Abstract

We investigate theoretically the high-order harmonic generation (HHG) by two orthogonally-polarized linearly chirped laser pulses. We show that such generating field has a specific temporal variation of the ellipticity which provides generation of two XUV attosecond pulses with tunable delay between them. This delay is controlled by the delay between the two generating pulses. Perspectives of application of this technique for the attosecond pump – attosecond probe experiments are discussed.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  3. R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  11. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 975–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).
  28. S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  31. V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  32. V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses by spatial shaping of a femtosecond laser beam,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, A. Jullien, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, L. Gallmann, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Generating coherent broadband continuum soft-x-ray radiation by attosecond ionization gating,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17120–17128 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70(4), 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1996

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19(22), 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

1986

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).

Antoine, Ph.

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauer, M.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bierbaum, V. M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, K.

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, N. H.

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carré, B.

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caumes, J. P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Caumes, J.-P.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70(4), 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses by spatial shaping of a femtosecond laser beam,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
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Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19(22), 1870–1872 (1994).
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M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
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Cormier, E.

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
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De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
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Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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Elouga, L.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
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Elouga, L. B.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaarde, M. B.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Gershgoren, E. H.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
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Gibson, G.

Gilbertson, S.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
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Gland, J.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
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Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, S.

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
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Gonoskov, A. A.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
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Gonoskov, I. A.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
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Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafsson, E.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Y.

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jara, H.

Johann, U.

Johnsson, P.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jullien, A.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S. D.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-H.

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, P.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. G.

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lei, C.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

Lewenstein, M.

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

López-Martens, R.

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Mashiko, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McIntyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Mével, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses by spatial shaping of a femtosecond laser beam,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, M.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, P. M.

Nam, C. H.

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 655–663 (2011).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Niu, Y.

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
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Nugent-Glandorf, L.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
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Paulus, G. G.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
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Pfeifer, T.

Platonenko, V. T.

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
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V. T. Platonenko and V. V. Strelkov, “Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(3), 435–440 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Read, K.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhodes, C. K.

Ryabikin, M. Yu.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samuels, D. A.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheer, M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shubin, N. Yu.

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Siemens, M. E.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sola, I.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sola, I. J.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sterjantov, A. F.

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V. V.

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses by spatial shaping of a femtosecond laser beam,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. T. Platonenko and V. V. Strelkov, “Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(3), 435–440 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tcherbakoff, O.

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tobey, R.

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tobey, R. I.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi4, C.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaïr, A.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, K.

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. I. Tobey, E. H. Gershgoren, M. E. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale photo thermal and photo acoustic transients probed with extreme ultraviolet radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 564–566 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Khan, Y. Cheng, M. Möller, K. Zhao, B. Zhao, M. Chini, G. G. Paulus, and Z. Chang, “Ellipticity dependence of 400 nm-driven high harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(16), 161106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast photodissociation of Br2: Laser-generated high-harmonic soft x-ray probing of the transient photoelectron spectra and ionization cross section,” J. Chem. Phys. 117(13), 6108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. B

V. V. Strelkov, A. F. Sterjantov, N. Yu. Shubin, and V. T. Platonenko, “XUV generation with several-cycle laser pulse in barrier-suppression regime,” J. Phys. B 39(3), 577–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. Zaïr, O. Tcherbakoff, R. López-Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38(10), L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

I. J. Sola, E. Mével, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, C. Vozzi4, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

V. V. Strelkov, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses by spatial shaping of a femtosecond laser beam,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083040 (2008).
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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, V. Strelkov, I. Sola, L. B. Elouga, A. Zaïr, E. Mével, and E. Constant, “Shaping of attosecond pulses by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063837 (2009).
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M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49(3), 2117–2132 (1994).
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Ph. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70(4), 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Control of the high-order harmonics cutoff through the combination of a chirped laser and static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053419 (2009).
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Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(20), 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Lei, K. Read, R. Tobey, J. Gland, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Direct observation of surface chemistry using ultrafast soft-X-ray pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(2), 025501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Strelkov, A. A. Gonoskov, I. A. Gonoskov, and M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Origin for ellipticity of high-order harmonics generated in atomic gases and the sublaser-cycle evolution of harmonic polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Lee, J.-H. Kim, K.-H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Coherent control of high-order harmonics with chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(24), 243902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and atomic ions in a varing electromagnetic-field,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91, 2008 (1986).

Other

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Temporal profiles of H25 intensity vs delay between two orthogonally polarized linearly chirped pulses. (b) The time interval between two XUV pulses vs delay between the two laser pulses. The driving wavelength is 800 nm, the peak laser intensity is 8 × 1013W/cm2, the initial pulse duration is 25fs and N = 3, thus the durations of both chirped pulses are 75fs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Attopulses generated by the 800nm driving field; the other field parameters are the same as for Fig. 1. The harmonics above 19th order are chosen to produce the attopulse. (b) The same for the 2 μm, 75 fs chirped laser pulse under N = 3, the other parameters are the same as for the panel (a). Note that when the delay Td is changed from 1fs (0.15 cycles) to 3fs (0.45 cycles), the intensity of the linear field in the gate changes almost linearly from 5x1013W/cm2 to 9x1013W/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The ellipticity modulus of the field vs the delay between two laser pulse. The parameters of the laser pulse are the same as for Fig. 1. The region where the ellipticity is lower than the threshold ellipticity for H25 (0.125) is shown in the figure.

Equations (11)

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E x = E 0 exp[ ( t+ T d /2 ) 2 ×a ]sin[ ω( t+ T d /2 )+b ( t+ T d /2 ) 2 ] E y = E 0 exp[ ( t T d /2 ) 2 ×a ]sin[ ω( t T d /2 )b ( t T d /2 ) 2 ]
n d nl ( t )=2Re(i 0 + dτ ( π ε+iτ/2 ) 3/2 E ( tτ ) d [ p st ( tτ,t ) A ( tτ ) ] × n d * [ p st ( tτ,t ) A ( t ) ]exp[ i S st ( tτ,t ) ])×exp[ t w( t' )dt' ]
E x (t)= E 0x (t)sin( ϕ x (t)) E y (t)= E 0y (t)sin( ϕ y (t))
ε=tan[ 1 2 arcsin[ 2 E 0x E 0y sin( ϕ y ϕ x ) E 0x 2 + E 0y 2 ] ]
φ= 1 2 arctan[ 2 E 0x E 0y cos( ϕ y ϕ x ) E 0x 2 E 0y 2 ]
t ˜ =± πω T d 2b , ω T d π
Δ= 1 2b( πω T d ) arcsin( E 0x 2 ( t ˜ )+ E 0y 2 ( t ˜ ) 2 E 0x ( t ˜ ) E 0y ( t ˜ ) sin( 2arctan ε th ) )
Δ= 2 b( πω T d ) ε th
T d T = 1 2 ( 1 ln2 N 2 1 π )
Δ= 2 ε th τ p ln2 N N 2 1
Δ= 2 ε th τ p ln2

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