Abstract

This paper presents an ultra-low power SiGe BiCMOS IC for driving a 10 channel electro-absorption modulator (EAM) array at 113Gb/s for wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) applications. With an output swing of 2.5Vpp, the EAM driver array consumes only 2.2W or 220mW per channel, 50% below the state of the art. Both the output swing and bias are configurable between 1.5 and 3.0Vpp and 0.75-2.15V respectively.

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References

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  1. P. D. Townsend, A. Clarke, P. Ossieur, D. Smith, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, I. Lealman, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, K. Grobe, B. T. Teipen, R. Jensen, N. Parsons, and E. Kehayas, “Towards colourless coolerless components for low power optical networks,” 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, Geneva, 2011), Tu.5.LeSaleve.
  2. E. Sackinger, Broadband Circuits for Optical Fiber Communication (John Wiley & Sons, 2005), Chap. 8.
  3. B. Liang, D. Chen, B. Wang, G. Situ, T. Kwasniewski, and W. Zhigong, “A monolithic high modulation efficiency cmos laser diode/modulator driver,” in International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT, 2009), pp. 361–363.
  4. A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, C. Kazmierski, F. Blache, and J. Godin, “EAM DFF-driver optimization for 40 Gb/s transmitter,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Jun. 12–17, 2005, pp. 1853–1856.
  5. T. Yamase, M. Sato, H. Uchida, H. Noguchi, K. Sato, and T. Kato, “10-Gb/s In-line centipede electrode InP MZM and low-power CMOS driver with quasi-traveling wave generation,” in Proceedings OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2011), pp. 61–62.
  6. D.-U. Li, L.-R. Huang, and C.-M. Tsai, “Low power consumption 10 Gb/s SiGe modulator drivers with 9 vpp differential output swing using intrinsic collector-base capacitance feedback network,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC, 2005), pp. 317–320.
  7. S. Galal and B. Razavi, “10-Gb/s Limiting Amplifier and Laser/Modulator Driver in 0.18 µm CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits38(12), 2138–2146 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Galal and B. Razavi, “10-Gb/s Limiting Amplifier and Laser/Modulator Driver in 0.18 µm CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits38(12), 2138–2146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Galal, S.

S. Galal and B. Razavi, “10-Gb/s Limiting Amplifier and Laser/Modulator Driver in 0.18 µm CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits38(12), 2138–2146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Razavi, B.

S. Galal and B. Razavi, “10-Gb/s Limiting Amplifier and Laser/Modulator Driver in 0.18 µm CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits38(12), 2138–2146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits (1)

S. Galal and B. Razavi, “10-Gb/s Limiting Amplifier and Laser/Modulator Driver in 0.18 µm CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits38(12), 2138–2146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

P. D. Townsend, A. Clarke, P. Ossieur, D. Smith, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, I. Lealman, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, K. Grobe, B. T. Teipen, R. Jensen, N. Parsons, and E. Kehayas, “Towards colourless coolerless components for low power optical networks,” 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, Geneva, 2011), Tu.5.LeSaleve.

E. Sackinger, Broadband Circuits for Optical Fiber Communication (John Wiley & Sons, 2005), Chap. 8.

B. Liang, D. Chen, B. Wang, G. Situ, T. Kwasniewski, and W. Zhigong, “A monolithic high modulation efficiency cmos laser diode/modulator driver,” in International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT, 2009), pp. 361–363.

A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, C. Kazmierski, F. Blache, and J. Godin, “EAM DFF-driver optimization for 40 Gb/s transmitter,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Jun. 12–17, 2005, pp. 1853–1856.

T. Yamase, M. Sato, H. Uchida, H. Noguchi, K. Sato, and T. Kato, “10-Gb/s In-line centipede electrode InP MZM and low-power CMOS driver with quasi-traveling wave generation,” in Proceedings OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2011), pp. 61–62.

D.-U. Li, L.-R. Huang, and C.-M. Tsai, “Low power consumption 10 Gb/s SiGe modulator drivers with 9 vpp differential output swing using intrinsic collector-base capacitance feedback network,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC, 2005), pp. 317–320.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflective WDM-PON network

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

EAM driver array IC building blocks with DC-coupled outputs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simplified driver output stages, (a) typical, (b) reduced power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

EAM driver array IC micrograph.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output signal (231-1 PRBS): (a) Optical, (b) Electrical (0.5 V/div, 20 ps/div).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pulse width control, (a) minimum, (b) maximum (231-1 PRBS, 0.5V/div, 20ps/div).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reach of the modulation and bias voltage with the corresponding power consumptions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Power consumption comparison

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