Abstract

Updatable holography is considered as the ultimate technique for true 3D information recording and display. However, there is no practical solution to preserve the required features of both non-volatility and reversibility which conflict with each other when the reading has the same wavelength as the recording. We demonstrate a non-volatile and updatable holographic approach by exploiting new features of molecular transformations in a polymer recording system. In addition, by using a new composite recording film containing photo-reconfigurable liquid-crystal (LC) polymer, the holographic recording is enhanced due to the collective reorientation of LC molecules around the reconfigured polymer chains.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

2011

V. Jerez, I. de Oliveira, and J. Frejlich, “Optical recording mechanisms in undoped titanosillenite crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109(2), 024901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

H. I. Bjelkhagen and E. Mirlis, “Color holography to produce highly realistic three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt.47(4), A123–A133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. H. Kim, J. Y. Woo, and B. K. Kim, “LC dependent electro-optical properties of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Displays29(5), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Y. H. Cho and Y. Kawakami, “A novel process for holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal system via simultaneous photo-polymerization and siloxane network formation,” Silicon Chem.3(5), 219–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Wu, Z. Liu, J. J. Yang, A. Flores, and M. R. Wang, “Wavelength-multiplexed submicron holograms for disk-compatible data storage,” Opt. Express15(26), 17798–17804 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

K. Iizuka, “Welcome to the wonderful world of 3D: introduction, principles and history,” Opt. Photonics News17(7), 42–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

J. Qi and G. P. Crawford, “Holographically formed polymer dispersed liquid crystal displays,” Displays25(5), 177–186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys.95(3), 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Natansohn and P. Rochon, “Photoinduced motions in azo-containing polymers,” Chem. Rev.102(11), 4139–4176 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, “Nonvolatile grating in an azobenzene polymer with optimized molecular reorientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(9), 1189–1191 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “System measure for persistence in holographic recording and application to singly-doped and doubly-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Opt.40(29), 5175–5182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.30(1), 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

P. Wu, L. Wang, J. Xu, B. Zou, X. Gong, G. Zhang, G. Tang, W. Chen, and W. Huang, “Transient biphotonic holographic grating in photoisomerizative azo materials,” Phys. Rev. B57(7), 3874–3880 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, K. Buse, and A. Adibi, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithiumniobate crystals,” Nature393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, “Holographic memories,” Sci. Am.273(5), 70–76 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, “Optical switching and image storage by means of azobenzene liquid-crystal films,” Science268(5219), 1873–1875 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

A. G. Chen and D. J. Brady, “Two‐wavelength reversible holograms in azo‐dye doped nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(23), 2920–2922 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

H. C. Külich, “A new approach to read volume holograms at different wavelengths,” Opt. Commun.64(5), 407–411 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1972

1971

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Adibi, A.

Amodei, J. J.

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Baig, S.

Bashaw, M. C.

Berg, R. H.

R. H. Berg, S. Hvilsted, and P. S. Ramanujam, “Peptide oligomers for holographic data storage,” Nature383(6600), 505–508 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bjelkhagen, H. I.

Blanche, P. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brady, D. J.

A. G. Chen and D. J. Brady, “Two‐wavelength reversible holograms in azo‐dye doped nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(23), 2920–2922 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.30(1), 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

Chen, A. G.

A. G. Chen and D. J. Brady, “Two‐wavelength reversible holograms in azo‐dye doped nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(23), 2920–2922 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

P. Wu, L. Wang, J. Xu, B. Zou, X. Gong, G. Zhang, G. Tang, W. Chen, and W. Huang, “Transient biphotonic holographic grating in photoisomerizative azo materials,” Phys. Rev. B57(7), 3874–3880 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, Y. H.

Y. H. Cho and Y. Kawakami, “A novel process for holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal system via simultaneous photo-polymerization and siloxane network formation,” Silicon Chem.3(5), 219–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.

Crawford, G. P.

J. Qi and G. P. Crawford, “Holographically formed polymer dispersed liquid crystal displays,” Displays25(5), 177–186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Daiber, A. J.

de Oliveira, I.

V. Jerez, I. de Oliveira, and J. Frejlich, “Optical recording mechanisms in undoped titanosillenite crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109(2), 024901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dean, P.

DeCristofano, B. S.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, “Nonvolatile grating in an azobenzene polymer with optimized molecular reorientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(9), 1189–1191 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, M. R.

Du, F.

Y. Q. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys.95(3), 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flores, A.

Flores, D.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frejlich, J.

V. Jerez, I. de Oliveira, and J. Frejlich, “Optical recording mechanisms in undoped titanosillenite crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109(2), 024901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gong, X.

P. Wu, L. Wang, J. Xu, B. Zou, X. Gong, G. Zhang, G. Tang, W. Chen, and W. Huang, “Transient biphotonic holographic grating in photoisomerizative azo materials,” Phys. Rev. B57(7), 3874–3880 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gu, T.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heanue, J. F.

Hesselink, L.

Huang, W.

P. Wu, L. Wang, J. Xu, B. Zou, X. Gong, G. Zhang, G. Tang, W. Chen, and W. Huang, “Transient biphotonic holographic grating in photoisomerizative azo materials,” Phys. Rev. B57(7), 3874–3880 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hvilsted, S.

R. H. Berg, S. Hvilsted, and P. S. Ramanujam, “Peptide oligomers for holographic data storage,” Nature383(6600), 505–508 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iizuka, K.

K. Iizuka, “Welcome to the wonderful world of 3D: introduction, principles and history,” Opt. Photonics News17(7), 42–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, T.

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, “Optical switching and image storage by means of azobenzene liquid-crystal films,” Science268(5219), 1873–1875 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, K.

Jerez, V.

V. Jerez, I. de Oliveira, and J. Frejlich, “Optical recording mechanisms in undoped titanosillenite crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109(2), 024901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

Y. H. Cho and Y. Kawakami, “A novel process for holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal system via simultaneous photo-polymerization and siloxane network formation,” Silicon Chem.3(5), 219–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

E. H. Kim, J. Y. Woo, and B. K. Kim, “LC dependent electro-optical properties of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Displays29(5), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E. H.

E. H. Kim, J. Y. Woo, and B. K. Kim, “LC dependent electro-optical properties of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Displays29(5), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kimball, B. R.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, “Nonvolatile grating in an azobenzene polymer with optimized molecular reorientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(9), 1189–1191 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Köber, S.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Külich, H. C.

H. C. Külich, “A new approach to read volume holograms at different wavelengths,” Opt. Commun.64(5), 407–411 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Li, G.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, Y.

Lin, W.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. J.

Liu, Z.

Lu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys.95(3), 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maloney, W. T.

Meerholz, K.

Mirlis, E.

Moharam, M. G. J.

Mok, F.

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, “Holographic memories,” Sci. Am.273(5), 70–76 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakashima, M.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, “Nonvolatile grating in an azobenzene polymer with optimized molecular reorientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(9), 1189–1191 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Natansohn, A.

A. Natansohn and P. Rochon, “Photoinduced motions in azo-containing polymers,” Chem. Rev.102(11), 4139–4176 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.30(1), 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, D. D.

Norwood, R. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prauzner, J.

Psaltis, D.

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “System measure for persistence in holographic recording and application to singly-doped and doubly-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Opt.40(29), 5175–5182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Psaltis, K. Buse, and A. Adibi, “Non-volatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithiumniobate crystals,” Nature393(6686), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, “Holographic memories,” Sci. Am.273(5), 70–76 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, J.

J. Qi and G. P. Crawford, “Holographically formed polymer dispersed liquid crystal displays,” Displays25(5), 177–186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramanujam, P. S.

R. H. Berg, S. Hvilsted, and P. S. Ramanujam, “Peptide oligomers for holographic data storage,” Nature383(6600), 505–508 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. V. G. L. N.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, “Nonvolatile grating in an azobenzene polymer with optimized molecular reorientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(9), 1189–1191 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Rochon, P.

A. Natansohn and P. Rochon, “Photoinduced motions in azo-containing polymers,” Chem. Rev.102(11), 4139–4176 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salvador, M.

Snyder, R.

St Hilaire, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staebler, D. L.

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, “Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(12), 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Q.

Sutherland, R. L.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.30(1), 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N.

Tang, G.

P. Wu, L. Wang, J. Xu, B. Zou, X. Gong, G. Zhang, G. Tang, W. Chen, and W. Huang, “Transient biphotonic holographic grating in photoisomerizative azo materials,” Phys. Rev. B57(7), 3874–3880 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thaxter, J. B.

Thomas, J.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tondiglia, V. P.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.30(1), 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, O.

T. Ikeda and O. Tsutsumi, “Optical switching and image storage by means of azobenzene liquid-crystal films,” Science268(5219), 1873–1875 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunç, A. V.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mechanism of recording a non-volatile and updatable hologram based on unique photoisomerization and molecular reorientation features. The Azo-chromophore has two states (shown on the top), elongated trans form with a molecular axis and bent cis form with no axis. (a) The chromophores are initially in their stable trans state (blue strips) with randomly-distributed reorientation. (b) Upon short-wavelength light irradiation, isomerized to their cis state (red circles). (c) Molecular reorientation occurs only in the bright interference fringes. (d) A non-volatile grating is formed after turning off all light beams.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical enhancement due to the collective alignment of LC molecules nearby polymer chains. (b) Experimental results of non-volatile holography using the same wavelength for both recording and reading. Inlaid: The recorded information can be erased thermally (within a few seconds).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of proposed large-area updatable and non-volatile holographic recording. (a) A non-volatile hologram is formed in the area illuminated by the object beam combined with an incoherent light beam. Instead of sample movement, a 2-D beam steering device can be used to scan the combined beams. (b) The reference beam can be used to reconstruct the stored holograms by turning off the coherent object beam along with the incoherent light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental result of a hologram reconstruction. The recorded surface-relief image contains both spatial and phase information.

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