002) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

S. Radic, “Parametric Signal Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol.9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 538–547 (2002) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

Ren, J.

Shigematsu, M.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Uesaka, K.

Vasilyev, M.

Vasilyev, M. V.

Voss, P. L.

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Yang, F. S.

F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of two-pump fibre optical parametric amplification,” Electron. Lett.33(21), 1812–1813 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

Zlatanovic, S.

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Okuno, M. Hirano, T. Kato, M. Shigematsu, and M. Onishi, “Highly nonlinear and perfectly dispersion-flattened fibres for efficient optical signal processing applications,” Electron. Lett.39(13), 972–974 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Demonstration of two-pump fibre optical parametric amplification,” Electron. Lett.33(21), 1812–1813 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Radic, “Parametric Signal Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.8(3), 538–547 (2002) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C.-S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. M. C. Boggio, P. Dainese, and H. L. Fragnito, “Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system,” Opt. Commun.218(4-6), 303–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, and Z. Tong, “Field-quadrature and photon-number correlations produced by parametric processes,” Opt. Express18(19), 19792–19823 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express13(19), 7563–7571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol.9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

E. Myslivets and S. Radic, “Advanced fiber optic parametric synthesis and characterization,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWL5.

J. Kvavle, J. Adleman, C. Huynh, C. Bres, S. Zlatanovic, A. Wiberg, B. Kuo, E. Myslivets, S. Radic, and E. Jacobs, “Optical domain wideband RF spectrum analysis using parametric mixing,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CThR3.

A. O. J. Wiberg, Z. Tong, L. Liu, J. L. Ponsetto, V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Demonstration of parallel polychromatic sampling based analog-to-digital conversion at 8GS/s,” in CLEO: 2012 – Science and Innovations, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CM2B.5.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of an eight-sideband parametric mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC),2012and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, pp.1–3, 4–8 March 2012.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The three stage architecture begins with launching two pump waves (black) with the signal (I) into the first stage HNLF. The system is spectrally broadened in this first stage (II), temporally compressed in the single mode fiber (SMF) stage, and injected into the second HNLF stage consisting of dispersion flattened HNLF (DF-HNLF). The DF-HNLF stage generates a comb and multicasts the signal (III). The sideband of interest can then be filtered by an optical bandpass filter (OBPF) and detected (IV). Processing of the detected signal resolves the CE and NF, referenced against the input signal. Red and blue signals correspond respectively to lower sidebands (LS) and upper sidebands (US) as referenced later in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A. The original sinusoid (grey dotted curve) is formed after combining two pump seeds and a signal. Maximally compressed pulses are formed after 105 m HNLF section in the first mixer stage and 4.0 m of SMF in the second, compression stage (heavy solid curve). An attempt to induce higher chirp in longer (300 m HNLF) first stage matched by a 2.96 m SMF compression (light solid curve) leads to effective pulse loss via strong TOD distortion. B. Pulse peak power evolution within the SMF compressor is shown for the 105 m (heavy solid curve) and the 300 m (light solid curve) long first stage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

NLSE-designed three-stage mixer with pumps at 1547.7 nm and 1550.9 nm and signal at 1548.3 nm. A. Near -optimal comb generation using 105 m HNLF, 4.0 m SMF and 240 m DF-HNLF (with peak dispersion of −0.15 ps/nm∙km at 1565 nm). B. Sub-optimal comb generation corresponding to distorted pulse regime with mixer stages corresponding to 300 m HNLF, 2.96 m SMF, and 240 m DF-HNLF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A. The CE and NF for a simulated parametric multi-casting mixer with 105 m in first stage HNLF, a 4.0 m SMF compressor, and 240 m of DF-HNLF. This fiber system was seeded with 1547.7 nm and 1550.9 nm ideal 29 dBm pumps and a −5 dBm signal laser. The CE shows 100 nm of net positive gain operation. The NF at the center of this regime is 7.4-10.9 dB and < 13 dB near the edge of transparent operation. B. When the multicaster operates in anomalous dispersion (DF-HNLF with peak dispersion at 0.05 ps/nm∙km), net-gain is lost to pump depletion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The dual-pumped parametric multi-caster was set up with two injection locked CW lasers SL1 and SL2 to generate a 3.2 nm (400 GHz) pitch comb. The injection locking was referenced to a narrow linewidth master CW laser M1 through a 0.2 nm (25 GHz) pitch comb generated by a pair of phase modulators (PM). The locking lines were selected by a programmable OBPF (POBPF). A separate CW signal laser was combined with the two pumps and injected into the mixer system. The output was filtered optically to broadly reject the comb and again to narrowly select the band of interest for detection and CE and NF calculation. The electronic processing was performed with a multi-meter (MM) and electrical spectrum analyzer (ESA).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

CE and NF comparison between simulation of a near-optimal case (Section 3) and experiment. Simulation shows CE to be between 2 to 8 dB with a NF from 8.32 dB to 10.88 dB. The post DF-HNLF measurement shows net positive CE across 30 nm and NF less than 10 dB across 20 nm culminating in a minimum NF of 8.09 dB with maximum error +/− 0.6 dB.

Equations (2)

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CE= I ¯ out /ρ P in
NF= 1 G + P in ( S out S in ) 2hν I ¯ out 2 B

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