Abstract

A wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) visible light communiction (VLC) system employing red and green laser pointer lasers (LPLs) with directly modulating data signals is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. With the assistance of preamplifier and adaptive filter at the receiving sites, low bit error rate (BER) at 10m/500Mbps operation is obtained for each wavelength. The use of preamplifier and adaptive filter offer significant improvements for free-space transmission performance. Improved performance of BER of <10−9, as well as better and clear eye diagram were achieved in our proposed WDM VLC systems. LPL features create a new category of good performance with high-speed data rate, long transmission length (>5m), as well as easy handling and installation. This proposed WDM VLC system reveals a prominent one to present its advancement in simplicity and convenience to be installed.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. D. C. O'Brien, “Visible light communications: challenges and potential,” IEEE Photon. Conf. 365–366 (2011).
  2. B. Bai, Z. Xu, and Y. Fan, “Joint LED dimming and high capacity visible light communication by overlapping PPM,” Wireless and Opt. Commun. Conf. (WOCC), 1–5(2010).
  3. Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Okada, T. Yendo, T. Yamazato, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, and Y. Kimura, “On-vehicle receiver for distant visible light road-to-vehicle communication,” IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 1033–1038 (2009).
  5. H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. F. Liu, Y. C. Chang, C. W. Chow, and C. H. Yeh, “Equalization and pre-distorted schemes for increasing data rate in-door visible light communication system,” Conf. on Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) JWA83 (2011).
  10. J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

2010 (2)

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

2009 (2)

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

An, S. C.

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buttner, A.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Faulkner, G.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. K.

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Komine, T.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kottke, C.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langer, K.-D.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Le Minh, H.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, M.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nerreter, S.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, D.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Son, Y. H.

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vucic, J.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walewski, J. W.

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(24), 3512–3518 (2010).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Won, E. T.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y. Y.

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, L.

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, and Y. Oh, “High-speed visible light communications using multiple-resonant equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(14), 1243–1245 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, A. Buttner, K.-D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “White light wireless transmission at 200+ Mb/s net data rate by use of discrete-multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1511–1513 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Le Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. T. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. H. Son, S. C. An, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Visible light wireless transmission based on optical access network using white light-emitting diode and electroabsorption transceiver,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 790–793 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. Okada, T. Yendo, T. Yamazato, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, and Y. Kimura, “On-vehicle receiver for distant visible light road-to-vehicle communication,” IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 1033–1038 (2009).

D. C. O'Brien, “Visible light communications: challenges and potential,” IEEE Photon. Conf. 365–366 (2011).

B. Bai, Z. Xu, and Y. Fan, “Joint LED dimming and high capacity visible light communication by overlapping PPM,” Wireless and Opt. Commun. Conf. (WOCC), 1–5(2010).

Y. F. Liu, Y. C. Chang, C. W. Chow, and C. H. Yeh, “Equalization and pre-distorted schemes for increasing data rate in-door visible light communication system,” Conf. on Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC) JWA83 (2011).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of our proposed WDM VLC systems employing red and green LPLs with directly modulating data signals over a 10-m free space link.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A schematic diagram of the preamplifier (push-pull amplifier).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A functional block of the adaptive filter, in which including an amplitude/phase comparator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The measured BER curves of red light LPL channel as a function of the free-space transmission distance.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The eye diagrams of red light LPL channel under 10 m free-space link: (a) without employing the preamplifier and the adaptive filter, (b) with employing the preamplifier and the adaptive filter.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

v o = a 1 v i + a 3 v i 3 + a 5 v i 5
q= b 1 m+ b 3 m 3 + b 5 m 5
v o =( a 1 b 1 )m+( a 1 b 3 + a 3 b 1 3 ) m 3 +( a 1 b 5 + a 5 b 1 5 ) m 5
a 1 b 3 = a 3 b 1 3
v o =( a 1 b 1 )m+( a 1 b 5 + a 5 b 1 5 ) m 5
d(n)=a(n) e jθ(n)
d er (n)= a er (n) e j θ er (n)
P(n)= a 2 (n)/2
P r (n)= a r 2 (n)/2

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