Abstract

In this paper, a multi-band slow light metamaterial is presented and investigated. The metamaterial unit cell is composed of three cut wires of different sizes and parallel to each other. Two transparency windows induced by two-two overlaps of absorption bands of three cut wires are observed. The multi-band transmission characteristics and the slow light properties of metamaterial are verified by numerical simulation, which is in a good agreement with theoretical predictions. The impacts of structure parameters on transparency windows are also investigated. Simulation results show the spectral properties can be tuned by adjusting structure parameters of metamaterial. The equivalent circuit model and the synthesis method of the multi-band slow light metamaterial are presented. It is seen from simulation results that the synthesis method accurately predicts the center frequency of the multi-band metamaterial, which opens a door to a quick and accurate construction for multi-band slow light metamaterial.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (7)

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1685–1689 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, S. Darmawan, L. Y. M. Tobing, T. Mei, and D. H. Zhang, “Coupled resonator-induced transparency in ring-bus-ring mach-zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(1), 28–36 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Y. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (10)

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, R. Soref, and W. R. Buchwald, “Multi-peak electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission from bull’s-eye-shaped metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17997–18002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, and H. A. Atwater, “Symmetry breaking and strong coupling in planar optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13407–13417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Tidström, C. W. Neff, and L. M. Andersson, “Photonic crystal cavity embedded in electromagnetically induced transparency media,” J. Opt. 12(3), 035105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Lauprêtre, J. Ruggiero, R. Ghosh, F. Bretenaker, and F. Goldfarb, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in the dark state--bright state basis,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19444–19450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(9), 2666–2670 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Waks and J. Vuckovic, “Dipole induced transparency in drop-filter cavity-waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation,” Opt. Express 13(24), 9909–9915 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alici, K. B.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ali-Khan, I.

R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I. A. I.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1685–1689 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alzar, C. L. G.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, L. M.

J. Tidström, C. W. Neff, and L. M. Andersson, “Photonic crystal cavity embedded in electromagnetically induced transparency media,” J. Opt. 12(3), 035105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Artar, A.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1685–1689 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, and H. A. Atwater, “Symmetry breaking and strong coupling in planar optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13407–13417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Q.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bettiol, A. A.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bilotti, F.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

Broadbent, C. J.

R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buchwald, W. R.

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chen, J.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheong, H. S.

Chiam, S. Y.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J. J.

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J.-J.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cook, J. J. H.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Crankshaw, S.

Darmawan, S.

Dong, Z. G.

Dorpe, P. V.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J. H.

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K. A.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, R.

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldfarb, F.

Gui, T.

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamm, J. M.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hao, F.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X. J.

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

Herráez, M. G.

Hess, O.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
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C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ibanescu, M.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jang, W. H.

Jin, X. R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jose, R.

G. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karalis, A.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kästel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

Kim, J. Y.

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. W.

Kocaman, S.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. F. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(9), 2666–2670 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D. L.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lam, V. D.

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lauprêtre, T.

Lederer, F.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. C.

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-C.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. P.

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Li, Y. N.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lidorikis, E.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. X.

C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, M. A. G.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, J. F.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mei, T.

Meng, F. Y.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moewe, M.

Morandotti, R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neff, C. W.

J. Tidström, C. W. Neff, and L. M. Andersson, “Photonic crystal cavity embedded in electromagnetically induced transparency media,” J. Opt. 12(3), 035105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nussenzveig, P.

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

G. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Palinginis, P.

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Park, J. W.

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J. D.

C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pryce, I. M.

Qin, G.

G. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rhee, J. Y.

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberger, A. T.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruggiero, J.

Sedgwick, F.

Singh, R.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. D.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sobhani, H.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, K. Y.

Sonnefraud, Y.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soref, R.

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thévenaz, L.

Thuy, V. T. T.

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tidström, J.

J. Tidström, C. W. Neff, and L. M. Andersson, “Photonic crystal cavity embedded in electromagnetically induced transparency media,” J. Opt. 12(3), 035105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tobing, L. Y. M.

Toscano, A.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsakmakidis, K. L.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tung, N. T.

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vegni, L.

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verellen, N.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

E. Waks and J. Vuckovic, “Dipole induced transparency in drop-filter cavity-waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

E. Waks and J. Vuckovic, “Dipole induced transparency in drop-filter cavity-waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

Wang, S. M.

Wang, Y.

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

Wartak, M. S.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C. W.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P. H.

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, M. X.

Yang, X.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. P.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yanik, A. A.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1685–1689 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, M. B.

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. H.

Zhang, F.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. L.

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, H. Y.

Zhu, S. N.

Am. J. Phys. (1)

C. L. G. Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys. 70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Kang, Y. N. Li, J. Chen, J. Chen, Q. Bai, H. T. Wang, and P. H. Wu, “Slow light in a simple metamaterial structure constructed by cut and continuous metal strips,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 699–703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. X. Lin, W. Zhang, Y. D. Huang, and J. D. Peng, “Zero dispersion slow light with low leakage loss in defect Bragg fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Observations of temporal group delays in slow-light multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(22), 221111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, I. A. I. Al-Naib, Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, L. Vegni, K. Aydin, K. B. Alici, and E. Ozbay, “Equivalent-circuit models for the design of metamaterials based on artificial magnetic inclusions,” IEEE T. Microwave Theory Tech. 55(12), 2865–2873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

F. Y. Meng, F. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J.-Y. Kim, J.-J. Choi, B. Lee, and J.-C. Lee, “Low-loss magnetic metamaterial based on analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47(10), 3347–3350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (2)

V. T. T. Thuy, N. T. Tung, J. W. Park, V. D. Lam, Y. P. Lee, and J. Y. Rhee, “Highly dispersive transparency in coupled metamaterial,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Tidström, C. W. Neff, and L. M. Andersson, “Photonic crystal cavity embedded in electromagnetically induced transparency media,” J. Opt. 12(3), 035105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, K. Zhang, Q. Wu, J. Y. Kim, J. J. Choi, B. Lee, and J. C. Lee, “Metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in two orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(26), 265402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(9), 2666–2670 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1685–1689 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

T. Lauprêtre, J. Ruggiero, R. Ghosh, F. Bretenaker, and F. Goldfarb, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in the dark state--bright state basis,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19444–19450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation,” Opt. Express 13(24), 9909–9915 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 13(1), 82–88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, R. Soref, and W. R. Buchwald, “Multi-peak electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission from bull’s-eye-shaped metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17997–18002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, and H. A. Atwater, “Symmetry breaking and strong coupling in planar optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13407–13417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. R. Jin, J. Park, H. Y. Zheng, S. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, H. S. Cheong, and W. H. Jang, “Highly-dispersive transparency at optical frequencies in planar metamaterials based on two-bright-mode coupling,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21652–21657 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, M. S. Wartak, J. J. H. Cook, J. M. Hamm, and O. Hess, “Negative-permeability electromagnetically induced transparent and magnetically active metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195128 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Waks and J. Vuckovic, “Dipole induced transparency in drop-filter cavity-waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Karalis, E. Lidorikis, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Surface-plasmon-assisted guiding of broadband slow and subwavelength light in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(6), 063901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Camacho, C. J. Broadbent, I. Ali-Khan, and J. C. Howell, “All-optical delay of images using slow light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

X. J. He, Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. Gui, and Q. Wu, “Dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with polarization insensitivity and wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 115, 381–397 (2011).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. S. Mohan, “The design, modeling and optimization of on-chip inductor and transformer circuits,” Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford University, 153–155 (1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the multi-band slow light metamaterial.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The transmission coefficients of different metamaterials.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The simulated time pulse signal with Gaussian-shaped pulse centered at 8.9 GHz (b) The simulated time pulse signal with Gaussian-shaped pulse centered at 10.6 GHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The electrical field distributions of the multi-band slow light metamaterial at frequencies (a) 8.6 GHz, (b) 8.9 GHz, (c) 10.1 GHz, (d) 10.6 GHz, (e) 12.5 GHz, respectively. Red (green) corresponds to a large (small) electric field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The transmission spectra (a) with variable l2 (b) with variable w.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The equivalent circuits of the multi-band slow light metamaterial.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The numerical simulation results of three cut wires

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L= μ 0 l 2π [ln( 2l w )+0.5+ w 3l w 2 24 l 2 ]
C = l × C 0 + H
C 0 = ε 0 ε e K ( 1 k 2 ) K ( k )
ε e =1+0.5( ε r 1)[1+ (1+10 h w ) 0.5 ]
R rad =60 0 π [cos(klcosθ/2)cos(kl/2)] 2 sinθ dθ
R c = lρ wt
C c = ε 0 ε e A s
f res 357.143× 10 6 l 1 ln 2 l 1 w + l 2 ln 2 l 2 w +0.5( l 1 + l 2 )+ 2w 3 l 1 l 2 (ln 2 l 1 w +0.5+ w 3 l 1 )(ln 2 l 2 w +0.5+ w 3 l 2 )(15.7w K( 1 k 1 2 ) K( k 1 ) +15.7w K( 1 k 2 2 ) K( k 2 ) +H)

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