Abstract

We have demonstrated a high-energy Q-switched double-clad thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) using a graphene-oxide-deposited tapered fiber (GODTF) device as a saturable absorber operating at a wavelength of 2 μm for the first time. Because of the side-interaction of the graphene-oxide with the evanescent field on the taper waist, the GODTF devices have potential for offering high laser damage threshold. Using a 788 nm laser diode as the pump source, the TDFL generated stable single transverse mode Q-switched pulses with a single pulse energy of 6.71 μJ (corresponding to an average power of 302 mW) at a wavelength of 2032 nm. This is significantly higher than the highest pulse energy/average power from any rare-earth-doped fiber lasers employing a graphene or graphene-oxide based Q-switch so far. The demonstrated TDFL in this paper represents an encouraging step towards the practical applications of graphene or graphene-oxide based Q-switched 2 μm TDFLs.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2012 (11)

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable graphene Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with suppressed self-mode locking effect,” Appl. Opt.51(14), 2554–2558 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express20(14), 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene Oxide vs. Reduced Graphene Oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(17), 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Yap, M. Richard, D. L. Rue, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Graphene-based Q-switched pulsed fiber laser in a linear configuration,” Chin. Opt. Lett.10, 041405 (2012).

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

Ahmad, H.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W. J.

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. R.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

Chow, K. K.

Dianov, E. M.

Fan, H. Y.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, H.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

Hasan, T.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holdynski, M.

Hsieh, W. F.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, G.

Huang, Y.

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jagiello, J.

Kashiwagi, K.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Konov, V. I.

Kozinski, R.

Lipinska, L.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express20(14), 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W. K.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable graphene Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with suppressed self-mode locking effect,” Appl. Opt.51(14), 2554–2558 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lobach, A. S.

Loh, K.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K. P.

Luo, A. P.

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. C.

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. Q.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Paletko, P.

Popa, D.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popov, S. V.

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pua, C. H.

Qi, W.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Richard, M.

Rue, D. L.

Sobon, G.

Solodyankin, M. A.

Sotor, J.

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, J.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

Taylor, J. R.

Torrisi, F.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. Y.

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, Y. G.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, L.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable graphene Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with suppressed self-mode locking effect,” Appl. Opt.51(14), 2554–2558 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wen, X. M.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weng, J.

Wu, S.

Wu, S. D.

Xu, H.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express20(14), 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. C.

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yap, Y. K.

Ye, C.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zdrojek, M.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, M.

Zhao, L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Zheng, L. H.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D. P.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable graphene Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with suppressed self-mode locking effect,” Appl. Opt.51(14), 2554–2558 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, M.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and K. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, and W. Qi, “Evanescent-Light Deposition of Graphene Onto Tapered Fibers for Passive Q-Switch and Mode-Locker,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength Dissipative-Soliton Generation in Yb-Fiber Laser Using Graphene-Deposited Fiber-Taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1539–1542 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Cao, H. Y. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(1), 54–58 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology22(45), 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passive Q-switching of short-length Tm3+-doped silica fiber lasers by polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe microchips,” Opt. Commun.281(22), 5588–5591 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.285(24), 5319–5322 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

R. Koskinen, S. Suomalainen, J. Paajaste, S. Kivisto, M. Guina, O. Okhotinikov, and M. Pessa, “Highly nonlinear GaSb-based saturable absorber mirrors,” Proc. SPIE. Nonlinear Optics and Applications III 73540G, 7354 (2009).

F. Wang, F. Torrisi, Z. Jiang, D. Popa, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, W. Cho, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene passively Q-switched two-micron fiber lasers,” Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) 72, Page JW2A (2012).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A graphene-oxide-deposited tapered fiber (GODTF) fixed on a U-shaped contact plate, (b) Schematic of a passively Q-switched TDFL using a GOTDF, and (c) The reflection spectrum of the high reflecting mirror (M1).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Q-switched pulse-train, (b) single pulse, and (c) the spectrum of the Q-switched pulses, measured for a pump power of 6.27 W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The pulse repetition frequency (PRF) and pulse width vs. pump power, (b) The average output power and pulse energy vs. pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Graphene/graphene-oxide based Q-switched fiber lasers

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