Abstract

We report on a theoretical investigation on the influence of different wavelength scale periodic grating architectures on dye sensitized solar cell (DSC). A broadband absorption enhancement is expected in such solar cells thanks to diffraction effects produced by these structures. Their optimal size has been analyzed in terms of pitch grating, height and position along the solar cell layers. Numerical simulations indicate that nanostructuring the interface between the active and the electrolyte layer by integrating a dielectric grating produces an absorption enhancement of 23.4%. The presented results have been also evaluated in view of feasible realistic structures compatible with low cost soft lithographic techniques.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  23. L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

B. E. Hardin, H. J. Snaith, M. D. McGehee, “The renaissance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 162–169 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Q. Le, A. Abass, B. Maes, P. Bienstman, A. Alù, “Comparing plasmonic and dielectric gratings for absorption enhancement in thin-film organic solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(1), A39–A50 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S1Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Nagel, M. A. Scarpulla, “Enhanced absorption in optically thin solar cells by scattering from embedded dielectric nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A139–A146 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 093304–1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gorlov, L. Kloo, “Ionic liquid electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 20(20), 2655–2666 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rühle, S. Greenwald, E. Koren, A. Zaban, “Optical waveguide enhanced photovoltaics,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21801–21806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mihi, M. E. Calvo, J. A. Anta, H. Miguez, “Spectral response of opal based dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 13–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. A. Green, K. Emery, D. L. King, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 28),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 14(5), 455–461 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. R. Durrant, S. A. Haque, E. Palomares, “Towards optimization of electron transfer processes in Dye sensitized solar cells,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 248(13-14), 1247–1257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

A. Kay, M. Gratzel, “Low cost photovoltaic modules based on dye sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide and carbon powder,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 44(1), 99–117 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

B. O’Regan, M. Gratzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abass, A.

Abrams, N.

S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alibabaei, L.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

Anta, J. A.

A. Mihi, M. E. Calvo, J. A. Anta, H. Miguez, “Spectral response of opal based dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 13–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, H.

Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballif, C.

Benkstein, K. D.

S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bienstman, P.

Brown, T. M.

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brunetti, A.

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brusatin, G.

G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, M. E.

A. Mihi, M. E. Calvo, J. A. Anta, H. Miguez, “Spectral response of opal based dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 13–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Casalboni, M.

P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colodrero, S.

S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Colonna, D.

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Crossland, E. J. W.

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D’Ercole, D.

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dan-oh, Y.

Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decoppet, J. D.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Della Giustina, G.

G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Di Carlo, A.

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dominici, L.

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ducati, C.

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Durrant, J. R.

J. R. Durrant, S. A. Haque, E. Palomares, “Towards optimization of electron transfer processes in Dye sensitized solar cells,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 248(13-14), 1247–1257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eder, D.

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Emery, K.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, D. L. King, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 28),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 14(5), 455–461 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Forneli, A.

S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Frank, A. J.

S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geiger, T.

J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorlov, M.

M. Gorlov, L. Kloo, “Ionic liquid electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 20(20), 2655–2666 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gratzel, M.

A. Kay, M. Gratzel, “Low cost photovoltaic modules based on dye sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide and carbon powder,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 44(1), 99–117 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. O’Regan, M. Gratzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Grätzel, C.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grätzel, M.

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B. E. Hardin, H. J. Snaith, M. D. McGehee, “The renaissance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 162–169 (2012).
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S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
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M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
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S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
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S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
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S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
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F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 093304–1 (2008).
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J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
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F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 093304–1 (2008).
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M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
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P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
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P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
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S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
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J. R. Durrant, S. A. Haque, E. Palomares, “Towards optimization of electron transfer processes in Dye sensitized solar cells,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 248(13-14), 1247–1257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
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C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
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S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
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P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
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G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
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D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
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G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
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F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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B. E. Hardin, H. J. Snaith, M. D. McGehee, “The renaissance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 162–169 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
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M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
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P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
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Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
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C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
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J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
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C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
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Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, S. C.

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Warta, W.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, D. L. King, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 28),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 14(5), 455–461 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiesner, U.

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. G.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Yum, J. H.

J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaban, A.

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

C. Y. Chen, M. Wang, J. Y. Li, N. Pootrakulchote, L. Alibabaei, C. H. Ngoc-le, J. D. Decoppet, J. H. Tsai, C. Grätzel, C. G. Wu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Highly efficient light-harvesting ruthenium sensitizer for thin-film dye-sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3103–3109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Colodrero, A. Forneli, C. Lopez-Lopez, L. Pelleja, H. Miguez, E. Palomares, “Efficient transparent thin dye solar cells based on highly porous 1D photonic crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(6), 1303–1310 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Dominici, L. Vesce, D. Colonna, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Angular and prism coupling refractive enhancement in dye solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(10), 103302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Inakazu, Y. Noma, Y. Ogomi, S. Hayase, “Dye-sensitized solar cells consisting of dye-bilayer structure stained with two dyes for harvesting light of wide range of wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(9), 093304–1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (2)

J. H. Yum, S. R. Jang, P. Walter, T. Geiger, F. Nüesch, S. Kim, J. Ko, M. Grätzel, M. K. Nazeeruddin, “Efficient co-sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films by organic sensitizers,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 44(44), 4680–4682 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hore, P. Nitz, C. Vetter, C. Prahl, M. Niggemann, R. Kern, “Scattering spherical voids in nanocrystalline TiO2- enhancement of efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 15(15), 2011–2013 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coord. Chem. Rev. (1)

J. R. Durrant, S. A. Haque, E. Palomares, “Towards optimization of electron transfer processes in Dye sensitized solar cells,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 248(13-14), 1247–1257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans. (1)

M. Gorlov, L. Kloo, “Ionic liquid electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 20(20), 2655–2666 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

S. Nishimura, N. Abrams, B. A. Lewis, L. I. Halaoui, T. E. Mallouk, K. D. Benkstein, J. van de Lagemaat, A. J. Frank, “Standing wave enhancement of red absorbance and photocurrent in dye-sensitized titanium dioxide photoelectrodes coupled to photonic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125(20), 6306–6310 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, D. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Wang, X. Jing, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, “Enhance the optical absorptivity of nanocrystalline TiO2 film with high molar extinction coefficient ruthenium sensitizers for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(32), 10720–10728 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

Z. S. Wang, K. Hara, Y. Dan-oh, C. Kasada, A. Shinpo, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, H. Sugihara, “Photophysical and (photo)electrochemical properties of a coumarin dye,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(9), 3907–3914 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. Mihi, M. E. Calvo, J. A. Anta, H. Miguez, “Spectral response of opal based dye-sensitized solar cells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 13–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C (1)

G. Brusatin, G. Della Giustina, M. Guglielmi, M. Casalboni, P. Prosposito, S. Schutzmann, G. Roma, “Direct pattern of photocurable glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane based sol-gel hybrid waveguides for photonic applications,” Mater. Sci. and Engineer. C 27(5-8), 1022–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. E. Hardin, H. J. Snaith, M. D. McGehee, “The renaissance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 162–169 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. O’Regan, M. Gratzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature 353(6346), 737–740 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

M. A. Green, K. Emery, D. L. King, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 28),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 14(5), 455–461 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soft Matter (1)

M. Nedelcu, J. Lee, E. J. W. Crossland, S. C. Warren, M. C. Orilall, S. Guldin, S. Hüttner, C. Ducati, D. Eder, U. Wiesner, U. Steiner, H. J. Snaith, “Block copolymer directed synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Soft Matter 5(1), 134–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

A. Kay, M. Gratzel, “Low cost photovoltaic modules based on dye sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide and carbon powder,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 44(1), 99–117 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Sci. (1)

P. Prosposito, M. Casalboni, E. Orsini, C. Palazzesi, F. Stella, “UV-Nanoimprinting lithography of Bragg Gratings on hybrid sol-gel based channel waveguides,” Solid State Sci. 12(11), 1886–1889 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Superlattices Microstruct. (1)

D. Colonna, L. Dominici, D. D’Ercole, A. Brunetti, F. Michelotti, T. M. Brown, A. Reale, A. Di Carlo, “Photocurrent enhancement of dye solar cells by efficient ligth management,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 197–201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

COMSOLTM, www.comsol.com .

Center for Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy (CHOSE), www.chose.uniroma2.it .

SOLARONIX, www.solaronix.com .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A cross-section of the DSC model. The scheme is not in scale and without top and bottom macroscopic glass substrates. (b) Illustrative figure of the type of 1D rectangular grating structure. (c) Definition of the grating parameters: height and pitch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relative energy density in the dye-sensitized titania for different grating position along the DSC layers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy density distribution at the interface between titania and electrolyte layers without (a) and with grating (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative energy density confined in the dye-sensitized titania layer as a function of the height for a 500 nm pitch grating (a) and as a function of the pitch grating for a 300 nm grating height (b). Values are reported for different wavelengths (see labels in the figure).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Absorption spectra of the active layer given by numerical simulation of the DSC with (red line-filled squares) and without grating (green line-open circles). (b) Difference in the absorption spectra with and without grating.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Refractive index (n) and absorption coefficient (k) at 700 nm wavelength for the DSC layers and for dielectric sol-gel based material.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S = I 2 Z .
α ( λ ) = log ( I 0 I ) = log ( I 0 n ( λ ) 2 Z 0 S ) .
u g r a t u n o g r a t u n o g r a t .
λ A B S g r a t λ A B S n o g r a t λ A B S n o g r a t .

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