Abstract

We realize polarization control in He-Ne laser by optical feedback. Polarization flipping occurs when the length of the anisotropy feedback cavity is modulated. The relationship between polarization flipping and phase retardation of birefringence component placed in feedback cavity is built. The hysteresis effect of polarization flipping is observed. We build a system to measure the size of hysteresis loop based on Laser Feedback Interferometer (LFI). The variation of hysteresis loop with phase retardation is measured. The width of hysteresis loop decreases when phase retardation increases.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012

2005

2004

2003

1999

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

S. Merlo and S. Donati, “Reconstruction of displacement waveforms with a single-channel laser-diode feedback interferometer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 527–531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Donati, L. Falzoni, and S. Merlo, “A PC-interfaced, compact laser-diode feedback interferometer for displacement measurements,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.45(6), 942–947 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Roos, M. Stephens, and C. E. Wieman, “Laser Vibrometer based on optical-feedback-induced frequency modulation of a single-mode laser diode,” Appl. Opt.35(34), 6754–6761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

S. Donati, G. Giuliani, and S. Merlo, “Laser diode feedback interferometer for measurement of displacements without ambiguity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(1), 113–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

G. Ropars, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Polarization control mechanisms in vectorial bistable lasers for one-frequency systems,” Phys. Rev. A46(1), 623–640 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

1989

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

1985

G. Stephan and D. Hugon, “Light polarization of a quasi-isotropic laser with optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett.55(7), 703–706 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976

1963

P. G. R. King and G. J. Steward, “Metrology with an optical maser,” New Sci.17, 180–182 (1963).

Blondel, M.

Bosch, T.

Bourouis, M.

Brannon, P. J.

Chen, W. X.

Donati, S.

S. Merlo and S. Donati, “Reconstruction of displacement waveforms with a single-channel laser-diode feedback interferometer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 527–531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, L. Falzoni, and S. Merlo, “A PC-interfaced, compact laser-diode feedback interferometer for displacement measurements,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.45(6), 942–947 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, G. Giuliani, and S. Merlo, “Laser diode feedback interferometer for measurement of displacements without ambiguity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(1), 113–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Falzoni, L.

S. Donati, L. Falzoni, and S. Merlo, “A PC-interfaced, compact laser-diode feedback interferometer for displacement measurements,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.45(6), 942–947 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fei, L. G.

Giuliani, G.

S. Donati, G. Giuliani, and S. Merlo, “Laser diode feedback interferometer for measurement of displacements without ambiguity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(1), 113–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glanznig, P.

Gouaux, F.

Hugon, D.

G. Stephan and D. Hugon, “Light polarization of a quasi-isotropic laser with optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett.55(7), 703–706 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, H.

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ito, M.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

King, P. G. R.

P. G. R. King and G. J. Steward, “Metrology with an optical maser,” New Sci.17, 180–182 (1963).

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laniepce, S.

Le Floch, A.

G. Ropars, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Polarization control mechanisms in vectorial bistable lasers for one-frequency systems,” Phys. Rev. A46(1), 623–640 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Le Naour, R.

G. Ropars, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Polarization control mechanisms in vectorial bistable lasers for one-frequency systems,” Phys. Rev. A46(1), 623–640 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lenormand, J.

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Long, X. W.

Maruyama, T.

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

May, A. D.

Mégret, P.

Merlo, S.

S. Merlo and S. Donati, “Reconstruction of displacement waveforms with a single-channel laser-diode feedback interferometer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 527–531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, L. Falzoni, and S. Merlo, “A PC-interfaced, compact laser-diode feedback interferometer for displacement measurements,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.45(6), 942–947 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, G. Giuliani, and S. Merlo, “Laser diode feedback interferometer for measurement of displacements without ambiguity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(1), 113–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Muto, T.

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naito, H.

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Paddon, P.

Panajotov, K.

Roos, P. A.

Ropars, G.

G. Ropars, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Polarization control mechanisms in vectorial bistable lasers for one-frequency systems,” Phys. Rev. A46(1), 623–640 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, O.

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

Servagent, N.

Shimizu, E. T.

Shinohara, S.

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, G.

G. Stephan and D. Hugon, “Light polarization of a quasi-isotropic laser with optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett.55(7), 703–706 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stéphan, G.

Stephens, M.

Steward, G. J.

P. G. R. King and G. J. Steward, “Metrology with an optical maser,” New Sci.17, 180–182 (1963).

Sumi, M.

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

Veretennicoff, I.

Wieman, C. E.

Xiong, W.

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. L.

Zhu, J.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Kobayashi, Y. Yamamoto, M. Ito, and T. Kimura, “Direct frequency modulation in AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 582–595 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Donati, G. Giuliani, and S. Merlo, “Laser diode feedback interferometer for measurement of displacements without ambiguity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(1), 113–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Merlo and S. Donati, “Reconstruction of displacement waveforms with a single-channel laser-diode feedback interferometer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 527–531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

S. Donati, L. Falzoni, and S. Merlo, “A PC-interfaced, compact laser-diode feedback interferometer for displacement measurements,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.45(6), 942–947 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Shinohara, H. Naito, H. Yoshida, H. Ikeda, and M. Sumi, “Compact and versatile self-mixing type semiconductor laser Doppler velocimeters with direction discrimination circuit,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.38(2), 574–577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

New Sci.

P. G. R. King and G. J. Steward, “Metrology with an optical maser,” New Sci.17, 180–182 (1963).

Opt. Eng.

T. Suzuki, T. Muto, O. Sasaki, and T. Maruyama, “Self-mixing type of phase-locked laser diode interferometer,” Opt. Eng.38(3), 543–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

G. Ropars, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Polarization control mechanisms in vectorial bistable lasers for one-frequency systems,” Phys. Rev. A46(1), 623–640 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. Stephan and D. Hugon, “Light polarization of a quasi-isotropic laser with optical feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett.55(7), 703–706 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Le Floch, G. Ropars, J. Lenormand, and R. Le Naour, “Dynamics of laser eigenstates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.52(11), 918–921 (1984).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of polarization flipping with hysteresis. D1, D2, photo detector; M1, M2, high reflectors; S, birefringence sample; ME, feedback mirror; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; P, polarizer; DA, digital–to–analog signal conversion; AD, analog–to–digital signal conversion; AMP, voltage amplification.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Waveforms of polarization flipping and intensity transfer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Analysis for phase retardation between polarization flipping point and phase retardation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PZT nonlinearity and hysteresis.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of polarization flipping and hysteresis loop with displacement measurement. ML, microchip laser; BS, beam splitter; PD: photodiode; LK, lock-in amplifier; other labels in text.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Polarization flipping hysteresis in different phase retardation of (a) δ = 16.42°, (b) δ = 27.89°, (c) δ = 44.87°, (d) δ = 69.48°, (e) δ = 78.95°, (f) δ = 83.81°.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measurement results of phase retardation of wave plates

Tables Icon

Table 2 Hysteresis magnitude of polarization flipping

Equations (2)

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δ=( l BC l AD + l FG l EH )× 90 o =( V BC V AD + V FG V EH )× 90 o
ΔL= c 2nω ΔP

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