Abstract

Using the enormous magnetic field gradients present near the surface of magnetic recording media, we assemble diffraction gratings with lines consisting entirely of self-assembled magnetic nanoparticles that are transferred to flexible polymer thin films. These nanomanufactured gratings have line spacings programmed with commercial magnetic recording and are inherently concave with radii of curvature controlled by varying the polymer film thickness. This manufacturing approach offers a low-cost alternative for realizing concave gratings and more complex optical materials assembled with single-nanometer precision.

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2012 (2)

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

I. E. Sendroiu and R. M. Corn, “Nanoparticle diffraction gratings for DNA detection on photopatterned glass substrates,” Biointerphases3, FD23–FD29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (2)

J. McMullin, R. DeCorby, and C. Haugen, “Theory and simulation of a concave diffraction grating demultiplexer for coarse WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.20, 758 –765 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Yu and D. T. Neilson, “Diffraction-grating-based (de)multiplexer using image plane transformations,” J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron.8, 1194 – 1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1988 (1)

1983 (1)

M. Takayasu, R. Gerber, and F. J. Friedlaender, “Magnetic separation of sub-micron particles,” IEEE Trans. Magn.19, 2112–2114 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1978 (1)

1970 (1)

1969 (1)

1964 (1)

1959 (2)

1952 (1)

1949 (1)

1896 (1)

F. L. O. Wadsworth, “The modern spectroscope.xv. on the use and mounting of the concave grating as an analyzing or direct comparison spectroscope,” Astrophys. J.3, 47 (1896).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X.

Best, M. E.

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Binek, C.

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bliznyuk, V. N.

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cakmaktepe, S.

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chakarov, D.

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Cheng, W.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. Y.

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corn, R. M.

I. E. Sendroiu and R. M. Corn, “Nanoparticle diffraction gratings for DNA detection on photopatterned glass substrates,” Biointerphases3, FD23–FD29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crawford, T. M.

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeCorby, R.

Dong, Y.

Droppleman, L.

Duban, M.

Eurenius, L.

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fastie, W. G.

Freeman, D.

Friedlaender, F. J.

M. Takayasu, R. Gerber, and F. J. Friedlaender, “Magnetic separation of sub-micron particles,” IEEE Trans. Magn.19, 2112–2114 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, R.

M. Takayasu, R. Gerber, and F. J. Friedlaender, “Magnetic separation of sub-micron particles,” IEEE Trans. Magn.19, 2112–2114 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hagglund, C.

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hampp, N. A.

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hard, T. M.

Harrison, G. R.

Haugen, C.

Henderson, J.

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillebrecht, P.

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsiech, C.

Hung, W.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, I.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kasemo, B.

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kneubühl, F.

Koike, M.

Kunze, H.-J.

H.-J. Kunze, Introduction to Plasma Spectroscopy (Springer, 2009), chap. 3.

Lanni, F.

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loewen, E.

C. Palmer and E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook (Newport Corporation, 2005), 6th ed.

Loewen, E. G.

Lohau, J.

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Majetich, S. A.

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Masters, R.

Maystre, D.

McMullin, J.

Megill, L. R.

Moriya, N.

Moser, A.

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Namioka, T.

Neilson, D. T.

C. X. Yu and D. T. Neilson, “Diffraction-grating-based (de)multiplexer using image plane transformations,” J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron.8, 1194 – 1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nevière, M.

Olsson, E.

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, C.

C. Palmer and E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook (Newport Corporation, 2005), 6th ed.

Pardue, H. L.

Pedrotti, F. L.

F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, and L. M. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics (Prentice Hall, 2007), 3rd ed.

Pedrotti, L. M.

F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, and L. M. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics (Prentice Hall, 2007), 3rd ed.

Pedrotti, L. S.

F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, and L. M. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics (Prentice Hall, 2007), 3rd ed.

Reinhardt, H.

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rettner, C. T.

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sendroiu, I. E.

I. E. Sendroiu and R. M. Corn, “Nanoparticle diffraction gratings for DNA detection on photopatterned glass substrates,” Biointerphases3, FD23–FD29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shafer, A. B.

Shi, S.

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimaoka, H.

Singamaneni, S.

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takayasu, M.

M. Takayasu, R. Gerber, and F. J. Friedlaender, “Magnetic separation of sub-micron particles,” IEEE Trans. Magn.19, 2112–2114 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tan, D. X.

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taratorin, A. M.

S. X. Wang and A. M. Taratorin, Magnetic Information Storage Technology (Academic Press, 1999), 1st ed.

Terris, B. D.

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tilton, R. D.

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Totoki, S.

Tsai, M.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsunazawa, Y.

Tsymbal, E. Y.

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wada, Y.

Wadsworth, F. L. O.

F. L. O. Wadsworth, “The modern spectroscope.xv. on the use and mounting of the concave grating as an analyzing or direct comparison spectroscope,” Astrophys. J.3, 47 (1896).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. X.

S. X. Wang and A. M. Taratorin, Magnetic Information Storage Technology (Academic Press, 1999), 1st ed.

Watanabe, M.

Yeh, P.

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu and D. T. Neilson, “Diffraction-grating-based (de)multiplexer using image plane transformations,” J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron.8, 1194 – 1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, L.

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Kim, H. Reinhardt, P. Hillebrecht, and N. A. Hampp, “Photochemical preparation of sub-wavelength heterogeneous laser-induced periodic surface structures,” Adv. Mater.24, 1994–1998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Li, J. Wang, L. Zhuang, and S. Y. Chou, “Fabrication of circular optical structures with a 20 nm minimum feature size using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lohau, A. Moser, C. T. Rettner, M. E. Best, and B. D. Terris, “Writing and reading perpendicular magnetic recording media patterned by a focused ion beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78, 990–992 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, W. Cheng, M. Tsai, W. Chung, I. Jiang, and P. Yeh, “Laser pulse induced gold nanoparticle gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 061109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. (1)

F. L. O. Wadsworth, “The modern spectroscope.xv. on the use and mounting of the concave grating as an analyzing or direct comparison spectroscope,” Astrophys. J.3, 47 (1896).
[CrossRef]

Biointerphases (1)

I. E. Sendroiu and R. M. Corn, “Nanoparticle diffraction gratings for DNA detection on photopatterned glass substrates,” Biointerphases3, FD23–FD29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

M. Takayasu, R. Gerber, and F. J. Friedlaender, “Magnetic separation of sub-micron particles,” IEEE Trans. Magn.19, 2112–2114 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (1)

J. Lim, D. X. Tan, F. Lanni, R. D. Tilton, and S. A. Majetich, “Optical imaging and magnetophoresis of nanorods,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.321, 1557–1562 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

S. Singamaneni, V. N. Bliznyuk, C. Binek, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Magnetic nanoparticles: recent advances in synthesis, self-assembly and applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21, 16819–16845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (6)

J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron. (1)

C. X. Yu and D. T. Neilson, “Diffraction-grating-based (de)multiplexer using image plane transformations,” J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron.8, 1194 – 1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

J. Henderson, S. Shi, S. Cakmaktepe, and T. M. Crawford, “Pattern transfer nanomanufacturing using magnetic recording for programmed nanoparticle assembly,” Nanotechnology23, 185304 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. Eurenius, C. Hagglund, E. Olsson, B. Kasemo, and D. Chakarov, “Grating formation by metal-nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into waveguided modes,” Nat. Photonics2, 360–364 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (4)

C. Palmer and E. Loewen, Diffraction Grating Handbook (Newport Corporation, 2005), 6th ed.

H.-J. Kunze, Introduction to Plasma Spectroscopy (Springer, 2009), chap. 3.

S. X. Wang and A. M. Taratorin, Magnetic Information Storage Technology (Academic Press, 1999), 1st ed.

F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, and L. M. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics (Prentice Hall, 2007), 3rd ed.

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