Abstract

A circular dichromatic transient absorption difference spectroscopy of transmission-grating-photomasked transient spin grating is developed and formularized. It is very simple in experimental setup and operation, and has high detection sensitivity. It is applied to measure spin diffusion dynamics and excited electron density dependence of spin ambipolar diffusion coefficient in (110) GaAs quantum wells. It is found that the spin ambipolar diffusion coefficient of (110) and (001) GaAs quantum wells is close to each other, but has an opposite dependence tendency on excited electron density. This spectroscopy is expected to have extensive applicability in the measurement of spin transport.

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  1. I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).
  9. D. D. Awschalom and J. M. Kikkawa, “Lateral drag of spin coherence in gallium arsenide,” Nature 397(6715), 139–141 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Chen, W. Wang, J. Chen, J. Wen, and T. Lai, “A transmission-grating-modulated pump-probe absorption spectroscopy and demonstration of diffusion dynamics of photoexcited carriers in bulk intrinsic GaAs film,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3580–3585 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Miller, R. J. Manning, P. K. Milsom, D. C. Hutchings, D. W. Crust‡, and K. Woodbridge, “Transient grating studies of excitonic optical nonlinearities in GaAs/AlGaAs multiple-quantum-well structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 567–578 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Q. Weng and M. W. Wu, “Kinetic theory of spin transport in n-type semiconductor quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 410–420 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).

2008 (2)

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Q. Weng and M. W. Wu, “Kinetic theory of spin transport in n-type semiconductor quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 410–420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Awschalom and J. M. Kikkawa, “Lateral drag of spin coherence in gallium arsenide,” Nature 397(6715), 139–141 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Adachi, T.

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aleksiejunas, R.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Awschalom, D. D.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Awschalom and J. M. Kikkawa, “Lateral drag of spin coherence in gallium arsenide,” Nature 397(6715), 139–141 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bel’kov, V. V.

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bichler, M.

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cameron, A. R.

A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carter, S. G.

S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, K.

Chen, Z.

S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crooker, S. A.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crowell, P. A.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crust‡, D. W.

Cui, H. L.

M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Das Sarma, S.

I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Döhrmann, S.

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fabian, J.

I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furis, M.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ganichev, S. D.

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garlid, E. S.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gedik, N.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griesbeck, M.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gudelis, V.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hägele, D.

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchings, D. C.

Iwamoto, S.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jarasiunas, K.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, Z. X.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikkawa, J. M.

D. D. Awschalom and J. M. Kikkawa, “Lateral drag of spin coherence in gallium arsenide,” Nature 397(6715), 139–141 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Korn, T.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kos, S.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, K.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lai, T.

Lai, T. S.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lei, L.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. Z.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. D.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

Matsukura, F.

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Miller, R. J. Manning, P. K. Milsom, D. C. Hutchings, D. W. Crust‡, and K. Woodbridge, “Transient grating studies of excitonic optical nonlinearities in GaAs/AlGaAs multiple-quantum-well structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 567–578 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Milsom, P. K.

Moore, J. E.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mower, M.

H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ni, H.-Q.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, M.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Niu, Z.-C.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oestreich, M.

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohno, H.

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, Y.

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Olbrich, P.

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orenstein, J.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palmstrøm, C. J.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prettl, W.

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reddy, K. S. M.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Riblet, P.

A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudolph, J.

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuh, D.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schüller, C.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimura, T.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. L.

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, J.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sudzius, M.

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tarasenko, S. A.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terauchi, R.

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vignale, G.

H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Völkl, R.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.-F.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Weber, C. P.

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegscheider, W.

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, D.

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, J.

Wen, J. H.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weng, M. Q.

M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Q. Weng and M. W. Wu, “Kinetic theory of spin transport in n-type semiconductor quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 410–420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woodbridge, K.

Wu, M. W.

M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Q. Weng and M. W. Wu, “Kinetic theory of spin transport in n-type semiconductor quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 410–420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. H.

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.-L.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).

Zhang, X.-M.

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Žutic, I.

I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, and T. S. Lai, “Study of electron spin diffusion transport in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells by time- and space-resolved absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Phys. Sin. 58, 3543–3547 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. Jarasiunas, V. Gudelis, R. Aleksiejunas, M. Sudzius, S. Iwamoto, M. Nishioka, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and Y. Arakawa, “Picosecond dynamics of spin-related optical nonlinearities in InxGa1-xAs multiple quantum wells at 1064 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(7), 1043–1045 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H.-L. Yu, X.-M. Zhang, P.-F. Wang, H.-Q. Ni, Z.-C. Niu, and T. S. Lai, “Measuring spin diffusion of electrons in bulk n-GaAs using circularly dichromatic absorption difference spectroscopy of spin gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(20), 202109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lai, X. D. Liu, H. H. Xu, Z. X. Jiao, L. Lei, J. H. Wen, and W. Z. Lin, “Elliptically polarized absorption spectroscopy and observation of spin coherence in intrinsic GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 262110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Q. Weng and M. W. Wu, “Kinetic theory of spin transport in n-type semiconductor quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 410–420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Q. Weng, M. W. Wu, and H. L. Cui, “Spin relaxation in n-type GaAs quantum wells with transient spin grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 063714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

C. P. Weber, N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, “Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Nature 437(7063), 1330–1333 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Awschalom and J. M. Kikkawa, “Lateral drag of spin coherence in gallium arsenide,” Nature 397(6715), 139–141 (1999).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Furis, D. L. Smith, S. Kos, E. S. Garlid, K. S. M. Reddy, C. J. Palmstrøm, P. A. Crowell, and S. A. Crooker, “Local Hanle-effect studies of spin drift and diffusion in n:GaAs epilayers and spin transport devices,” New J. Phys. 9(9), 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. Völkl, M. Griesbeck, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, C. Schüller, and T. Korn, “Spin dephasing and photoinduced spin diffusion in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system embedded in a GaAs-(Al, Ga)As quantum well grown in the [110] direction,” Phys. Rev. B 83(24), 241306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, M. Mower, and G. Vignale, “Ambipolar spin diffusion and D’yakonov-D’perel’ spin relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 79(11), 115321 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

Y. Ohno, R. Terauchi, T. Adachi, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Spin relaxation in GaAs(110) quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4196–4199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Döhrmann, D. Hägele, J. Rudolph, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, and M. Oestreich, “Anomalous spin dephasing in (110) GaAs quantum wells: anisotropy and intersubband effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 147405 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Bel’kov, P. Olbrich, S. A. Tarasenko, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, T. Korn, C. Schüller, D. Weiss, W. Prettl, and S. D. Ganichev, “Symmetry and spin dephasing in (110)-grown quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 176806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Carter, Z. Chen, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical measurement and control of spin diffusion in n-doped GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 136602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Cameron, P. Riblet, and A. Miller, “Spin gratings and the measurement of electron drift mobility in multiple quantum well semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4793–4796 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

I. Žutić, J. Fabian, and S. Das Sarma, “Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(2), 323–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A profile at y=0 of transient spin-polarized electron distribution excited by a circularly polarized pump pulse through a binary transmission grating. N+, N and N-N+ denote spin-up, spin-down and spin-polarized electron distribution. The inset shows experimental geometry with the grating in front of the sample. a and d are the transparent slit width and period of the grating, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Circular dichromatic transient differential transmission traces taken under a transmision grating added except the transient trace A. (σ+,σ–) and (σ+,σ+) denote the cross- and co-helicity circularly polarized pump and probe, respectively. The solid line in the transient trace E denotes the best fitting to open circles data with Eq. (4).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spin ambipolar diffusion coefficient, spin and recombination relaxation times as a function of excited electron density per quantum well. The scattered points are experimental data. The lines are guide for eyes.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α ± ( r , t ) = α 0 4 ( 4 3 N ( r , t ) N s N ± ( r , t ) N ± s ) ,
I ± ( r , t ) = I 0 ( r ) T G ( x ) exp ( α ± ( r , t ) L ) ,
I ± ( r , t ) = I 0 ( r ) T G ( x ) e α 0 L [ 1 + α 0 L 4 N s ( N ± ( r , t ) + 3 N ( r , t ) ] ,
Δ P ( t ) = [ I + ( r , t ) I ( r , t ) ] d x d y = F I 0 ( r ) T G ( x ) [ N ( r , t ) N + ( r , t ) ] d x d y ,
S ( r , t ) t = D a s 2 S ( r , t ) S ( r , t ) τ r s ,

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