Abstract

A highly-integrated optical phase-locked loop with a phase/frequency detector and a single-sideband mixer (SSBM) has been proposed and demonstrated for the first time. A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) has been designed, fabricated and tested, together with an electronic IC (EIC). The PIC integrates a widely-tunable sampled-grating distributed-Bragg-reflector laser, an optical 90 degree hybrid and four high-speed photodetectors on the InGaAsP/InP platform. The EIC adds a single-sideband mixer, and a digital phase/frequency detector, to provide single-sideband heterodyne locking from −9 GHz to 7.5 GHz. The loop bandwith is 400 MHz.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Enloe and J. Rodda, “Phase-locked loop,” Proc. IEEE 53, 165–166 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, “Precise control of broadband frequency chirps using optoelectronic feedback,” Opt. Express 17, 15991–15999 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).
  11. N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).
  15. L. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 988–999 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Doerr, D. Gill, A. Gnauck, L. Buhl, P. Winzer, M. Cappuzzo, A. Wong-Foy, E. Chen, and L. Gomez, “Monolithic demodulator for 40-Gb/s DQPSK using a star coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 171–174 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Messerschmitt, “Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288–1295 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).
  19. E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, “Precise control of broadband frequency chirps using optoelectronic feedback,” Opt. Express 17, 15991–15999 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 988–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

D. Messerschmitt, “Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288–1295 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. Enloe and J. Rodda, “Phase-locked loop,” Proc. IEEE 53, 165–166 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J.

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Bhardwaj, A.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Binetti, P.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, E.

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

Bowers, J.

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Broberg, B.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bruun, M.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L.

Cannard, P.

Cappuzzo, M.

Chen, E.

Chiuchiarelli, A.

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, E. L.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 988–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Cronin, R.

Denbaars, S.

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Doerr, C.

Dummer, M.

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Edge, C.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elkin, M.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Enloe, L.

L. Enloe and J. Rodda, “Phase-locked loop,” Proc. IEEE 53, 165–166 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Fice, M.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.

Gliese, U.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A.

Gomez, L.

Griffith, Z.

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

Guzzon, R.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Herczfeld, P.

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Johnston, L.

Kewitsch, A.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langley, L.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

Li, Y.

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lindgren, S.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

Lynch, C.

Maxwell,

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Messerschmitt, D.

D. Messerschmitt, “Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288–1295 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Naglic, L.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. N.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Norberg, E.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Parker, J.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pavlovic, L.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pedretti, A.

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Ponnampalam, L.

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pozzi, F.

Rakuljic, G.

N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, “Precise control of broadband frequency chirps using optoelectronic feedback,” Opt. Express 17, 15991–15999 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raring, J.

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Reed, T.

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

Renaud, C.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ristic, S.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, D.

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

Robertson, M.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rodda, J.

L. Enloe and J. Rodda, “Phase-locked loop,” Proc. IEEE 53, 165–166 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Rodwell, M.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Rogers, C.

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

Satyan, N.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, “Precise control of broadband frequency chirps using optoelectronic feedback,” Opt. Express 17, 15991–15999 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A.

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sivananthan, A.

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

Skogen, E.

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Steed, R.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjr, K. E.

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sysak, M.

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Vasilyev, A.

Vidmar, M.

R. Steed, F. Pozzi, M. Fice, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. Lealman, D. Moodie, P. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector,” Opt. Express 19, 20048–20053 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wale, M.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P.

Wong-Foy, A.

Yariv, A.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, A. Vasilyev, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, and A. Yariv, “Precise control of broadband frequency chirps using optoelectronic feedback,” Opt. Express 17, 15991–15999 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Bhardwaj, Y. Li, R. Wang, S. Jin, P. Herczfeld, J. Bowers, and L. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of high linearity attenuated counter-propagating optical phase-locked loop coherent receiver,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1090–1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Binetti, M. Lu, E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Indium phosphide photonic integrated circuits for coherent optical links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 279–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, “Coherence cloning using semiconductor laser optical phase-lock loops,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, “Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase lock loops,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240–247 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “A quantum-well-intermixing process for wavelength-agile photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 863–869 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 988–999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. E. Stubkjr, S. Lindgren, and B. Broberg, “A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936–938 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. Messerschmitt, “Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288–1295 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257–1264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol (2)

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, and L. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.  28, 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, and A. Seeds, “Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.  29, 1152–1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Enloe and J. Rodda, “Phase-locked loop,” Proc. IEEE 53, 165–166 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

L. Ponnampalam, R. Steed, M. Fice, C. Renaud, C. Rogers, D. Moodie, Maxwell, I. Lealman, M. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop,” 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), 151–154 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, and M. Rodwell, “A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis,” Accepted by IEEE Int. Micro. Symposium (2012).

M. Lu, A. Bhardwaj, A. Sivananthan, L. Johansson, H. Park, E. Bloch, M. Rodwell, and L. Coldren, “Widely-tunable integrated coherent optical receiver using a phase-locked loop,” IEEE Photonics Conf., Arlington, VA, ThL4 (2011).

J. Raring, M. Sysak, A. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. Skogen, J. Barton, S. Denbaars, and L. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” in Proc. IEEE SPIE, San Jose, CA, Paper 6126–19 (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The architecture of the OPLL.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Epitaxial structure of the integration platform. (a) shows the schematic illustration of the CQW InGaAsP/InP platform for active/passive device integration. (b) shows the cross section of a waveguide.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A microscope picture of the fully fabricated device. SG-DBR laser, star coupler, photodetectors, and microstrip transmission lines are integrated on one single PIC.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The schematic of the OPLL test setup is shown in the lower part of this figure. Thinner lines indicate fiber connections and thicker lines show the RF cable connections. Pictures of the OPLL are also shown.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) and (b) show the optical spectrums when two lasers are phase locked with a frequency difference of +6 GHz and −6 GHz. The reference laser has the higher power. (c) and (d) show the beating tones of the two laser when the offset frequency are +6 GHz and −6 GHz respectively, measured with 5 kHz resolution bandwidth.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Shows the beating tones of the two lasers when they are phase locked at various frequency offsets: −9 GHz, −8 GHz, −7 GHz, −6 GHz, −5 GHz, −4 GHz, −3 GHz, −2 GHz, 2 GHz, 3 GHz, 4 GHz, 5 GHz, 6 GHz, and 7.5 GHz.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ f = f ref f slave

Metrics