Abstract

Remote terahertz (THz) generation from two-color filamentation is investigated as a function of the onset position of filaments. THz signals emitted by filaments produced at distances up to 55 m from the laser source were measured. However, from 9 m to 55 m, the THz signal decayed monotonically for increasing onset positions. With a simple calculation, the dominant factors associated to this decay were identified as group velocity mismatch of the two-color pulses and linear diffraction induced by focusing and propagating the second harmonic pulse.

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    [CrossRef]

2011

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron.39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, X. Lu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz gas photonics,” J. Mod. Opt.56(10), 1137–1150 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

2007

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge Terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Propagation and filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in optical media,” Laser Phys.15, 607–615 (2005).

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Becker, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “S-matrix analysis of non-resonant multiphoton ionisation of inner-valence electrons of the nitrogen molecule,” Chem. Phys. Lett.343(3-4), 345–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B71, 877–879 (2000).

D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett.25(16), 1210–1212 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1995

1993

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun.56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1975

J. H. Marburger, “Self-focusing: theory,” Prog. Quantum Electron.4, 35–110 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Propagation and filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in optical media,” Laser Phys.15, 607–615 (2005).

André, Y.-B.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, V. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Babushkin, I.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. Becker, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “S-matrix analysis of non-resonant multiphoton ionisation of inner-valence electrons of the nitrogen molecule,” Chem. Phys. Lett.343(3-4), 345–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Propagation and filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in optical media,” Laser Phys.15, 607–615 (2005).

A. Becker, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “S-matrix analysis of non-resonant multiphoton ionisation of inner-valence electrons of the nitrogen molecule,” Chem. Phys. Lett.343(3-4), 345–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bergé, L.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borodin, A. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Châteauneuf, M.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Chen, Y.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Chin, S. L.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Propagation and filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in optical media,” Laser Phys.15, 607–615 (2005).

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “S-matrix analysis of non-resonant multiphoton ionisation of inner-valence electrons of the nitrogen molecule,” Chem. Phys. Lett.343(3-4), 345–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B71, 877–879 (2000).

Ciddor, P. E.

Cook, D. J.

Couairon, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Daigle, J.-F.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Dubois, J.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Durand, M.

Elsaesser, T.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esaulkov, M. N.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferland, B.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, S.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamster, H.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, R. J.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Hoshina, H.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, S.

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaron-Becker, A.

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamali, Y.

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron.39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

N. Karpowicz, X. Lu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz gas photonics,” J. Mod. Opt.56(10), 1137–1150 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B71, 877–879 (2000).

Köhler, C.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron.39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuehn, W.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, N.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Liang, L.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Liu, W.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Lu, M.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Lu, X.

N. Karpowicz, X. Lu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz gas photonics,” J. Mod. Opt.56(10), 1137–1150 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Makarov, V. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

J. H. Marburger, “Self-focusing: theory,” Prog. Quantum Electron.4, 35–110 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Marceau, C.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyoshi, N.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, S.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Otani, C.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, G.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B71, 877–879 (2000).

Savel’ev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sharifi, S. M.

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Shkurinov, A. P.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shlenov, S. A.

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron.39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simard, P. T.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skupin, S.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun.56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.-D.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Théberge, F.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Marceau, Y. Chen, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast birefringence induced by a femtosecond laser filament in gases,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1417–1419 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge Terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tremblay, G.

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, R. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-J.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerner, M.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. L.

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Yamashita, M.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Zhang, X.-C.

N. Karpowicz, X. Lu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz gas photonics,” J. Mod. Opt.56(10), 1137–1150 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. (Berl.)

M. Lu, J. Shen, N. Li, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Liang, and X. Xu, “Detection and identification of illicit drugs using terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.)100, 103104 (2007).

Appl. Phys. B

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B71, 877–879 (2000).

W. Liu, F. Théberge, J.-F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sharifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing,” Appl. Phys. B85(1), 55–58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Nakajima, H. Hoshina, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, and N. Miyoshi, “Terahertz imaging diagnostics of cancer tissues with a chemometrics technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, W. Liu, Z.-D. Sun, Y. Zhang, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized terahertz emission in the forward direction of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 1116 (2008).

Chem. Phys. Lett.

A. Becker, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “S-matrix analysis of non-resonant multiphoton ionisation of inner-valence electrons of the nitrogen molecule,” Chem. Phys. Lett.343(3-4), 345–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. P. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(10), 1157–1167 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

N. Karpowicz, X. Lu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz gas photonics,” J. Mod. Opt.56(10), 1137–1150 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

N. Aközbek, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Propagation and filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in optical media,” Laser Phys.15, 607–615 (2005).

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge Terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun.247(1-3), 171–180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun.56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep.441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

T.-J. Wang, J.-F. Daigle, S. Yuan, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, G. Roy, H. Zeng, and S. L. Chin, “Remote generation of high-energy terahertz pulses from two-color femtosecond laser filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Daigle, A. Jaroń-Becker, S. Hosseini, T.-J. Wang, Y. Kamali, G. Roy, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. A82(2), 023405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A70(3), 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(3), 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast spatiotemporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(23), 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

J. H. Marburger, “Self-focusing: theory,” Prog. Quantum Electron.4, 35–110 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron.39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

S.L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filamentation,” Springer series on Atomic, Optical and Plasma physics, LLC978–1-4419–0687–8 (Springer Science + Business media, New York, 2010).

M. C. Kemp, C. Baker, and I. Gregory, “Stand-off explosives detection using terahertz technology,” Stand-off Detection of Suicide Bombers and Mobile Subjects, pp. 151–165 (Springer, New York, 2006).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the generation and detection of THz pulses from two-color filamentation. 60 mJ transform limited pulses of 50 fs duration are directed to an interferometer. The first arm is used for second harmonic generation while the second is a delay line for adequate temporal superposition of the two pulses in the filament zone. The two pulses are recombined with a dichroic mirror and directed to an all-reflective telescope with a variable focusing length. The second harmonic pulse is focused together with the 800 nm to form filaments at the desired position. The produced THz pulses are measured with a helium-cooled bolometer protected with adequate filters. The off-axis parabola imaged the strong part of the filaments on the detector’s surface.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THz signal measured as a function of the focusing distance and presented in a log-log scale. The horizontal axis corresponds to the distance between the telescope and the strongest part of the filaments. The dotted line corresponds to the total THz signal, independent of the parabola diameter, calculated for each focal position. Inset: Spectral distribution of the THz signal measured using different combinations of filters in front of the bolometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic representation of the numerical model developed.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E THz ( z,f )= E ω 2 E 2ω z R,2ω ( f ) D 2ω 1+ ( z L fil z R,2ω ) 2 e ( θ( z,f ) τ ) 2 e iϕ( z,f ) .
θ(z,f)= 2 c ( z L fil 2 )( n g,ω n g,2ω )
φ(z,f)=( ω THz n g,ω 2 ω F n ω + ω SH n 2ω ) z c + tan 1 ( z L fil z R,2ω ( f ) )2 tan 1 ( z L fil z R,ω ( f ) )
E THz ( x )= 0 L fil E THz ( z ) ( L fil +dz ) 2 + x 2 e i( ω THz c ( L fil +dz ) 2 + x 2 ) dz .
P THz =πcε 0 r E THz * (x) E THz (x)xdx .
I= πP D 2ω 2 4 λ 2ω 2 f 2 = P π z R,2ω 2 .
WOL=| 2τ c 2 v g,ω v g,2ω |

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