Abstract

Magnetically and bias current tunable transient photovoltaic (TPV) responses have been investigated in a manganite-based heterojunction composed of a La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 film and an n-type Si substrate at ambient temperature. Under irradiation of 248 nm pulsed laser with 20 ns duration the TPV peak values can be modulated in a range of −125 to 138 mV when the applied magnetic field perpendicular to the interface changes from −6.4 to + 6.4 kOe, and the relative variations (TPVH – TPV0)/TPV0 reach up to about 1000%. In addition, TPV responses can be also affected by bias current, and the photoresponse peaks change from positive to negative with the currents from −350 to 350 μA. These results indicate that the manganite-based heterojunction can be used for magnetically and electrically tunable ultraviolet photodetectors.

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  1. R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. T. Zeng and H. K. Wong, “Epitaxial growth of single-crystal (La,Ca)MnO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(24), 3371–3373 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2010

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

X. T. Zeng and H. K. Wong, “Epitaxial growth of single-crystal (La,Ca)MnO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(24), 3371–3373 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asai, M.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. H.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. H.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. L.

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheong, S.-W.

C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S. Y.

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dörr, K.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fastnacht, R. A.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, M.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holzapfel, B.

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. H.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, H. Y.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, K. J.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawai, T.

H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, Y.-C.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leng, W. X.

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. M.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, J. C.

J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, H. B.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z. Q.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, N. D.

J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCormack, M.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midgley, P. A.

J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millis, A. J.

A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitra, C.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mori, S.

C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, R.

A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukunoki, Y.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Müller, K. H.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakagawa, N.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ni, H.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oppeneer, P. M.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramesh, R.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raychaudhuri, P.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samwer, K.

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, L.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shraiman, B. I.

A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Susaki, T.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiefel, T. H.

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Helmolt, R.

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, A. J.

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wecker, J.

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wirth, S.

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, H. K.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. T. Zeng and H. K. Wong, “Epitaxial growth of single-crystal (La,Ca)MnO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(24), 3371–3373 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, W. F.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. Z.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Z. J.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X. T.

X. T. Zeng and H. K. Wong, “Epitaxial growth of single-crystal (La,Ca)MnO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(24), 3371–3373 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, K.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. Q.

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, N.

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q. L.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. L.

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Nakagawa, M. Asai, Y. Mukunoki, T. Susaki, and H. Y. Hwang, “Magnetocapacitance and exponential magnetoresistance in manganite–titanate heterojunctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 082504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, G. Z. Yang, and J. Zhang, “Electrical-modulated magnetoresistance in multi-p-n heterojunctions of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 and oxygen-vacant SrTiO3-δ on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 252110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, M. He, and H. B. Lu, “Low-field positive magnetoresistance near room temperature in three-component perovskite-type artificial superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 152507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Lu, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, M. He, K. Zhao, B. L. Cheng, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, S. Y. Dai, and G. Z. Yang, “Pico-second photoelectric characteristic in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/Si p-n junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, H. B. Lu, Y. H. Huang, Q. L. Zhou, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Transient lateral photovoltaic effect in p-n heterojunction of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and Si,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(14), 141914 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, K. Zhao, N. Zhou, H. B. Lu, M. He, Y. H. Huang, K. J. Jin, Y. L. Zhou, G. Z. Yang, S. Q. Zhao, A. J. Wang, and W. X. Leng, “Photovoltaic effect in micrometer-thick perovskite-type oxide multilayers on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(17), 171911 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Li, K. Zhao, H. Ni, S. Q. Zhao, W. F. Xiang, Z. Q. Lu, Z. J. Yue, F. Wang, Y.-C. Kong, and H. K. Wong, “Voltage tunable photodetecting properties of La0.4Ca0.6MnO3 films grown on miscut LaSrAlO4 substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(4), 044104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. T. Zeng and H. K. Wong, “Epitaxial growth of single-crystal (La,Ca)MnO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(24), 3371–3373 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. H. Chen, S. Mori, and S.-W. Cheong, “Pairing of charge-ordered stripes in (La,Ca)MnO3,” Nature392(6675), 473–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Loudon, N. D. Mathur, and P. A. Midgley, “Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3.,” Nature420(6917), 797–800 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Tanaka, J. Zhang, and T. Kawai, “Giant electric field modulation of double exchange ferromagnetism at room temperature in the perovskite manganite/titanate p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(2), 027204 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Mitra, P. Raychaudhuri, K. Dörr, K. H. Müller, L. Schultz, P. M. Oppeneer, and S. Wirth, “Observation of minority spin character of the new electron doped manganite La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 from tunneling magnetoresistance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(1), 017202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. von Helmolt, J. Wecker, B. Holzapfel, L. Schultz, and K. Samwer, “Giant negative magnetoresistance in perovskitelike La2/3Ba1/3MnOx ferromagnetic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(14), 2331–2333 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Millis, B. I. Shraiman, and R. Mueller, “Dynamic Jahn-Teller effect and colossal magnetoresistance in La1-xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(1), 175–178 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

S. Jin, T. H. Tiefel, M. McCormack, R. A. Fastnacht, R. Ramesh, and L. H. Chen, “Thousandfold change in resistivity in magnetoresistive la-ca-mn-o films,” Science264(5157), 413–415 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A typical I-V curve with the strong asymmetry at room temperature measured by the four-point method with two electrodes on LCMO (electrode separation about 2 mm) and the other two on Si. The inset shows the schematic diagram of experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) TPV under pulsed laser illumination in selected H (0, −6.4 and 6.4 kOe) with electrode setting at LCMO and Si. Fitting curves result from (TPV6.4 + TPV-6.4)/2 which agrees with TPV0. The on sample energy density is 0.61 mJ/mm2. (b) TPV variation defined as ΔTPVH/TPV0 = (TPVH – TPV0)/TPV0. Inset shows the schematic diagram of experimental set up.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

TPVP as a function of selected H. The on sample energy density is 0.61 mJ/mm2. The inset shows the dependence of the modulation coefficient Δλ on the external magnetic fields.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

TPV to pulsed laser illumination as a function of external magnetic field 6.4, 0, −6.4 kOe and bias current −350, 0, 350 μA simultaneously. The first extreme value of TPV (Ib, H) occur at t = t1 = 11 ns while that of TPV (Ib, 0) occur at t = t0 = 24 ns. The on sample energy density is 0.16 mJ/mm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The three-dimensional graph about the TPVP, bias current Ib and magnetic field H.

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