Abstract

An all-fiber single-mode actively Q-switched laser at 1120 nm is demonstrated. The laser cavity consists of a 5 m long Yb-doped polarization maintaining gain fiber, an acousto-optical modulator and a pair of FBGs. At a pump power of 2.5 W, a peak power of 0.8 kW is achieved with a pulse duration of 140 ns at a repetition rate of 1 kHz. A slope efficiency of 16.9% with respect to launched pump power is obtained at 10 kHz. The low achievable gain at 1120 nm, imposed by the parasitic lasing limit at conventional Yb lasing wavelength, has a major role in laser performance.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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  1. M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Compact, single-frequency all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett.32(8), 897–899 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(11), 111119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, A. Liem, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “26 mJ, 130 W Q-switched fiber-laser system with near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett.37(6), 1073–1075 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “1-mJ energy, 1-MW peak-power, 10-W average-power, spectrally narrow, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic-crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express13(22), 8999–9002 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Petkovšek, J. Saby, F. Salin, T. Schumi, and F. Bammer, “SCPEM-Q-switching of a fiber-rod-laser,” Opt. Express20(7), 7415–7421 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Laurila, J. Saby, T. T. Alkeskjold, L. Scolari, B. Cocquelin, F. Salin, J. Broeng, and J. Lægsgaard, “Q-switching and efficient harmonic generation from a single-mode LMA photonic bandgap rod fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(11), 10824–10833 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Y. Huang, W. Z. Zhuang, W. C. Huang, K. W. Su, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Hybrid Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(10), 9364–9370 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Boullet, R. Dubrasquet, C. Médina, R. Bello-Doua, N. Traynor, and E. Cormier, “Millijoule-class Yb-doped pulsed fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1650–1652 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Hu, L. Si, J. Chen, X. Gu, and Y. Feng, “Efficient linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Appl. Opt.51(17), 3801–3803 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Wang, J. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Gu, J. Chen, and Y. Feng, “A 100 W all-fiber liearly-polarized Yb-doped single-mode fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Opt. Express20(27), 28373–28382 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. X. Fan, F. Y. Lu, S. L. Hu, K. C. Lu, H. J. Wang, X. Y. Dong, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable high-peak-power, high-energy hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.29(7), 724–726 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25 W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express17(21), 19021–19026 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. Zhang, J. Hu, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-suppressed high-power single-frequency polarization-maintaining Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain for laser guide star,” Opt. Lett.37, 4796–4798 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  18. G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “784-nm amplified spontaneous emission from Tm3+-doped fluoride glass fiber pumped by an 1120-nm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.30(3), 269–271 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Actively Q-switched 2.9 μm Ho3+ Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.37(11), 2145–2147 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, and M. V. Andres, “Experimental study of the nonlinear dynamics of an actively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(11), 1484–1493 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (7)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

J. Boullet, R. Dubrasquet, C. Médina, R. Bello-Doua, N. Traynor, and E. Cormier, “Millijoule-class Yb-doped pulsed fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1650–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25 W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express17(21), 19021–19026 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(11), 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, and M. V. Andres, “Experimental study of the nonlinear dynamics of an actively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(11), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, and M. V. Andres, “Experimental study of the nonlinear dynamics of an actively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(11), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bello-Doua, R.

Boullet, J.

Broeng, J.

M. Laurila, J. Saby, T. T. Alkeskjold, L. Scolari, B. Cocquelin, F. Salin, J. Broeng, and J. Lægsgaard, “Q-switching and efficient harmonic generation from a single-mode LMA photonic bandgap rod fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(11), 10824–10833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, C. D.

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(11), 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “1-mJ energy, 1-MW peak-power, 10-W average-power, spectrally narrow, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic-crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express13(22), 8999–9002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calia, D. B.

Chen, J.

Chen, Y. F.

Cocquelin, B.

Cormier, E.

Di Teodoro, F.

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(11), 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “1-mJ energy, 1-MW peak-power, 10-W average-power, spectrally narrow, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic-crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express13(22), 8999–9002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, X. Y.

Dubrasquet, R.

Ermeneux, S.

Fan, Y. X.

Feng, Y.

Goyat, E.

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

He, J. L.

Hu, J.

Hu, S. L.

Hu, T.

Huang, J. Y.

Huang, K. F.

Huang, S.

Huang, W. C.

Hudson, D. D.

Jackson, S. D.

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, S.

Khitrov, V.

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kir'yanov, A. V.

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, and M. V. Andres, “Experimental study of the nonlinear dynamics of an actively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(11), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lægsgaard, J.

Laurila, M.

Leigh, M.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Linke, S.

Lu, F. Y.

Lu, K. C.

Lyngsø, J. K.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Machewirth, D.

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Rios, A.

Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Rios, A.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, H.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Médina, C.

Mugnier, A.

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Olausson, C. B.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petkovšek, R.

Peyghambarian, N.

Po, H.

Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, D.

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

Rademaker, K.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Saby, J.

Salin, F.

Samson, B.

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schumi, T.

Scolari, L.

Shi, W.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “784-nm amplified spontaneous emission from Tm3+-doped fluoride glass fiber pumped by an 1120-nm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.30(3), 269–271 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Si, L.

Stutzki, F.

Su, K. W.

Tankala, K.

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, L. R.

Torres-Gomez, I.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Traynor, N.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueda, K.

Ueda, K.-

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. J.

Wang, H. T.

Wang, J.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yvernault, P.

Zhang, L.

Zhuang, W. Z.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100 μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(11), 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, and M. V. Andres, “Experimental study of the nonlinear dynamics of an actively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(11), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Martínez-Rios, I. Torres-Gomez, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Wide wavelength-tuning of a double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber Bragg grating array,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(12), 880–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Wang, A. Martinez-Rios, and H. Po, “Analysis of a Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with simultaneous mode locking,” Opt. Commun.224(1-3), 113–123 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K.- Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, S. Linke, T. Schreiber, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, F. Salin, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy Q-switched short-length fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1551–1553 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, A. Liem, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “26 mJ, 130 W Q-switched fiber-laser system with near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett.37(6), 1073–1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Compact, single-frequency all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett.32(8), 897–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boullet, R. Dubrasquet, C. Médina, R. Bello-Doua, N. Traynor, and E. Cormier, “Millijoule-class Yb-doped pulsed fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1650–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. X. Fan, F. Y. Lu, S. L. Hu, K. C. Lu, H. J. Wang, X. Y. Dong, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable high-peak-power, high-energy hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.29(7), 724–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, J. Hu, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-suppressed high-power single-frequency polarization-maintaining Raman fiber amplifier with longitudinally varied strain for laser guide star,” Opt. Lett.37, 4796–4798 (2012).
[PubMed]

G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “784-nm amplified spontaneous emission from Tm3+-doped fluoride glass fiber pumped by an 1120-nm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.30(3), 269–271 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Actively Q-switched 2.9 μm Ho3+ Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.37(11), 2145–2147 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Jacquemet, E. Goyat, A. Mugnier, and D. Pureur, “Small linewidth CW high power PM Yb-fiber laser around 1150 nm and yellow generation,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950G (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Khitrov, D. Machewirth, B. Samson, and K. Tankala, “1 kW, 15 μJ liearly polarized fiber laser operating at 977 nm,” Proc. SPIE6102, 610222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of Q-switched fiber laser at 1120 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power versus launched pump at different repetition rates.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse duration versus launched pump power at different repetition rate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single pulse profile at repetition rate of 1 kHz. Inset, measured pulse train.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral characteristic of the 1120 nm Q-switched fiber laser. Inset, detailed spectrum at 1120 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The peak power and average power versus different repetition rate at pump power of 2.5 W.

Equations (1)

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G Max = σ e,S Γ S σ e,ASE Γ ASE G th

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